Vaikkojoki

Vaikkojoki River is a 50-kilometre (31 mi) long river, which is in provinces of Northern Karelia and Northern Savonia.

Vaikkojoki
Vaikonjoki
Nickname(s)Vaikko
Location
CountryFinland
ProvinceNorthern Karelia, Northern Savonia
MunicipalityJuuka and Kaavi
Physical characteristics
SourceLake Vaikkojärvi
  locationJuuka, Northern Karelia
  coordinates63°15′25″N 28°51′37″E
  elevation187.2 m (614 ft)
MouthLake Kaavinjärvi
  location
Kaavi, Northern Savonia
  coordinates
62°55′35″N 28°38′15″E
  elevation
101 m (331 ft)
Length50 km (31 mi)

The waters of Vaikkojoki River flows from Lake Vaikkojärvi to Lake Kaavinjärvi, from the municipality of Juuka to municipality of Kaavi. The elevation difference of the river is more than 60 metres (200 ft). There are 27 rapids in Vaikkojoki River. The total length of the rapids is approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi).[1]

Lake Kärenjärvi, Lake Vihtajärvi, Lake Saarijärvi and Lake Retunen are the largest lakes in the area of Vaikkojoki River.[2]

The total length of Vaikkojoki Canoeing Route is about 90 kilometres (56 mi).[1]

Tourism

Vaikkojoki River is a versatile recreational and leisure area offering outdoor activities round the year. Most of the tourism enterprises of the area are located in Kaavi, Northern Savonia.[3][4][5][6]

The tourism enterprises of Vaikkojoki area offer accommodation services which include holiday villages, cottages and camping sites. The transportation services and hiring services (equipments for canoeing, fishing and skiing) are also available.[3][4][5][6]

The program services include many kinds of activities: archery, biking, boating, canoeing, cross-country skiing, fishing, winter fishing, hiking, horse riding, berry picking, mushroom picking, sauna, shooting the rapids and walking with snowshoes. The local tourism enterprises sell the fishing permissions too.[3][4][5][6]

Shooting the rapids

In Kaavi it is possible to shoot the rapids on Vaikkojoki River in the spring and early summer. The expeditions, covering 17 kilometres (11 mi), are done in a purpose-made boat steered by a professional helmsman.[3]

Canoeing Route

The total length of the Canoeing Route of Vaikkojoki River is circa 90 kilometres (56 mi).[1]

There are landing sites near Lake Lietukka, Makkarasärkkä, Kusiaiskoski Rapid, Rakkinekoski Rapid and Multivääränkoski Rapid. Some of the campfire sites are covered.[1][2]

Rapid Length (m) Elevation (m) Class
Lake Vaikkojärvi
Pond Vaikkolampi
Puksaminsahi
Riitasuonsahi
Koivuniemensahi
Ahmonkoski
Koivukoski
Pond Mäntylampi
Lake Metsä-Vaikko
Vaikon tammi 100
Jokilammenkoski 100 1,0 I
Hirvolankosket 1000 9,0 I
Lake Lietukka (Lake Lietejärvi)
Murtosaarenkoski 150 1,5 I
Kalliokoski 450 4,0 I
Kantosaarenkoski 600 6,0 I
Hirvisaarenkoski 350 2,5 I
Myllykoski 400 5,0 II
Ylä-Jokipolvenkoski 100 1,0 I
Ala-Jokipolvenkoski 400 2,0 I
Pond Suuri Kotalampi
Iso Kotakoski 400 2,0 I
Pieni Kotakoski 50 0,5 viv
Makkarasärkät
Markkakoski 400 1,0 I
Pielisenpitkä 600 4,5 I+
Suarvanniva 160 0,5 viv
Kusiaiskoski 350 2,5 I
Rakkinekoski 150 2,0 I+
Ylä-Kalliokoski 250 2,0 I+
Ala-Kalliokoski 150 1,0 viv
Multivääränkoski 850 4,5 I+
Piilukoski 150 1,0 I
Polvikoski 150 1,0 I-
Lake Välijärvi
Ruukinkoski 100 1,0 I-
Lake Kärenjärvi
Kärenkoski 100 0,5 viv
Lake Vihtajärvi
Vihtakoski
Lake Pieni-Kortteinen
Kylänkosket
Lake Suuri Kortteinen
Sivinvirta
Lake Saarijärvi
Saarivirta
Lake Retunen
Melttusvirta
Lake Kaavinjärvi

[7]

Fishing

Species

The natural catch species of the rapids of Vaikkojoki River are the brown trout (Salmo trutta), the grayling (Thymallus thymallus) and the ide (Leuciscus idus). Stocked catch species are the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and the grayling. The northern pike (Esox lucius) is also a catch species.[8][9]

Fishing permits

A fishing permit for Vaikkojoki River can be obtained e.g. from the local tourist enterprises. A fisherman 18 to 64 years old has to purchase also personal National fishing management fee (Valtion kalastuksenhoitomaksu in Finnish). The child under the age of 12 is allowed to fish with the same fishing permit of an accompanied adult. The special fishing permits for school groups are available.[9]

The fisherman may purchase a fishing permit for a day, week or for the whole season. One of the fishing permits covers the whole area from Lake Vaikkojärvi, Juuka of Northern Karelia down to Sivinvirta Rapid, Kaavi of Northern Savonia. Usually the permit covers also the lakes of the area. Some fishing permits cover only certain part of the river.[9]

Allowed fishing methods in the rapids are spin fishing and fly fishing. The amount of catch is limited. Fishing is not permitted in Kajoonkoski Rapid.[9]

Protection status

Vaikkojoki River has been designated the status of a protected area enlisted in the Natura 2000 ecological network of the E.U..[10]

Habitat types

Vaikkojoki River is situated in Boreal Biogeographic Region. Protected area covers 258 hectares.[11] The most typical habitat types are coniferous woodland (50% of the area), Western taïga (31%), Fennoscandian natural rivers (25%) and bog woodland (19%).[12]

The other habitats of Vaikkojoki Natura 2000 Site are natural dystrophic lakes and ponds, active raised bogs, transition mires and quaking bogs.[12]

The minimum elevation of Vaikkojoki Natura 2000 Site is 104 metres (341 ft). The maximum is 190 metres (620 ft), and the mean is 131 metres (430 ft).[11]

Bird species

Black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius), common crane (Grus grus) and western capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) are the biggest birds in the area of Vaikkojoki.

The green sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) and the common gull (Larus canus) are typical freshwater birds in the river habitat. Other bird species include the common chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), the willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus), the tree pipit (Anthus trivialis), the common redpoll (Carduelis flammea), the great tit (Parus major), the spotted flycatcher (Muscicapa striata), the red crossbill (Loxia curvirostra), the Eurasian treecreeper (Certhia familiaris), the wood warbler (Phylloscopus sibilatrix), the greenish warbler (Phylloscopus trochiloides) and the goldcrest (Regulus regulus).[13]

References

  1. "Vaikkojoen melontareitti (Canoeing Route of Vaikkojoki River)" (PDF) (in Finnish). Vaikko.net. 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  2. "Vaikkojoki (Map of Vaikkojoki River)" (PDF) (in Finnish). Vaikko.net. 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  3. "Vaikon Loma ja Lohi". Vaikon Loma ja Lohi. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  4. "Vaikon Ohjelmapalvelut (Vaikkojoki Program Services)" (in Finnish). Vaikon Ohjelmapalvelut. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  5. "Kaavin Lomakeskus". Kaavin lomakeskus. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  6. "Vaikko Travel". Vaikko Travel Oy. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  7. Vaikkojoki Information, 2014
  8. "Vaikkojoki". Kalapaikka.net. Retrieved 2013-10-20.
  9. "Vaikkojoki: Kalastus". Kalapaikka.net. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
  10. "EUNIS - Site Factsheet for Vaikkojoki, Vaikon vanhat metsät ja Aitalamminsuo". European Environment Agency. 1996. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  11. "EUNIS - Site Factsheet for Vaikkojoki, Vaikon vanhat metsät ja Aitalamminsuo: Site identification". European Environment Agency. 1996. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  12. "EUNIS - Site Factsheet for Vaikkojoki, Vaikon vanhat metsät ja Aitalamminsuo: Habitats". European Environment Agency. 1996. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  13. "EUNIS - Site Factsheet for Vaikkojoki, Vaikon vanhat metsät ja Aitalamminsuo: Flora and fauna". European Environment Agency. 1996. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
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