Uryankhay Krai

Uryankhay Krai (Russian: Урянхайский край, Urjanchajskij kraj) was the name of what is today Tuva and was a short-lived protectorate of the Russian Empire that was proclaimed on 17 April 1914, created from the Urjanchai Republic which had recently proclaimed its independence from the Qing dynasty of China in the Mongolian Revolution of 1911.[1][2] After the February Revolution and abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, Uryankhay Krai recognizes the new Russian Republic and reaffirmed its status as a Russian protectorate in 1917.[1][2]

Uryankhay Krai

Blue line is the Uryankhay Krai's border. Red line is the Tuvan Autonomous Oblast (1953) border.
StatusRussian protectorate
Common languagesTuvan
Amban Noyan 
Oyun Ölzey-Ochur oglu Kombu-Dorzhu
Irgit Agbaan-Demchi
Oyun Kombu-Dorzhu oglu Sodunam-Balchyr
Historical eraLong nineteenth century
17 April 1914
August 14 1921
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Uryankhay Republic
Chinese Occupation
Tannu Tuva
Today part of Russia

During the Russian Civil War, the country was occupied by China and Russian "Whites" between 1918 and 1921. Supported by the Red Army, the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party established the Soviet puppet state of the Tuvan People's Republic (initially Tannu Tuva) on 14 August 1921.[1][2]


  1. "RossTuva | ТЫВА Tuva". hubert-herald.nl. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  2. Cahoon, Ben. "Tannu Tuva". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 8 August 2019.

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