Varkaus (before year 1929 Warkaus) is a Middle-Savonian industrial town and municipality of Finland.

Varkauden kaupunki
Varkaus stad
Varkaus in July 2006

Coat of arms
Location of Varkaus in Finland
Coordinates: 62°19′N 027°53.5′E
Country Finland
RegionNorthern Savonia
Sub-regionVarkaus sub-region
Market town1929
City rights1961
  Town managerHannu Tsupari
  Total524.48 km2 (202.50 sq mi)
  Land386.04 km2 (149.05 sq mi)
  Water138.45 km2 (53.46 sq mi)
Area rank206th largest in Finland
  Rank51st largest in Finland
  Density53.96/km2 (139.8/sq mi)
Population by native language
  Finnish98.2% (official)
Population by age
  0 to 1414.8%
  15 to 6464.7%
  65 or older20.5%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20%

It is located in the province of Eastern Finland and is part of the Northern Savonia region. The municipality has a population of 20,830 (31 January 2019)[2] and covers an area of 524.48 square kilometres (202.50 sq mi) of which 138.45 km2 (53.46 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 53.96 inhabitants per square kilometre (139.8/sq mi).

The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Oddly enough, 'Varkaus' translates to 'theft', even though it is not the reason for giving that name to the city. In old Finnish the same word also meant strait, and this city is located in the lake district on straits between two parts of Lake Saimaa. An extension of the Saimaa Canal passes through the town.


Varkaus was born in the late 19th Century as an industrial community of the A. Ahlström paper mills. It was a part of the municipalities of Leppävirta and Joroinen until 1929 when Varkaus became a market town. During the Finnish Civil War in 1918 the town was taken over by the Reds, but because of its isolated location in rural Finland, it was soon taken by the Whites on the Battle of Varkaus 19–21 February. The whites proceeded to execute every tenth Red soldier.

The municipality of Kangaslampi was consolidated to Varkaus on 1 January 2005.


The bandy team Warkauden Pallo-35, or just WP-35, plays in the highest division, Bandyliiga, and has become Finnish champions 16 times.

Parts of the town of Varkaus

  • Kaura-aho
  • Käpykangas
  • Kuoppakangas
  • Kosulanniemi
  • Lehtoniemi
  • Puurtila
  • Taipale
  • Luttila
  • Könönpelto
  • Kangaslampi
  • Kurola
  • Hasinmäki
  • Häyrilä
  • Päiviönsaari
  • Peltola

Twin towns — sister cities

Varkaus is twinned with:


  1. "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.

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