Unorganized North Algoma District

Unorganized North Algoma District is an unorganized area in northeastern Ontario, Canada, comprising all areas in Algoma District, north of the Sault Ste. Marie to Elliot Lake corridor, which are not part of an incorporated municipality or a First Nation. It covers 44,077.03 km2 (17,018.24 sq mi) of land, and had a population of 5739 in 2016.

Unorganized North Algoma District
Algoma, Unorganized, North Part
An aerial view of Goulais River.
Coordinates: 47°30′N 84°15′W
Country Canada
Province Ontario
  MPsCarol Hughes (NDP)
Terry Sheehan (Liberal)
  MPPMichael Mantha (NDP)
  Land44,077.03 km2 (17,018.24 sq mi)
  Density0.1/km2 (0.3/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code span
P0L, P0M, P0R
Area code(s)705

Local services boards


Agawa Bay

Agawa Bay (47°20′N 84°40′W) is located along Highway 17 at the southern boundary of Lake Superior Provincial Park.


Amyot (48°29′N 84°57′W) is located on the Canadian Pacific rail line, on the shores of Negwazu Lake, around 10 km east of Highway 17.



Dalton is an abandoned village in the middle of Highway 651 about 27 km or 30 minutes from Missanabie. There is a small train station and some old buildings that serve as summer cottages. The railroad passes through the little town that has some trails to get to the nearby lakes such as Ogasiwi lake.

Dunns Valley

Dunns Valley is located 30 km north of Bruce Mines at the end of Highway 670.

Fire River

Fire River is an uninhabited railway siding located west of the Missinaibi River, between the Dishnish and Argolis stations. It can only be accessed by train as there are no roads leading to it. It is located about halfway between Hearst and Chapleau.


Franz (48°28′N 84°25′W) is located at the junction of the Canadian Pacific and Algoma Central Railways near Hobon Lake, 209 kilometres (130 mi) north of Sault Ste. Marie and 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Chapleau. Franz once had a booming economy in forestry, transportation and mining. The community's original name was Hobon. In 1914, the post office's name was changed to Franz, and the railway station was renamed from Hobon to Franz Station after former Algoma Steel executive William Charles Franz. The station closed in 1991 and the building was moved to Dubreuilville where it serves as a library and tourist office.


Frater is an uninhabited dispersed rural community and unincorporated place with a railway siding on the Algoma Central Railway located 91 kilometres (57 mi) north of Sault Ste. Marie.[2] It is located on Frater Lake at the boundary with Lake Superior Provincial Park, 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) from the Ontario Highway 17 (Trans-Canada Highway) and 4.3 kilometres (2.7 mi) from the shore of Lake Superior, and at geographic coordinates 47°20′12″N 84°33′02″W.



Goudreau (48.250°N 84.533°W / 48.250; -84.533 (Goudreau)) was built as a stopping point along the Algoma Central Railway.

When the Cline mine opened, Goudreau sprang to life with some 200 residents coming to the area to work. Not all of the residents worked in the mine, some of them were prospectors in search of the gold, silver, copper and iron pyrite. During the First World War, the mine was leased to the Nichols Chemicals company for the production of sulphuric acid. After the war ended, the market fell and the mine ceased operations. Other mines soon set up operations in the area. They went by the names of The Emily, Algold, Algoma Summit and The Edward. Each mine had a town site for their employees.

The town continued to grow, with the building of a two-storey railway station, workers homes and a movie theatre. A post office was built in 1915 and closed in 1966.

The Second World War ultimately led to Goudreau's demise as the demand for gold came second to iron and steel for the war. The mines eventually closed down as costs increased. Located along Highway 519, Goudreau is now a virtual ghost town, still used for logging operations and summer homes.

Goulais Mission


Harmony Bay

Harmony Bay is a small community built around a beach on Lake Superior.

Havilland Bay

Havilland Bay is a small unincorporated community built around a beach on Lake Superior.


Island Lake



Leeburn (46°28′00″N 83°48′52″W) is located along Highway 638. At one time there was a gold mine at Bass Lake, a few kilometres north of Leeburn. The quality of the ore found was not sufficient to make the mine profitable.


Lochalsh (48°21′00″N 84°16′00″W) is a ghost town and rail siding located at the very south end of Wabatongushi Lake, along the Canadian Pacific Railway between Missanabie and Franz. A taxi ran between Lochalsh, Goudreau, and the Cline Mine. When the mine closed in 1946, both towns became ghost towns. There are still active mining operations in the area as well as a few ghost mines. The area around Lochalsh has a population of one.


Montreal River

Montreal River or Montreal River Harbour (47°14′25″N 84°38′45″W) is a very small community located at the mouth of the Montreal River just south of Lake Superior Provincial Park. Immediately north of the community, the Montreal River Hill is one of the more famous segments of Ontario Highway 17, simultaneously recognized for both its scenic vistas of the surrounding wilderness and its potential to create a bottleneck in the Trans-Canada Highway system because winter storms can render it impassable.[3]

Northland Lake

The community of Northland Lake (46°42′29″N 84°7′20″W) is located near Highway 556 and found by following the Northland Lake Road that intersects it . The community is mostly a collection of summer cottages. The Algoma Central Railway also operated a train station in the community by the name of Northland Station. The building still stands to this day but has been converted to a private cottage.



Oba (49.067°N 84.100°W / 49.067; -84.100 (Oba)) is located at the junction of the Canadian National and the Algoma Central Railways, approximately halfway between Dubreuilville and Hearst, permitting a transfer between the Canadian transcontinental and the Algoma. The community is also accessible by a forest roads extending from Highway 583.


Ophir (46°27′48″N 83°43′44″W) is a sparsely populated farming community located 25 km north of Bruce Mines. It is centered at the intersection of the east-west and north-south portions of Highway 638.

Non-native settlers began farming in the area around the time the mines of Bruce Mines closed in 1875. In November, 1889, William Moor, a farmer prospecting after the fall harvest, found ore containing gold atop a ridge overlooking what was then Lake Ickta (now Havilah Lake). After some ownership dispute, American investors organized the Ophir Gold Mining Company (named after the biblical Ophir) to purchase the land in 1892. A small mining town was built, and gold mining operations commenced in 1893, producing 2489 tons of ore worth $8459. Operations ceased due to a financial panic in the United States and a fatal mining accident. The name of the mine and lake were changed to Havilah, another biblical reference, as mining resumed from 1910 to 1911, but the operation and its buildings were subsequently abandoned [4][5][6]


Poplar Dale

North of Ophir, this region was settled in the late 19th century for primarily agricultural reasons. The community comprises all peoples living along the Poplar Dale Rd. and its tributaries, north of the Thessalon River. The community's major exports are beef and timber.

Ranger Lake

The community of Ranger Lake (46°52′25″N 83°34′50″W) is located along Highway 556 at the south end of the lake with the same name. It is mostly a collection of summer cottages and resorts. There is an old fire tower.




Wabos (46°49′00″N 84°06′55″W) is a railway siding along the Algoma Central Railway located approximately 8.6 kilometres (5.3 mi) north-west of Searchmont.


Canada census – Algoma, Unorganized, North Part community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 5739 (+3.9% from 2011) 5518 (-3.5% from 2006) 5717 (-6.5% from 2001)
Land area: 44,077.03 km2 (17,018.24 sq mi) 44,077.03 km2 (17,018.24 sq mi) 44,096.97 km2 (17,025.94 sq mi)
Population density: 0.1/km2 (0.26/sq mi) 0.1/km2 (0.26/sq mi) 0.1/km2 (0.26/sq mi)
Median age: 52.5 (M: 52.6, F: 52.3) 47.2 (M: 47.5, F: 47.0)
Total private dwellings: 5489 5118 5307
Median household income: $61,277 $47,422
References: 2016[7] 2011[8] 2006[9] earlier[10]
N/A = Data not available
Historical population
1996 (adj.)6,161−16.6%
[1][9][10][11] The 1996 population is 6,161 when adjusted to the 2001 boundaries. Area: 47,119.59 square kilometres (18,192.98 sq mi)
Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population groupPopulation% of total population
Visible minority group
South Asian00%
Latin American100.2%
Southeast Asian00%
West Asian00%
Visible minority, n.i.e.00%
Multiple visible minority00%
Total visible minority population951.7%
Aboriginal group
First Nations2855%
Aboriginal, n.i.e.100.2%
Multiple Aboriginal identity00%
Total Aboriginal population58510.2%
Total population5,725100%

See also


  1. "Algoma, Unorganized, North Part census profile". 2016 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
  2. "Frater". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
  3. "The Montreal River hill: Nine years for nothing?". Northern Ontario Business, May 16, 2006.
  4. Third Report of the Bureau of Mines, 1893.
  5. Nineteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Mines, 1910
  6. Forty-fifth Annual Report of the Ontario Department of Mines
  7. "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
  8. "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  9. "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
  10. "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  11. Statistics Canada: 1996 census
  12. Unorganized, North Part&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  13. Unorganized, North Part&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
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