Universiti Teknologi MARA

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM [5]) is a public university based primarily in Shah Alam, Malaysia that accepts only Bumiputera .[6] Established in 1956 as RIDA (Rural & Industrial Development Authority) Training Centre (Malay: Dewan Latihan RIDA), it opened to some 50 students with a focus to help the rural Malays.[7] Since that time it has grown into the largest higher education institution in Malaysia by physical infrastructure, staff organisation (academic and non-academic), and student enrolment.

Universiti Teknologi MARA
Former names
  • RIDA Training Centre (1956–1965)
  • MARA College (1965–1967)
  • MARA Institute of Technology (1967–1999)
MottoUsaha, Taqwa, Mulia (Malay)[1]
Motto in English
Endeavour, Religious, Dignified[2]
BudgetMYR 1.99 billion (2016)[3]
ChancellorDuli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Yang Di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah Ibni Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah
Vice-ChancellorEmeritus Prof. Datuk Ir. Dr.Mohd Azraai Kassim
Students160,957 (2019)[4]
Undergraduates151,403 (2019)
Postgraduates9,554 (2019)
Location, ,
3°04′10.9″N 101°30′13.2″E
Campus35 branch campuses
ColoursVivid violet and Prussian blue

The university comprises one main campus and 34 state campuses. With 17,488 academic and non-academic staff, UiTM offers over 500 programmes ranging from foundation to postgraduate level. It is home to some 170,514 bumiputera and international students, in full-time and part-time modes.[4] Teaching is fully conducted in English.



Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) began as RIDA (Rural & Industrial Development Authority) Training Centre (Malay: Dewan Latehan RIDA), inspired by Onn Jaafar, the founder and former president of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). The idea was conceived as a result of a study visit to Ceylon in 1951 (now Sri Lanka) to look into its rural development programme. A resulting working paper outlined the establishment of Rural and Industrial Development Authority (RIDA) and its objectives of rebuilding the rural society, as well as improving the economy of rural Malays.[5] A bill Paper No. 10/1951 was passed by the Federal Legislative Council on the same year that led to its establishment; reveals an interesting insight into the connection between RIDA Training Centre and the Malay community. Section 5 of this paper outlines the justification and the necessity of establishing Rural Industrial Development Authority (RIDA). The word kampong (English: village), which is synonymous with the Malays, is also used in Section 8 of the paper.[8]

Training Centre

In November 1956, RIDA Training Centre began operations in Petaling Jaya, Selangor (currently Jalan Othman satellite campus) under its first principal, Syed Alwi Syed Sheikh Alhadi. It was officially opened by Dr Ismail Abdul Rahman, the Minister for Trade and Industry on 14 February 1957. The training centre conducted pre-university courses, business skills training and several external professional courses offered by established international bodies, such as the London Chamber of Commerce, the Australian Chartered Secretaryship, the Australian Society of Accountants and the British Institute of Management. After the formation of the Federation of Malaysia in 1963, the training centre began to admit native students from Sabah and Sarawak, and more academic programmes were offered. In 1964, RIDA Training Centre held its first convocation and 50 graduates were awarded certificates by Tun Abdul Razak, the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia.[5]

The training centre later became known as MARA College (Malay: Maktab MARA) in 1965. The name change meant that the college no longer operated under RIDA and instead became the most important unit of the MARA Training Division. MARA stands for Majlis Amanah Rakyat (English: Council of Trust for the Indigenous People) under the leadership of Tan Sri Arshad Ayub, took over and strengthened the role and responsibilities of RIDA. In 1966, when the British Institute of Management ceased conducting external examinations, MARA College began running its own Diploma in Business Studies. International recognition for the course came from Ealing Technical College in London, which also became its external examiner.[5]

Expansion and growth

In 1967, the college was upgraded to Institut Teknologi MARA. Its establishment came as a response to a need in Malaysia for trained professionals, especially among bumiputeras. This shortage was identified through a manpower survey conducted by the government in 1965 collaboration with the United Nations. Acknowledging the fact that education holds the key to positive social engineering processes, ITM has made education easily accessible primarily to the bumiputera Malays and indigenous bumiputera of the Malay peninsula (such as Jakun, Senoi), and those from the East Malaysia (such as the Kadazan-Dusun, Melanau, and Dayak).[9] It mainly catered to semi-professional courses predominantly in the science and technology in fields such as engineering, applied sciences and architecture, building and planning. However, realising the importance of other complementary nation-building fields, it has also included a repertoire of other salient 'management and humanities-based' fields such as business studies, hotel and catering management, mass communications, public administration, law, secretarial science, as well as art and design.[10] By 1973, branch campuses had been set up in Perlis, Sabah and Sarawak. The development of ITM was in three stages. The first phase (1967-1976) came with the declaration of the institute as an autonomous body with its own 300-acre campus in Shah Alam, and was placed under the Ministry of Rural Development. The second phase (1976-1996) saw ITM rapidly harnessing its potential as an institution of higher learning. It led to the passing of the ITM Act of 1976 that placed the institute directly under the Ministry of Education.[5]

University status

The third phase (1996-1999) came about as a result of an amendment to the ITM Act 1976 which granted the institution all the powers of a university and on par with all the universities in the country, despite retaining its name. Among the significant change was a creation of Board of Directors and Senate. Many principal officers of ITM were re-designated such as the Branch Director was renamed Rector, the Head of Campus became the Provost, while Principal and Senior Lecturers were re-designated as Professors and Malay Associate Professors, respectively; each School was redesignated as a Faculty; ITM was given the power to confer degrees up to Doctor of Philosophy level; ITM was given the unique power to establish courses and campuses abroad with permission from the Minister of Education; the Institute was conferred additional powers to enable it to conduct business, invest in shares, set up companies and engage in commercial research; disciplinary powers over staff were transferred from the Minister to the Board of Directors; to improve staff accountability, the Institute was bestowed the power to impose a surcharge; and the procedural rights of students in disciplinary proceedings were strengthened.[5]

In August 1999, the Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad announced the change in name of ITM to Universiti Teknologi MARA, UiTM.[11] With such acknowledgement from the government, a major restructuring exercise was carried out in order to consolidate the University's resources for optimum productivity. The Universiti Teknologi MARA Act 173 was drafted in conjunction with the establishment of UiTM. It is deemed essential as the Act provides guidelines for maintenance and smooth administration as well as other pertaining matters. The Act also serves as an acknowledgement of the institution’s transition from an institute to a university, and the authority bestowed upon it to function like any other university. This includes the offering of courses of studies and the conferment of degrees at all levels.[5]


UiTM is Malaysia's largest institution of higher learning in terms of size and population. Besides the main campus in Shah Alam, the university has expanded nationwide with 34 branch campuses, which collectively offers more than 500 academic programmes. UiTM established a system called 1 University Multi System (1UiTM). Based on this system, there is an anchor university and 13 branch campuses.[12]

The anchor university assumes the role of the administrative centre and the branch campuses will be the autonomous state administration. UiTM is headed by a Vice-Chancellor while the branch campus is headed by a Rector, who is directly accountable to the Vice-Chancellor.[13] The anchor university consists of the main campus in Shah Alam and the Selangor Branch Campus (Puncak Alam, Selayang, Sungai Buloh, Puncak Perdana, Jalan Othman and Dengkil), while the autonomous branch campuses consist of all the campuses in each state and its satellite campuses.[14] All branch campuses will be given the autonomous status in phases. As of June 2014, there are seven branch campuses which have been given the autonomous status namely, Perlis, Perak, Terengganu, Sarawak, Melaka, Pulau Pinang and Pahang campuses.[15]

List of UiTM campuses around Malaysia
Campus Location Establish Ref
Main Campus
Shah Alam Shah Alam 1967
UiTM Selangor Branch
Puncak Alam Bandar Puncak Alam 2009
Puncak Perdana Shah Alam 2005
Jalan Othman Petaling Jaya 1956
Dengkil Dengkil 2016
Selayang Batu Caves 2010
Sungai Buloh Sungai Buloh 2012
UiTM Perak Branch
Seri Iskandar Seri Iskandar 1985
Tapah Tapah 2010
Bandaraya Ipoh Ipoh
UiTM Melaka Branch
Alor Gajah Alor Gajah 1984
Bandaraya Melaka Melaka Bandaraya Bersejarah 2007
Jasin Merlimau 2011
UiTM Negeri Sembilan Branch
Kuala PIlah Kuala Pilah 1999
Seremban Seremban 2014
Rembau Rembau 2016
UiTM Johor Branch
Segamat Segamat 1985
Pasir Gudang Masai 2013
UiTM Pahang Branch
Jengka Bandar Tun Razak 1993
Raub Raub 2015
Kuantan Kuantan
UiTM Terengganu Branch
Dungun Dungun 1975
Kuala Terengganu Kuala Terengganu 2008
Bukit Besi Bukit Besi 2013
UiTM Kelantan Branch
Machang Machang 1985
Kota Bharu Kota Bharu 2007
UITM Pulau PInang Branch
Permatang Pauh Permatang Pauh 1996
Bertam Kepala Batas 2011
UiTM Perlis Branch
Arau Arau 1974
UiTM Kedah Branch
Sungai Petani Merbok 1997
UiTM Sarawak Branch
Samarahan Kota Samarahan 1973
Samarahan 2 Kota Samarahan 2014
Mukah Mukah 2007
UiTM Sabah Branch
Kota Kinabalu Kota Kinabalu 1973
Tawau Tawau 1996

Shah Alam Main Campus


The establishment of ITM Library began with the establishment RIDA Training Centre in Jalan Othman, Petaling Jaya. In the beginning it was known as RIDA Library and it was filled with reading materials on book keeping, accounting and examination preparation courses for the London Chamber of Commerce (LCC). In 1965, the library was renamed MARA College Library and administered by qualified librarians. The library collection at that time consist of books, journals, magazines, newspapers and other publications.

Then in 1972, the ITM main campus was built in Shah Alam. The four storey building was designed in consultation with the Chief Librarian following the specification of an academic library. The library was officiated by the Prime Minister, Tun Abdul Razak on 29 July 1972. To commemorate the event, the library was called Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak (PTAR), after the name of the Prime Minister. In the 1970s, despite a large number of printed materials acquired for its collections, there were also collections of microform (microfilm, microfiche and 16mm film).[16]

With the rapid development taking place in UiTM, the library could not accommodate more collections, reading area, academicians and students. Since the existing library building could not be expanded due to its limited area, additional library buildings were built around the main campus in Shah Alam. Currently, there are thirteen faculty and satellite libraries located in the vicinity of Shah Alam, Puncak Alam, Puncak Perdana and Sungai Buloh. In 2003, UiTM established electronic distance education, called the Virtual Faculty. The faculty can be accessed through the Internet from cyber cafes, offices or homes. Students are able to print the notes, communicate with other students, e-mail, chat and so forth.[17]

Residential colleges

There are 13 residential colleges which provide accommodation to students in the main campus. These colleges differ from one another in terms of room capacity, where some colleges accommodate two students per room while some accommodate up to eight students per room. Residential colleges are not autonomous as they fall under the jurisdiction of UiTM. However, the director of each college has vast power endorsed to them in governing these colleges.[18]

The colleges are segregated by gender where different colleges cater only to either male or female students, with the exception of Kolej Teratai where male and female students live in different blocks.[19] Rental for residential colleges in Shah Alam campus is free for only first year students. However, a minimum fee is charged for second year students and above. First year students are not allowed to drive their own vehicles except for motorcycles. All colleges have access to free Wi-Fi service, which is part of the integrated wireless internet connection for the university itself.

As the main campus receives an increase in student enrolment each year, there are constraints on the residential college facilities. Many students in UiTM Shah Alam have to rent off-campus residential facilities on their own. In ensuring the welfare and safety of the non-resident students who stay off-campus, the college management has established a Non-Resident Management Unit to manage living environment matters for these students. This unit will help non-resident students in search of accommodation within Shah Alam.[20]

There are some facilities offered to non-resident students. Prima Siswa Complex located inside the campus, provides a student lounge. It features a large screen television, day lockers, information racks, bulletin board, pool table, foosball, indoor games, prayer room and student activity room. The UiTM Student Service Centre is located outside the campus in the Section 7 Commercial Centre, Shah Alam. It includes free internet surfing (wired and Wi-Fi), self-service laundry and a small lounge.[21]


The university is made up of a number of faculties and academies. It is categorised into three main clusters namely business and management; social sciences and humanities; and science and technology. The Academic Affairs Division, headed by a Deputy Vice-Chancellor, is responsible to ensure the soundness of the academic programs as well as the robust, uniform and standardised academic delivery throughout the whole UiTM system across the nation.[22]

The Senate is the highest authority in UiTM for all academic matters. It is chaired by the Vice-Chancellor and the membership comprises all Deans of faculties and academic centres, representatives from the Rectors of campuses, senior members of the academic staff, and a registrar. The Senate are responsible to create curriculum and academic programs; to set the standard of teaching, learning and training conducted at the UiTM; to determine the entry qualifications into any academic programs offered; and to endorse the results of student assessments and awards of all academic degrees at doctoral, master, bachelor, diploma and certificate levels.[23]

As of May 2015, 470 programmes offered by UiTM include degrees at doctoral, master, bachelor, diploma and certificate levels. There are 286 programmes based on science and technology while another 184 programmes are non-science and technology. In addition, 94 professional programmes (local and international) are offered by UiTM. This includes programmes certified by University of London International Programmes, the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA), the Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators (ICSA), the Chartered Institute of Transport (CIT), the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE), the Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB), London College of Printing, Institute and Faculty of Actuaries of United Kingdom[24] and many more.[25]

In 1973, UiTM (then ITM) established ITM-Off Campus with the aim to provide opportunities for working adults to further and obtain a quality tertiary education. Classes are held after office hours on weekdays and on weekends, and courses are patterned after the full-time mainstream programs. The success of external program propelled UiTM toward embarking upon the distance mode.[17] After several improvements and revolution, Institute of Neo Education (iNED) was formed in 2012 offering several diploma and degree courses on distance and out-campus mode.[26]


Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) is a self-described "research-intensive entrepreneurial university"[27] considered by the QS World University Rankings to have "very high research activity".[28] In 2011, UiTM's research publication was ranked 5th nationwide by Web of Science.[29] Scopus reported, a total of 6,863 papers has been published in academic journals by UiTM faculties from 2009 until 2013. It was cited in 7,479 papers with 32.7% of it was self-cited by UiTM's researchers.[28]

Institute of Research Management & Innovation (IRMI) is the research arm of the university. It was created to manage research, consultancy, intellectual property protection, commercialisation, initiate new research and innovation activities. IRMI conducts seminars, workshops and roadshows to encourage and train the academics and non-academic staff on research and consultancy, securing research grants and projects, managing their finances and publishing research work. It also handles the university’s Research Ethics Committee. In the same vein, IRMI organises expositions of innovations and research to encourage innovations and inventions within the university’s environment.[30]

UiTM, in the Shah Alam main campus and its satellite campuses in the Klang Valley, has been focusing on research excellence and postgraduate training since 2009 in response to the 10th Malaysia Plan, which include the Research and Development (R&D) Roadmap Action Plan. The UiTM R&D Roadmap specifically emphasised on two research performance indicators, namely to increase number of principal investigators and students to publish in Web of Science and Scopus journals. Research funding in UiTM has been steadily increasing from just over RM14 million in 2006 to RM50.4 million in 2011. Social science and humanities research made up around 20% of the secured funding.[29]

To steer Malaysia towards becoming an innovation-based and knowledge-based economy, Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) in 2009 recognised six research institutions as Higher Institutions Centre of Excellence (HICoE) including UiTM's Accounting Research Institute (ARI) for its research niche area in Islamic Finance Criminology.[31] In 2014, UiTM's Malaysian Institute of Transport (MITRANS) conferred as HICoE for the niche area of Halalan Toyyibban Supply Chain.[32] Six UiTM's research institutions has been granted Centre of Excellence (CoE) status namely Institute of Science (IOS), Institute of Infrastructure and Environmental Services and Management (IIESM), Institute of Pathology, Medical and Forensic Laboratory (I-PPerForm), Atta-Ur-Rahman Institute for Natural Product Discovery (AuRIns), Integrative Pharmacogenomic Centre (iPROMISE), and Institute of Business Excellence (IBE).[33]


QS World University Rankings
Year World Asia Malaysia Ref
2017 701+ 181 8 [40]
2018 751-800 158 9 [40]
2019 751-800 137 12 [40]
2020 651-700 - 12 [40]
2019 QS World University Rankings by Subject[40]
Subject Score World Malaysia
Accounting & Finance-251–3005
Engineering & Technology68.42907
Social Sciences & Management62.33246
Business & Management Studies-301-3506
Material Sciences-301-3506
Engineering - Mechanical, Aeronautical & Manufacturing - 301-350 8
Arts & Humanities 60.2 383 5
Engineering - Electrical & Electronic - 351-400 7
Economics and Econometrics - 351-400 6

As one of the leading universities in Malaysia, UiTM has been rated positively by local and international bodies. In 2010, UiTM was rated 'Tier 5: Excellent' in the 2009 Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) Rating System for Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia (SETARA '09).[41] UiTM maintained its rating of 'Tier 5: Excellent' in the 2011 Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) Rating System for Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia (SETARA '11).[42] In the same year, UiTM was rated 2 stars in 2011 Malaysian Research Assessment Instrument (MyRA) where universities are given “star ratings” for their research, development and commercialisation efforts.[43] In 2013, UiTM was awarded by Ministry of Higher Education as Entrepreneurial University Of The Year.[44]

In global rankings, UiTM best performance was in 2014 when it positioned as 168th best university in Asia, despite maintaining its 7th position locally.[45] In 2016, five subjects were ranked in QS World University Ranking by Subject, an increase of two subjects from 2015 ranking.[46]

International partners

The university holds a number of formal links with institutions from around the world to share teaching and research and facilitate staff and student exchanges. As of June 2019, a total of 25 universities engagement, 9 embassies and 2 others have been identified as global partners.[47]


  • Xi’an Peihua University
  • Indiana University Alumni Association
  • Universitas Andalas
  • Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)
  • Linyi University, Shandong
  • University of Texas Arington
  • Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT)
  • Universitas Jayabaya, Jakarta
  • Hokkaido University
  • National Institute of Technology, Kagawa College
  • Bunkyo Gakuin University
  • University Grant Commission of Bangladesh
  • Bhagwant University Ajmer
  • Shibaura Institute of Technology (SIT)
  • OHIO University              
  • Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
  • Reutingen University
  • Ritsumeikan University
  • Bunkyo Gakuin University
  • Toyo University
  • Kangwon National University
  • Shandong Xiehie University
  • University of Cincinnati, Ohio
  • The University of Texas, Arlington
  • Brunei University


  • Canadian Embassy
  • Embassy of The People’s Republic of China in Malaysia (3)
  • Embassy of The State of Kuwait
  • Embassy of Czech Republic
  • Consulate General Malaysia in Shanghai
  • Embassy of The Federal Republic of Somalia
  • Embassy of The Republic of Uzbekistan


  • Skype Meeting Better Futures
  • APA/E 2019


UiTM graduates have found success in a wide variety of fields, and have served at the heads of diverse institutions both in the public and private sector. As of November 2014, more than 600,000 alumni have graduated from UiTM over the course of its history.[45] A dedicated UiTM Office of Alumni Relations was established in 2000 which aims to maintaining and updating a database of alumni in collaboration with faculties and campuses; promote strategic relationships; maximising social capital and to promote the generation of income through entrepreneurial activity with alumni.[48] Fraternity among alumnus was further uphold with the establishment of UiTM Budiman Foundation which helps the needy students and give financial support to current student who further studies in postgrad level.[49] Some of the notable alumni include the following:

  • Aqilah Zainuddin: Talented Singer


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