United States presidential elections in Ohio

Following is a table of United States presidential elections in Ohio, ordered by year. Since its admission to statehood in 1803, Ohio has participated in every U.S. presidential election.

Presidential elections in Ohio
No. of elections54
Voted Democratic17
Voted Republican28
Voted Whig3
Voted Democratic-Republican6
Voted other0
Voted for winning candidate45
Voted for losing candidate9

Winners of the state are in bold.

Party abbreviations:


Elections from 1864 to present

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Other national
candidates[lower-alpha 1]
Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
Notes
2016 *Donald Trump (R)2,841,00651.31Hillary Clinton (D)2,394,16943.24- 18* Clinton (D) won national popular vote 48.0% to 45.9%
2012Barack Obama (D)2,827,71050.67Mitt Romney (R)2,661,43347.69-18
2008Barack Obama (D)2,940,04451.50John McCain (R)2,677,82046.91-20
2004George W. Bush (R)2,859,76850.81John Kerry (D)2,741,16748.71-20
2000 *George W. Bush (R)2,351,20949.97Al Gore (D)2,186,19046.46-21* Gore (D) won national popular vote, 48.4% to 47.9%
1996Bill Clinton (D)2,148,22247.38Bob Dole (R)1,859,88341.02Ross Perot (Reform)483,20710.6621
1992Bill Clinton (D)1,984,94240.18George H. W. Bush (R)1,894,31038.35Ross Perot1,036,42620.9821
1988George H. W. Bush (R)2,416,54955.00Michael Dukakis (D)1,939,62944.15-23
1984Ronald Reagan (R)2,678,56058.90Walter Mondale (D)1,825,44040.14-23
1980Ronald Reagan (R)2,206,54551.51Jimmy Carter (D)1,752,41440.91John B. Anderson254,4725.9425
1976Jimmy Carter (D)2,011,62148.92Gerald Ford (R)2,000,50548.65-25
1972Richard Nixon (R)2,441,82759.63George McGovern (D)1,558,88938.07-25
1968Richard Nixon (R)1,791,01445.23Hubert Humphrey (D)1,700,58642.95George Wallace (Am. Ind.)467,49511.8126
1964Lyndon B. Johnson (D)2,498,33162.94Barry Goldwater (R)1,470,86537.06-26
1960John F. Kennedy (D)1,944,24846.72Richard Nixon (R)2,217,61153.28-25
1956Dwight D. Eisenhower (R)2,262,61061.11Adlai Stevenson II (D)1,439,65538.89T. Coleman Andrews/
Unpledged Electors[lower-alpha 2]
-25
1952Dwight D. Eisenhower (R)2,100,39156.76Adlai Stevenson II (D)1,600,36743.24-25
1948Harry S. Truman (D)1,452,79149.48Thomas E. Dewey (R)1,445,68449.24Strom Thurmond (States' Rights D)-25Henry Wallace (Prog.) won 1.3% of Ohio's votes
1944Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)1,570,76349.82Thomas E. Dewey (R)1,582,29350.18-25
1940Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)1,733,13952.2Wendell Willkie (R)1,586,77347.8-26
1936Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)1,747,14057.99Alf Landon (R)1,127,85537.44-26
1932Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)1,301,69549.88Herbert Hoover (R)1,227,31947.03-26
1928Herbert Hoover (R)1,627,54664.89Al Smith (D)864,21034.45-24
1924Calvin Coolidge (R)1,176,13058.33John W. Davis (D)477,88823.7Robert M. La Follette Sr. (Prog.)357,94817.7524
1920Warren G. Harding (R)1,182,02258.47James M. Cox (D)780,03738.58-24
1916Woodrow Wilson (D)604,16151.86Charles E. Hughes (R)514,75344.18-24
1912Woodrow Wilson (D)424,83440.96Theodore Roosevelt (Prog.)229,80722.16William H. Taft (R)278,16826.8224National vote: D 41.8%, Prog 27.4% & R 23.2%
1908William H. Taft (R)572,31251.03William Jennings Bryan (D)502,72144.82-23
1904Theodore Roosevelt (R)600,09559.75Alton B. Parker (D)344,67434.32-23
1900William McKinley (R)543,91852.30William Jennings Bryan (D)474,88245.66-23
1896William McKinley (R)525,99151.86William Jennings Bryan (D & People's)477,49747.08-23
1892Grover Cleveland (D)404,11547.53Benjamin Harrison (R)405,18747.66James B. Weaver (People's)14,8501.7523Electoral vote split 22 (Harrison) to 1 (Cleveland)
1888 *Benjamin Harrison (R)416,05449.51Grover Cleveland (D)396,45547.18-23* Cleveland (D) won national popular vote, 48.6% to 47.8%
1884Grover Cleveland (R)368,28046.94James G. Blaine (R)400,08250.99-23
1880James A. Garfield (R)375,04851.73Winfield S. Hancock (D)340,82147.01James B. Weaver (Greenback Labor)6,4560.8922
1876*[1]Rutherford B. Hayes (R)330,69850.21Samuel J. Tilden (D)323,18249.07-22* Tilden (D) won a national popular majority, 50.9% to 47.9%
1872Ulysses S. Grant (R)281,85253.24Horace Greeley (D & Lib. R)244,32146.15-22
1868Ulysses S. Grant (R)280,15954.0Horatio Seymour (D)238,50646.0-21
1864Abraham Lincoln (R)265,67456.4George B. McClellan (D)205,60943.6-21

Election of 1860

The election of 1860 was a complex realigning election in which the breakdown of the previous two-party alignment culminated in four parties each competing for influence in different parts of the country. The result of the election, with the victory of an ardent opponent of slavery, spurred the secession of eleven states and brought about the American Civil War.

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
1860 Abraham Lincoln
(R)
231,709 52.3 Stephen A. Douglas
(N. Dem.)
187,421 42.3 John C. Breckinridge
(S. Dem.)
11,406 2.6 John Bell
(Const'l Union)
12,194 2.8 23

Elections from 1828 to 1856

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Other national
candidates[lower-alpha 1]
Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
Notes
1856James Buchanan (D)170,87444.21John C. Frémont (R)187,49748.51Millard Fillmore (American & Whig)28,1267.2823
1852Franklin Pierce (D)168,93347.83Winfield Scott (Whig)152,52343.18John P. Hale (Free Soil)31,7328.9823
1848Zachary Taylor (Whig)138,35942.12Lewis Cass (D)154,77347.12Martin Van Buren (Free Soil)35,34710.7623
1844James K. Polk (D)149,06147.74Henry Clay (Whig)155,11349.68-23
1840William Henry Harrison (Whig)148,15754.1Martin Van Buren (D)124,78245.57-21
1836Martin Van Buren (D)96,23847.56William Henry Harrison (Whig)104,95851.87various[lower-alpha 3]21
1832Andrew Jackson (D)81,24651.33Henry Clay (Nat'l R)76,53948.35William Wirt (Anti-Masonic)5090.3221
1828Andrew Jackson (D)67,59651.6John Quincy Adams (Nat'l R)63,45348.4-16

Election of 1824

The election of 1824 was a complex realigning election following the collapse of the prevailing Democratic-Republican Party, resulting in four different candidates each claiming to carry the banner of the party, and competing for influence in different parts of the country. The election was the only one in history to be decided by the House of Representatives under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution after no candidate secured a majority of the electoral vote. It was also the only presidential election in which the candidate who received a plurality of electoral votes (Andrew Jackson) did not become President, a source of great bitterness for Jackson and his supporters, who proclaimed the election of Adams a corrupt bargain.

Year Winner (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Loser (nationally) Votes Percent Electoral
Votes
1824*Andrew Jackson
(D-R)
12,28024.55John Quincy Adams
(D-R)
18,48936.96Henry Clay
(D-R)
19,25538.49William H. Crawford
(D-R)
no ballots16

'*'The national popular vote (outside South Carolina, whose Electors were chosen by her state legislature) was Jackson 41.4%, Adams 30.9%, Clay 12% and Crawford 11.2%

Elections of 1816 and 1820

In the election of 1820, incumbent President James Monroe ran effectively unopposed, winning all eight of Ohio’s electoral votes, and all electoral votes nationwide except one vote in New Hampshire. To the extent that a popular vote was held, it was primarily directed to filling the office of Vice President.

Year Winner (nationally) Loser(s) (nationally) Electoral
Votes
Notes
1820James Monroe (D-R)-8Monroe effectively ran unopposed.
1816James Monroe (D-R)Rufus King (Fed.)8
1812James Madison (D-R)DeWitt Clinton (Fed./D-R Fusion)7
1808James Madison (D-R)Charles C. Pinckney (Fed.)3
1804Thomas Jefferson (D-R)Charles C. Pinckney (Fed.)3

References

  1. David Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections; Ohio, 1876

Notes

  1. For purposes of these lists, other national candidates are defined as those who won at least one electoral vote, or won at least ten percent of the vote in multiple states.
  2. Was allied with a slate of unpledged electors in Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina
  3. Three other candidates ran and received electoral votes nationally as part of the unsuccessful Whig strategy to defeat Martin Van Buren by running four candidates with local appeal in different regions of the country. The others were Hugh Lawson White, Daniel Webster, and Willie Person Mangum. None of these candidates appeared on the ballot in Ohio.
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