Valentano

Valentano is a town and comune of the province of Viterbo, in the Lazio region of central Italy. It is 33 kilometres (21 mi) from the provincial capital, Viterbo.

Valentano
Comune di Valentano
Rocca Farnese.

Coat of arms
Location of Valentano
Valentano
Location of Valentano in Italy
Valentano
Valentano (Lazio)
Coordinates: 42°33′55″N 11°49′37″E
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceViterbo (VT)
FrazioniVilla Fontane, Felceti
Government
  MayorStefano Bigiotti
Area
  Total43.5 km2 (16.8 sq mi)
Elevation
538 m (1,765 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2015)[2]
  Total2,868
  Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Valentanesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
01018
Dialing code0761
Patron saintSt. John the Apostle
Saint dayDecember 27
WebsiteOfficial website

The placename is of uncertain origin. Some identify the town with an Etruscan Verentum, others trace the name to ontano, Italian for alder, since alders cover the slopes of a nearby valley: Valle Ontano becoming Valentano.

History

Antiquity and High Middle Ages

The town is named for the first time in a manuscript of 813 in the Farfa Register; starting in 844 a "Balentanu" appears in other documents of the abbey of San Salvatore on Mt. Amiata. The land was definitely inhabited in prehistoric times, and important finds in the Lake Mezzano and near Mt. Becco, Mt. Saliette, the Poggi del Mulino and Mt. Starnina seem to confirm the theories of historians, who identify the lake with the Lake of Statonia (Lacus Statoniensis) described by Seneca in his Naturales Quaestiones and by Pliny the Elder (ii.209, xiv.67 and xxxvi.168).

The Farnese

In the Renaissance period, the town fell under the dominion of the Farnese family: it is to them that Valentano owes its fortress (Rocca) and many of its churches.

In 1649, when the town of Castro, capital of the Duchy of Castro, was destroyed, Valentano became the natural center of the Castrense region and the custodian of its archives.

Modern times

In June 1944, an artillery shell exploded in the "Portonaccio" gate, killing seven civilians who had taken shelter in it. The gate itself is a witness to the tragedy, since one of its stones is missing, but in 2004 a plaque was placed in the Via Trento e Trieste to commemorate all local victims of World War II.

Main sights

People

Events

  • Good Friday: Procession of the Body of Christ ("Cristo Morto")
  • Third Sunday in May: Cedar Fair, instituted by the Farnese in 1461
  • August 1415 Agosto: Feast of the Assumption, with a Plowing Competition.
  • Throughout the summer: various events, including the Palio of the Duchy of Castro, a historical pageant.

Twin towns

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