United States women's national soccer team

The United States women's national soccer team (USWNT) represents the United States in international women's soccer. The team is the most successful in international women's soccer, winning four Women's World Cup titles (including the first Women's World Cup in 1991), four Olympic gold medals (including the first Olympic women's soccer tournament in 1996), and eight CONCACAF Gold Cups. It medaled in every World Cup and Olympic tournament in women's soccer history from 1991 to 2015, before being knocked out in the quarterfinal of the 2016 Summer Olympics. The team is governed by United States Soccer Federation and competes in CONCACAF (the Confederation of North, Central American, and Caribbean Association Football).

United States
Nickname(s)US Women's Team
The Stars and Stripes
AssociationUnited States Soccer Federation
ConfederationCONCACAF
(North, Central America, and the Caribbean)
Sub-confederationNAFU (North America)
Head coachVlatko Andonovski
CaptainCarli Lloyd
Alex Morgan
Megan Rapinoe
Most capsKristine Lilly (354)
Top scorerAbby Wambach (184)
FIFA codeUSA
First colors
Second colors
FIFA ranking
Current 1 (September 27, 2019)[1]
Highest1 (various; current since June 2017)
Lowest2 (various; last in March 2017)
First international
 Italy 1–0 United States 
(Jesolo, Italy; August 18, 1985)
Biggest win
 United States 14–0 Dominican Rep. 
(Vancouver, Canada; January 20, 2012)
Biggest defeat
 Brazil 4–0 United States 
(Hangzhou, China; September 27, 2007)
World Cup
Appearances8 (first in 1991)
Best resultChampions: 1991, 1999, 2015, 2019
Olympic Games
Appearances6 (first in 1996)
Best result Gold: 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012
CONCACAF Championship
& Gold Cup
Appearances9 (first in 1991)
Best resultChampions: 1991, 1993, 1994, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2014, 2018

After being ranked No. 2 on average from 2003 to 2008 in the FIFA Women's World Rankings,[2] the team was ranked No. 1 continuously from March 2008 to November 2014,[3] falling back behind Germany, the only other team to occupy the No. 1 position in the ranking's history. The team dropped to 2nd on March 24, 2017, due to its last-place finish in the 2017 SheBelieves Cup, then returned to 1st on June 23, 2017, after victories in friendlies against Russia, Sweden, and Norway.[4] The team was selected as the U.S. Olympic Committee's Team of the Year in 1997 and 1999,[5] and Sports Illustrated chose the entire team as 1999 Sportswomen of the Year for its usual Sportsman of the Year honor.[6] On April 5, 2017, U.S. Women's Soccer and U.S. Soccer reached a deal on a new collective bargaining agreement that would, among other things, lead to a pay increase.[7]

History

Origins in the 1980s

The passing of Title IX in 1972, which outlawed gender-based discrimination for federally-funded education programs, spurred the creation of college soccer teams across the United States at a time when women's soccer was rising in popularity internationally.[8] The U.S. Soccer Federation tasked coach Mike Ryan to select a roster of college players to participate in the 1985 Mundialito tournament in Italy, its first foray into women's international soccer.[9] The team played its first match on August 18, 1985, losing 1–0 to Italy, and finished the tournament in fourth place after failing to win its remaining matches against Denmark and England.[10][11]

University of North Carolina coach Anson Dorrance was hired as the team's first full-time manager in 1986 with the goal of fielding a competitive women's team at the next Mundialito and at future tournaments.[11] In their first Mundialito under Dorrance, the United States defeated China, Brazil, and Japan before finishing as runners-up to Italy.[12] Dorrance gave national team appearances to teenage players, including future stars Mia Hamm, Julie Foudy, and Kristine Lilly, instead of the college players preferred by the federation.[13] The United States played in the 1988 FIFA Women's Invitation Tournament in China, a FIFA-sanctioned competition to test the feasibility of a regular women's championship, and lost in the quarterfinals to eventual champions Norway.[11]

1990s

Following the 1988 tournament, FIFA announced plans for a new women's tournament, named the 1st FIFA World Championship for Women's Football for the M&M's Cup until it was retroactively given the "World Cup" name. The United States qualified for the tournament by winning the inaugural CONCACAF Women's Championship, hosted by Haiti in April 1991, outscoring their opponents 49–0 for the sole CONCACAF berth in the tournament.[11][14] The team played several exhibition matches abroad against European opponents to prepare for the world championship, while its players quit their regular jobs to train full-time with meager compensation.[15][16] Dorrance utilized a 4–3–3 formation that was spearheaded by the "Triple-Edged Sword" of forward Michelle Akers-Stahl and wingers Carin Jennings and April Heinrichs.[17]

At the Women's World Cup, the United States won all three of its group stage matches and outscored its opponents 11–2. In the opening match against Sweden, the U.S. took a 3–0 lead early in the second half, but conceded two goals to end the match with a narrower 3–2 victory. The U.S. proceeded to win 5–0 in its second match against Brazil and 3–0 in its third match against Japan in the following days, clinching first place in the group and a quarterfinal berth.[18] The United States proceeded with a 7–0 victory in the quarterfinals over Chinese Taipei, fueled by a five-goal performance by Akers-Stahl in the first fifty minutes of the match.[18]

In the semifinals against Germany, Carin Jennings scored a hat-trick in the first half as the team clinched a place in the final with a 5–2 victory.[19] The team's lopsided victories in the earlier rounds had brought attention from American media outlets, but the final match was not televised live in the U.S.[18] The United States won the inaugural Women's World Cup title by defeating Norway 2–1 in the final, played in front of 65,000 spectators at Tianhe Stadium in Guangzhou, as Akers-Stahl scored twice to create and restore a lead for the Americans.[20] Akers-Stahl finished as the top goalscorer at the tournament, with ten goals, and Carin Jennings was awarded the Golden Ball as the tournament's best player.[21]

Despite their Women's World Cup victory, the U.S. team remained in relative obscurity and received a small welcome from several U.S. Soccer Federation officials upon arrival at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City.[22] The team were given fewer resources and little attention from the federation as they focused on improving the men's national team in preparation for the 1994 men's World Cup that would be hosted in the United States.[23] The women's team was placed on hiatus after the tournament, only playing twice in 1992, but returned the following year to play in several tournaments hosted in Cyprus, Canada, and the United States, including a second CONCACAF Championship title. The program was still supported better than those of the former Soviet Union, where football was considered a "men's game".[24][23][25]

The United States played in several friendly tournaments to prepare for the 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup and its qualification campaign. The first was the inaugural staging of the Algarve Cup in Portugal, which saw the team win its two group stage matches but lose 1–0 to Norway in the final. It followed by a victory in the Chiquita Cup, an exhibition tournament hosted in August on the U.S. East Coast against Germany, China, and Norway.[26][27] Dorrance resigned from his position as head coach in early August and was replaced by his assistant, Tony DiCicco, a former professional goalkeeper who played in the American Soccer League.[23][28] DiCicco led the United States to a berth in the Women's World Cup by winning the 1994 CONCACAF Championship, where the team scored 36 goals and conceded only one.[26]

In February 1995, the U.S. women's program opened a permanent training and treatment facility in Sanford, Florida, and began a series of warm-up friendlies that were paid for by American company Nike.[29] The team topped their group in the Women's World Cup, despite a 3–3 tie with China in the opening match and losing goalkeeper Brianna Scurry to a red card in their second match. The United States proceeded to beat Japan 4–0 in the quarterfinals, but lost 1–0 to eventual champions Norway in the semifinals. The team finished in third place, winning 2–0 in its consolation match against China.

The team won the gold medal in the inaugural Olympic women's soccer tournament in the 1996 Summer Olympics, defeating China 2–1 in the final before a crowd of 76,481 fans.[30] Julie Foudy, Kristine Lilly, and the rest of the 1999 team started a revolution towards women's team sports in America. An influential victory came in the 1999 World Cup, when they defeated China 5–4 in a penalty shoot-out following a 0–0 draw after extended time.[31] With this win they emerged onto the world stage and brought significant media attention to women's soccer and athletics. On July 10, 1999, over 90,000 people (the largest ever for a women's sporting event and one of the largest attendances in the world for a tournament game final) filled the Rose Bowl to watch the United States play China in the Final. After a back and forth game, the score was tied 0–0 at full-time, and remained so after extra time, leading to a penalty kick shootout. With Briana Scurry's save of China's third kick, the score was 4–4 with only Brandi Chastain left to shoot. She scored and won the game for the United States. Chastain dropped to her knees and whipped off her shirt, celebrating in her sports bra, which later made the cover of Sports Illustrated and the front pages of newspapers around the country and world.[32] This win influenced many girls to want to play on a soccer team.[33]

2000s

In the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated Norway 1–0 in the quarterfinals, but lost 0–3 to Germany in the semifinals. The team then defeated Canada 3–1 to claim third place.[34] Abby Wambach was the team's top scorer with three goals, while Joy Fawcett and Shannon Boxx made the tournament's all-star team.

At the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated England 3–0 in the quarterfinals but then suffered its most lopsided loss in team history when it lost to Brazil 0–4 in the semifinals.[35] The U.S. recovered to defeat Norway to take third place. Abby Wambach was the team's leading scorer with 6 goals, and Kristine Lilly was the only American named to the tournament's all-star team.

The team earned gold medals in both the 2004 and 2008 Olympics, but interest in the Women's National Team had diminished since their performance in the '99 World Cup. However, the second women's professional league was created in March 2009, Women's Professional Soccer.

2010s

In the quarterfinal of the 2011 Women's World Cup in Germany, the U.S. defeated Brazil 5–3 on penalty kicks. Abby Wambach's goal in the 122nd minute to tie the game 2–2 has been voted the greatest goal in U.S. soccer history and the greatest goal in Women's World Cup history.[36][37] The U.S. then beat France 3–1 in the semifinal, but lost to Japan 3–1 on penalty kicks in the Final after drawing 1–1 in regulation and 2–2 in overtime. Hope Solo was named the tournament's best goalkeeper and Abby Wambach won the silver ball as the tournament's second best player.

In the 2012 Summer Olympics, the U.S. won the gold medal for the fourth time in five Olympics by defeating Japan 2–1 in front of 80,203 fans at Wembley Stadium, a record for a women's soccer game at the Olympics.[38] The United States advanced to face Japan for the gold medal by winning the semifinal against Canada, a 4–3 victory at the end of extra time.[39] The 2012 London Olympics marked the first time the USWNT won every game en route to the gold medal and set an Olympic women's team record of 16 goals scored.[39]

The National Women's Soccer League started in 2013, and provided competitive games as well as opportunities to players on the fringes of the squad.[40][41] The U.S. had a 43-game unbeaten streak that spanned two years  the streak began with a 4–0 win over Sweden in the 2012 Algarve Cup, and came to an end after a 1–0 loss against Sweden in the 2014 Algarve Cup.[42][43]

The USA defeated Japan 5–2 in the final of the 2015 World Cup, becoming the first team in history to win three Women's World Cup titles. In the 16th minute, Carli Lloyd achieved the fastest hat-trick from kick-off in World Cup history, and Abby Wambach was greeted with a standing ovation for her last World Cup match.[44] Following their 2015 World Cup win, the team was honored with a ticker tape parade in New York City, the first for a women's sports team, and honored by President Barack Obama at the White House.[45] On December 16, 2015, however, a 0–1 loss to China in Wambach's last game meant the team's first home loss since 2004, ending their 104-game home unbeaten streak.[46]

In the 2016 Summer Olympics, the U.S. drew against Sweden in the quarterfinal; in the following penalty kick phase, Sweden won the game 4–3. The loss marked the first time that the USWNT did not advance to the gold medal game of the Olympics, and the first time that the USWNT failed to advance to the semifinal round of a major tournament.[47]

After the defeat in the 2016 Olympics, the USWNT underwent a year of experimentation which saw them losing 3 home games. If not for a comeback win against Brazil, the USWNT was on the brink of losing 4 home games in one year, a low never before seen by the USWNT. 2017 saw the USWNT play 12 games against teams ranked in the top-15 in the world.[48]

Throughout 2018, the U.S. would pick up two major tournament wins, winning both the SheBelieves Cup[49] and the Tournament of Nations.[50] The team would enter qualifying for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup on a 21-game unbeaten streak and dominated the competition, winning all five of its games and the tournament whilst qualifying for the World Cup as well as scoring 18 goals and conceding none.[51] On November 8, 2018, the U.S. earned their 500th victory in team history after a 1–0 victory over Portugal.[52] The start of 2019 saw the U.S. lose an away game to France, 3–1, marking the end of a 28-game unbeaten streak and their first loss since a 1–0 defeat to Australia in July 2017.[53]

The USWNT started off their 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup campaign with a 13–0 victory against Thailand, setting a new Women's World Cup record. Alex Morgan equaled Michelle Akers' record of scoring five goals in a single World Cup match, while four of her teammates scored their first World Cup goals in their debut at the tournament.[54] The U.S. would win its next match against Chile 3–0[55] before concluding the group stage with a win of 2–0 over Sweden.[56] The team emerged as the winners of Group F and would go on to face Spain in the Round of 16, whom they would defeat 2–1 thanks to a pair of Megan Rapinoe penalties.[57] The team would achieve identical results in their next two games. With 2–1 victories over France[58] and then England[59] seeing them advance to a record third straight World Cup final, they played against the Netherlands for the title. They beat the Netherlands 2-0 in the final on July 7, 2019, becoming the first team in history to win four Women's World Cup titles.

On July 30, 2019, Jill Ellis announced that she would step down as head coach following the conclusion of the team's post-World Cup victory tour on October 6, 2019.[60]

Team image

Media coverage

U.S. TV coverage for the five Women's World Cups from 1995 to 2011 was provided by ESPN/ABC and Univision,[61][62] while coverage rights for the three Women's World Cups from 2015 to 2023 were awarded to Fox Sports and Telemundo.[63][64] In May 2014 a deal was signed to split TV coverage of other USWNT games between ESPN, Fox Sports, and Univision through the end of 2022.[65] The USWNT games in the 2014 CONCACAF Women's Championship and the 2015 Algarve Cup were broadcast by Fox Sports.[66][67] NBC will broadcast the Olympic tournament through 2032.[68]

The 1999 World Cup final set the original record for largest US television audience for a women's soccer match with 18 million viewers on average[69][70] and was the most viewed English-language US broadcast of any soccer match until the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final between the United States and Japan.[71]

The 2015 Women's World Cup Final between the US and Japan was the most watched soccer match – men's or women's – in American broadcast history.[72] It averaged 23 million viewers and higher ratings than the NBA finals and the Stanley Cup finals.[72][73] The final was also the most watched US-Spanish language broadcast of a FIFA Women's World Cup match in history.

Overall, there were over 750 million viewers for the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, making it the most watched Women's World Cup in history. The FIFA Women's World Cup is now the second most watched FIFA tournament, with only the men's FIFA World Cup attracting more viewership.[74]

Attendance

The 1999 World Cup final, in which the USA defeated China, set a world attendance record for a women's sporting event of 90,185 in a sellout at the Rose Bowl in Southern California.[75] The record for Olympic women's soccer attendance was set by the 2012 Olympic final between the USWNT and Japan, with 80,023 spectators at Wembley Stadium.[76]

Collective bargaining

In recent years, the players of the USWNT have waged an escalating legal fight with the United States Soccer Federation over gender discrimination. Central to their demands is equal pay. The players point to their lower paychecks as compared to the U.S. men's national team, despite their higher record of success in recent years.[77]

In April 2016, five players filed a wage-discrimination action against the U.S. Soccer Federation with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.[78] The group consisted of Hope Solo, Carli Lloyd, Alex Morgan, Megan Rapinoe, and Becky Sauerbrunn.

One year later, in April 2017, it was announced that a new collective bargaining agreement, or CBA, with U.S soccer had been made. The agreement stated that the players would have an increased base pay and improved match bonuses. These changes could increase their previous pay from $200,000 to $300,000. This 2017 CBA, however, does not guarantee the U.S national women's team equal pay with the men's national team. The CBA's five-year term, through 2021, ensured that the next negotiation would not become an issue for the team in its next major competitions. On top of this CBA, U.S Soccer had agreed to pay the players for two years' worth of unequal per-diem payments.[79]

On March 8, 2019, all 28 members of the U.S. team filed a gender discrimination lawsuit against the United States Soccer Federation.[80] The lawsuit, filed in the United States District Court in Los Angeles, accused the Federation of "institutional gender discrimination."[81] The lawsuit claims that the discrimination affects not only the amount the players are paid but also their playing, training, and travel conditions.

Staff

Coaching staff

RoleNameStart date
Head coach Vlatko Andonovski October 2019
Assistant coach Milan Ivanovic November 2019
Goalkeeper coach Graeme Abel March 2015
Talent identification B.J. Snow February 2017

Technical staff

Role Name Start date
Sporting director Earnie Stewart August 2019
General manager Kate Markgraf August 2019

Team

Current squad

The following 24 players were named to the roster for a training camp on December 9–14, 2019.[82]

Caps and goals are current as of November 10, 2019, after match against  Costa Rica.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Jane Campbell (1995-02-17) February 17, 1995 3 0 Houston Dash
1GK Casey Murphy (1996-04-25) April 25, 1996 0 0 Reign FC

2DF Hailie Mace (1997-03-24) March 24, 1997 3 0 FC Rosengård
2DF Margaret Purce (1995-09-18) September 18, 1995 1 0 Portland Thorns
2DF Maycee Bell (2000-09-18) September 18, 2000 0 0 North Carolina Tar Heels
2DF Malia Berkely (1998-02-13) February 13, 1998 0 0 Florida State Seminoles
2DF Imani Dorsey (1996-03-21) March 21, 1996 0 0 Sky Blue FC
2DF Sarah Gorden (1992-09-13) September 13, 1992 0 0 Chicago Red Stars
2DF Kiara Pickett (1999-04-30) April 30, 1999 0 0 Stanford Cardinal
2DF Kaleigh Riehl (1996-10-21) October 21, 1996 0 0 Penn State Nittany Lions

3MF Kristie Mewis (1991-02-25) February 25, 1991 15 1 Houston Dash
3MF Vanessa DiBernardo (1992-05-15) May 15, 1992 0 0 Chicago Red Stars
3MF Jordan DiBiasi (1996-10-28) October 28, 1996 0 0 Washington Spirit
3MF Jaelin Howell (1999-11-21) November 21, 1999 0 0 Florida State Seminoles
3MF Sarah Killion (1992-07-27) July 27, 1992 0 0 Sky Blue FC
3MF Brianna Pinto (2000-05-24) May 24, 2000 0 0 North Carolina Tar Heels
3MF Ashley Sanchez (1999-03-16) March 16, 1999 0 0 UCLA Bruins

4FW Ashley Hatch (1995-05-25) May 25, 1995 2 0 Washington Spirit
4FW Bethany Balcer (1997-03-07) March 7, 1997 0 0 Reign FC
4FW Makamae Gomera-Stevens (1999-03-17) March 17, 1999 0 0 Washington State Cougars
4FW Paige Monaghan (1996-11-13) November 13, 1996 0 0 Sky Blue FC
4FW Sophia Smith (2000-08-10) August 10, 2000 0 0 Stanford Cardinal
4FW Ally Watt (1997-03-12) March 12, 1997 0 0 Texas A&M Aggies
4FW Morgan Weaver (1997-10-18) October 18, 1997 0 0 Washington State Cougars

Recent call-ups

The following players were also named to a squad in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Alyssa Naeher (1988-04-20) April 20, 1988 57 0 Chicago Red Stars v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
GK Ashlyn Harris (1985-10-19) October 19, 1985 24 0 Orlando Pride v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
GK Adrianna Franch (1990-11-12) November 12, 1990 3 0 Portland Thorns v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
GK Aubrey Bledsoe (1991-11-20) November 20, 1991 0 0 Sydney FC v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019

DF Emily Fox (1998-07-05) July 5, 1998 3 0 North Carolina Tar Heels Training camp; December 9–14, 2019 PRE
DF Naomi Girma (2000-06-14) June 14, 2000 0 0 Stanford Cardinal Training camp; December 9–14, 2019 PRE
DF Becky Sauerbrunn (1985-06-06) June 6, 1985 171 0 Utah Royals v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
DF Abby Dahlkemper (1993-05-13) May 13, 1993 53 0 North Carolina Courage v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
DF Emily Sonnett (1993-11-25) November 25, 1993 40 0 Portland Thorns v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
DF Casey Short (1990-08-23) August 23, 1990 31 0 Chicago Red Stars v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
DF Alana Cook (1997-04-11) April 11, 1997 1 0 Paris Saint-Germain v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
DF Kelley O'Hara (1988-08-04) August 4, 1988 125 2 Utah Royals v.  South Korea; October 6, 2019
DF Ali Krieger (1984-07-28) July 28, 1984 104 1 Orlando Pride v.  South Korea; October 6, 2019
DF Crystal Dunn (1992-07-03) July 3, 1992 96 24 North Carolina Courage v.  South Korea; October 6, 2019
DF Tierna Davidson (1998-09-19) September 19, 1998 25 1 Chicago Red Stars v.  South Korea; October 6, 2019
DF Merritt Mathias (1990-07-02) July 2, 1990 1 0 North Carolina Courage 2019 SheBelieves Cup PRE

MF Danielle Colaprico (1993-05-06) May 6, 1993 2 0 Chicago Red Stars Training camp; December 9–14, 2019 PRE
MF Julie Ertz (1992-04-06) April 6, 1992 95 19 Chicago Red Stars v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
MF Morgan Brian (1993-02-26) February 26, 1993 87 8 Chicago Red Stars v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
MF Lindsey Horan (1994-05-26) May 26, 1994 78 12 Portland Thorns v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
MF Sam Mewis (1992-10-09) October 9, 1992 60 14 North Carolina Courage v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
MF Allie Long (1987-08-13) August 13, 1987 51 8 Reign FC v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
MF Rose Lavelle (1995-05-14) May 14, 1995 38 10 Washington Spirit v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
MF Andi Sullivan (1995-12-20) December 20, 1995 15 0 Washington Spirit v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
MF McCall Zerboni (1986-12-13) December 13, 1986 9 0 North Carolina Courage v.  Belgium; April 7, 2019

FW Madison Haley (1998-10-25) October 25, 1998 0 0 Stanford Cardinal Training camp; December 9–14, 2019 PRE
FW Carli Lloyd (co-captain) (1982-07-16) July 16, 1982 288 121 Sky Blue FC v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
FW Tobin Heath (1988-05-29) May 29, 1988 162 32 Portland Thorns v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
FW Christen Press (1988-12-29) December 29, 1988 130 51 Utah Royals v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
FW Mallory Pugh (1998-04-29) April 29, 1998 62 18 Washington Spirit v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
FW Lynn Williams (1993-05-21) May 21, 1993 21 6 Western Sydney Wanderers v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
FW Jessica McDonald (1988-02-28) February 28, 1988 14 2 North Carolina Courage v.  Costa Rica; November 10, 2019
FW Alex Morgan (co-captain) (1989-07-02) July 2, 1989 169 107 Orlando Pride v.  South Korea; October 6, 2019
FW Megan Rapinoe (co-captain) (1985-07-05) July 5, 1985 160 50 Reign FC v.  South Korea; October 6, 2019
FW Kristen Hamilton (1992-04-17) April 17, 1992 1 0 Western Sydney Wanderers v.  Portugal; September 3, 2019

Notes:

  • PRE: Preliminary squad

Recent schedule and results

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

2019

2020

Competitive record

For results in minor tournaments, see the History of the United States women's national football team

All-time results

As of November 10, 2019
Year M W D L GF GA Athlete of the Year Scoring leader G Assist leader A Coach Major tournam. result
1985 4 0 1 3 3 7 Sharon Remer Michelle Akers 2 Mike Ryan
1986 7 5 0 2 13 6 April Heinrichs Marcia McDermott 4 Anson Dorrance
1987 11 6 1 4 23 9 Carin Gabarra April Heinrichs 7
1988 8 3 2 3 10 9 Joy Fawcett Carin Gabarra 5 C. Gabarra,
K. Lilly
2
1989 1 0 1 0 0 0 April Heinrichs (none) (none)
1990 6 6 0 0 26 3 Michelle Akers Michelle Akers 9 Kristine Lilly 3
1991 28 21 1 6 122 22 Michelle Akers 39 Carin Gabarra 21 World Cup (Champions)
1992 2 0 0 2 3 7 Carin Gabarra (3 players tied) 1 Tisha Venturini 2
1993 17 13 0 4 54 7 Kristine Lilly Mia Hamm 10 Michelle Akers 6
1994 13 12 0 1 59 6 Mia Hamm Michelle Akers 11 7
1995 25 21 2 2 82 16 Mia Hamm 19 Mia Hamm 18 Tony DiCicco World Cup (3rd place)
1996 24 21 2 1 80 17 Tiffeny Milbrett 13 18 Olympics (Gold medal)
1997 18 16 0 2 67 13 Mia Hamm 18 Tiffeny Milbrett 14
1998 25 22 2 1 89 12 20 Mia Hamm 20
1999 29 25 2 2 111 15 Michelle Akers Tiffeny Milbrett 21 16 World Cup (Champions)
2000 41 26 9 6 124 34 Tiffeny Milbrett Cindy Parlow 19 14 L. Gregg,
A. Heinrichs
Olympics (Silver medal)
2001 10 3 2 5 13 15 Tiffeny Milbrett 3 2 April Heinrichs
2002 19 15 2 2 69 11 Shannon MacMillan Shannon MacMillan 17 Aly Wagner 11
2003 23 17 4 2 58 14 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 9 Mia Hamm 9 World Cup (3rd place)
2004 34 28 4 2 104 23 31 Mia Hamm 22 Olympics (Gold medal)
2005 9 8 1 0 24 0 Kristine Lilly Christie Welsh 7 A. Wagner,
A. Wambach
5 Greg Ryan
2006 22 18 4 0 57 10 Abby Wambach 17 Abby Wambach 8
2007 24 19 4 1 63 17 Abby Wambach 20 Kristine Lilly 8 World Cup (3rd place)
2008 36 33 2 1 84 17 Carli Lloyd Natasha Kai 15 H. O'Reilly,
A. Wambach
10 Pia Sundhage Olympics (Gold medal)
2009 8 7 1 0 12 1 Hope Solo (3 players tied) 2 Heather O'Reilly 3
2010 18 15 2 1 48 8 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 16 Lori Lindsey 7
2011 20 13 4 3 40 16 8 L. Holiday,
M. Rapinoe
5 World Cup (2nd place)
2012 32 28 3 1 119 21 Alex Morgan Alex Morgan 28 Alex Morgan 21 P. Sundhage,
J. Ellis
Olympics (Gold medal)
2013 16 13 3 0 56 11 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 11 L. Holiday,
A. Wambach
6 Tom Sermanni
2014 24 16 5 3 79 15 Lauren Holiday Carli Lloyd 15 Carli Lloyd 8 T. Sermanni,
J. Ellis
2015 26 20 4 2 74 12 Carli Lloyd 18 Megan Rapinoe 10 Jill Ellis World Cup (Champions)
2016 25 22 0 3 92 10 Tobin Heath C. Lloyd,
A. Morgan
17 Carli Lloyd 11 Olympics (Quarter-finals)
2017 16 12 1 3 40 13 Julie Ertz Alex Morgan 7 Megan Rapinoe 5
2018 20 18 2 0 65 10 Alex Morgan 18 12
2019 23 19 3 1 74 14 Julie Ertz[83] Carli Lloyd 16 Christen Press 12 J. Ellis,
V. Andonovski
World Cup (Champions)
Total 66452174692,037421
Sources[84][85][86][87]

Major

The two highest-profile tournaments the U.S. team participates in are the quadrennial FIFA Women's World Cup and the quadrennial Olympic Games.

World Cup

The team has participated in every World Cup through 2019 and won a medal in each.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
1991 Champion6600255Anson Dorrance
1995 Third Place6411155Tony DiCicco
1999 Champion6510183
2003 Third Place6501155April Heinrichs
2007 Third Place6411127Greg Ryan
2011 Second Place6321137Pia Sundhage
2015 Champion7610143Jill Ellis
2019 Champion7700263
Total8/850406413838

Olympic Games

The team has participated in every Olympic tournament through 2016 and reached the gold medal game in each until 2016, when they were eliminated in the quarterfinals on a penalty shootout loss to Sweden.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
1996 Gold medal541093Tony DiCicco
2000 Silver medal531195April Heinrichs
2004 Gold medal6510124
2008 Gold medal6501125Pia Sundhage
2012 Gold medal6600166
2016 5th place422063Jill Ellis
2020 TBD-not yet qualified
2024
2028 Qualified as host
Total6/63326526325

Minor

CONCACAF Championship and Gold Cup

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
1991 Champion5500490Anson Dorrance
1993 Champion3300130
1994 Champion4400161Tony DiCicco
1998Did not participate1
2000 Champion5410241April Heinrichs
2002 Champion5500241
2006 Champion220041Greg Ryan
2010 Third place5401222Pia Sundhage
2014 Champion5500210Jill Ellis
2018 Champion5500260
Total8/93937111996

1 The US team directly qualified for the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup as hosts of the event. Because of this, they did not participate in the 1998 CONCACAF Championship, which was the qualification tournament for the World Cup.

Algarve Cup

The Algarve Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's football hosted by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). Held annually in the Algarve region of Portugal since 1994, it has been one of the more prestigious women's football events other than the Women's World Cup and Women's Olympic Football.[88] Since 2016, the SheBelieves Cup replaced it on the US team's schedule.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
1994 Runners-Up320161Tony DiCicco
1995 4th Place421185
1996Did not enter
1997
1998 Third Place4301106Tony DiCicco
1999 Runners-Up421184
2000 Champions4400111April Heinrichs
20016th Place410359
20025th Place421186
2003 Champions422052
2004 Champions4301115
2005 Champions440090Greg Ryan
2006 Runners-Up422091
2007 Champions440083
2008 Champions4400121Pia Sundhage
2009 Runners-Up431051
2010 Champions440093
2011 Champions4400123
2012 Third Place4301112
2013 Champions4310111Tom Sermanni
20147th Place411277
2015 Champions431071Jill Ellis
Total[89]20/227956111217262

SheBelieves Cup

The SheBelieves Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's football hosted in the United States.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
2016 Champions330041Jill Ellis
2017 4th Place310214
2018 Champions321031
2019 Runners-Up312054
Total4/4127321310

Tournament of Nations

The Tournament of Nations is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's football hosted in the United States in non-World Cup and non-Olympic years.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
2017 Runners-Up320174Jill Ellis
2018 Champions321094
Total2/26411168

Player records

As of November 10, 2019. Active players are shown in Bold.

The women's national team boasts the first six players in the history of the game to have earned 200 caps. These players have since been joined in the 200-cap club by several players from other national teams, as well as by five more Americans: Kate Markgraf, Abby Wambach, Heather O'Reilly, Carli Lloyd and Hope Solo. Kristine Lilly and Christie Rampone are the only players to earn more than 300 caps.

In March 2004, Mia Hamm and Michelle Akers were the only two women and the only two Americans named to the FIFA 100, a list of the 125 greatest living football players chosen by Pelé as part of FIFA's centenary observances.

The USWNT All-Time Best XI was chosen In December 2013 by the United States Soccer Federation:

  • Goalkeeper: Briana Scurry
  • Defenders: Brandi Chastain, Carla Overbeck, Christie Rampone, Joy Fawcett
  • Midfielders: Kristine Lilly, Michelle Akers, Julie Foudy
  • Forwards: Mia Hamm, Abby Wambach, Alex Morgan[90]

The goal record is five for most scored in a match by a member of the USWNT, which has been accomplished by eight players.

Most goals in a match
Player Date Opponent Location Competition Line-up
Brandi Chastain April 18, 1991[100] Mexico[100] Port-au-Prince, Haiti World Cup Qualifying Tournament Substitute
Michelle Akers November 24, 1991[100] Chinese Taipei[100] Foshan, China 1991 FIFA World Cup Starting
Tiffeny Milbrett November 2, 2002[100] Panama[100] Seattle, United States 2002 CONCACAF Gold Cup Starting
Abby Wambach October 23, 2004[100] Republic of Ireland[100] Houston, United States International Friendly Starting
Amy Rodriguez January 20, 2012[100] Dominican Republic[100] Vancouver, Canada 2012 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute (46')
Sydney Leroux January 22, 2012[100] Guatemala[100] Vancouver, Canada 2012 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute (46')
Crystal Dunn February 15, 2016[100] Puerto Rico[100] Frisco, United States 2016 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Starting
Alex Morgan June 11, 2019[100] Thailand[100] Reims, France 2019 FIFA World Cup Starting

Head coaches

As of November 10, 2019
NameYearsMatchesWonTiedLostWin %Pts÷MWorld CupOlympics
Mike Ryan 19854013.1250.25
Anson Dorrance 1986–19949265522.7342.17
Tony DiCicco 1994–199912110588.9012.67
Lauren Gregg 1997 (interim), 2000 (interim)3210.8332.33
April Heinrichs 2000–2004124872017.7822.27
Greg Ryan 2005–2007554591.9002.62
Pia Sundhage 2007–201210791106.8972.64
Tom Sermanni 2013–2014241842.8332.42
Jill Ellis 2012 (interim), 2014–2019132106197.8752.55 5th
Vlatko Andonovski 2019–22001.0003.00
Totals6645217766.8432.47

Source[101][102]

Honors

See also

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