United States District Court for the District of Maine
The U.S. District Court for the District of Maine (in case citations, D. Me.) is the U.S. district court for the state of Maine. The District of Maine was one of the original thirteen district courts established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, even though Maine was not a separate state from Massachusetts until 1820. The court is headquartered at the Edward T. Gignoux United States Courthouse in Portland, Maine and has a second courthouse in Bangor, Maine. The U.S. Attorney for the District of Maine represents the United States in criminal and civil litigation before the court. Halsey Frank was confirmed as the U.S. Attorney for the District of Maine on October 3, 2017.
|United States District Court for the District of Maine|
|Location||Edward T. Gignoux U.S. Courthouse|
|Appeals to||First Circuit|
|Established||March 30, 1820|
|Chief Judge||Jon D. Levy|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Halsey Frank|
|U.S. Marshal||Theodor G. Short|
Appeals from the District of Maine are heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The District of Maine was one of the thirteen original districts created on September 24, 1789, by the Judiciary Act of 1789, 1 Stat. 73. At the time, Maine was part of the state of Massachusetts. As with other jurisdictions of the time, the District of Maine was originally assigned a single judgeship. Not being assigned to a judicial circuit, it was granted the same jurisdiction as the United States circuit court, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the U.S. Circuit Court for the District of Massachusetts. The circuit court jurisdiction of the District of Maine was repealed on February 13, 1801 by 2 Stat. 89, and restored on March 8, 1802 by 2 Stat. 132. On March 30, 1820, shortly after Maine entered the Union, the District of Maine was assigned to the First Circuit and its internal circuit court jurisdiction was again repealed by 3 Stat. 554. A second judgeship was authorized on October 20, 1978, by, 92 Stat. 1629, and a third was authorized on December 1, 1990, by 104 Stat. 5089.
As of January 1, 2019:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|18||Chief Judge||Jon D. Levy||Portland||1954||2014–present||2019–present||—||Obama|
|17||District Judge||Nancy Torresen||Portland||1959||2011–present||2015–2018||—||Obama|
|19||District Judge||Lance E. Walker||Bangor||1972||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|12||Senior Judge||Gene Carter||Portland||1935||1983–2003||1989–1996||2003–present||Reagan|
|13||Senior Judge||D. Brock Hornby||Portland||1944||1990–2010||1996–2003||2010–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|15||Senior Judge||George Z. Singal||Portland||1945||2000–2013||2003–2009||2013–present||Clinton|
|16||Senior Judge||John A. Woodcock Jr.||Portland||1950||2003–2017||2009–2015||2017–present||G.W. Bush|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|4||Edward Fox||ME||1815–1881||1866–1881||—||—||A. Johnson||death|
|6||Clarence Hale||ME||1848–1934||1902–1922||—||1922–1934||T. Roosevelt||death|
|7||John A. Peters||ME||1864–1953||1922–1947||—||1947–1953||Harding||retirement|
|8||John David Clifford Jr.||ME||1887–1956||1947–1956||—||—||Truman||death|
|9||Edward Thaxter Gignoux||ME||1916–1988||1957–1983||1978–1983||1983–1988||Eisenhower||death|
|10||George J. Mitchell||ME||1933–present||1979–1980||—||—||Carter||resignation|
|11||Conrad K. Cyr||ME||1931–2016||1981–1989||1983–1989||—||Reagan||elevation to 1st Cir.|
|14||Morton A. Brody||ME||1933–2000||1991–2000||—||—||G.H.W. Bush||death|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seats