Varnsdorf

Varnsdorf (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvarnzdorf]; German: Warnsdorf, Upper Sorbian: Warnoćicy) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic, with a population of around 15,000. The town is close to the border with Germany, with border crossings to the Saxon towns of Seifhennersdorf and Großschönau, and is the second largest in the Děčín District.

Varnsdorf
Town
General view on Varnsdorf from Hrádek lookout tower

Flag

Coat of arms
Varnsdorf
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°53′N 14°37′E
CountryCzech Republic
RegionÚstí nad Labem
DistrictDěčín
First mentioned1357
Government
  MayorStanislav Horáček
Area
  Total26.21 km2 (10.12 sq mi)
Elevation
332 m (1,089 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
  Total15,297
  Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
407 47
Websitewww.varnsdorf.cz

History

The village of Warnsdorf was first recorded in the fourteenth century, and it united with nearby villages in 1849 to form the largest village in the Austrian Empire. It was made a town in 1868. The town was one of the early sites of Old Catholic Church, and an Old Catholic cathedral remains a tourist attraction. The population has declined somewhat since its peak – the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica gives it as 20,000, and noted it was a textile town.

Prior to the end of World War I, Warnsdorf was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Following that war, the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye incorporated it, together with the region of Bohemia, into the new country of Czechoslovakia. Following the end of World War II, its ethnic German population was mostly expelled to Germany, and the official spelling of its name was changed from the German "Warnsdorf" to the Czech "Varnsdorf".

Main sights

  • Varnsdorf museum
  • Culture: Municipal Theater with its own gallery
  • Tourism and hiking: road border crossing to Seifhennersdorf, Germany

Religion

  • St. Peter’s and Paul’s Church
  • Cathedral of Old Catholic Church
  • Around 2500 Buddhist Vietnamese live in and around Varnsdorf. The city thus hosts the first Buddhist temple in Czech Republic[2]

Economy

Varnsdorf is also home to the Kocour Brewery, who make a range of ales, including American style IPA and a stout.

Notable residents

References


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