United Nations Day
The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945.
|United Nations Day|
|Official name||United Nations Day|
|Also called||U.N. Day|
|Type||United Nations organization|
|Celebrations||Meetings, discussions, exhibits, cultural performances|
|Next time||24 October 2020|
|Related to||World Development Information Day|
In 1948, the United Nations General Assembly declared 24 October, the anniversary of the Charter of the United Nations, as which "shall be devoted to making known to the people of the world the aims and achievements of the United Nations and to gaining their support for" its work.
In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a further resolution (United Nations Resolution 2782) declaring that United Nations Day shall be an international observance or international holiday and recommended that it should be observed as a public holiday by United Nations member states.
World War II Allies' day
The first event called "United Nations Day" was a World War II Allies' day of solidarity and military parades launched by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt tied to US Flag Day on June 14, 1942, six months after the Declaration by United Nations. It was observed in New York City as the "New York at War" parade, in London, and by the Soviet and Chinese governments.
It was observed throughout World War II, during 1942–1944. Prior to the foundation of the UN itself, it was not directly connected to the current international observance.
U.N. Day has traditionally been marked throughout the world with meetings, discussions and exhibits about the achievements and goals of the organization. In 1971, the General Assembly recommended that member states observe it as a public holiday.
Several international schools throughout the world also celebrate the diversity of their student body on United Nations Day (although the event is not necessarily celebrated on 24 October). Celebrations often include a show of cultural performances in the evening and a food fair, where food is available from all over the world.
In the Philippines, local schoolchildren customarily dress in the national costumes of member states and hold a programme on U.N. Day, which is the last school day before semestral break. Individual students, classes, or grade levels are assigned a country to represent and study; students handcraft their assigned country's flag, and prepare cultural presentations and food as part of the day's educational activities.
World Development Information Day
The UN's World Development Information Day has also been held on 24 October since 1972
Humanity has entered the era of sustainability – with a global commitment to fulfill the great promise of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It is celebrated on 24 October worldwide. Many institutions celebrate it by conducting quizzes and elocutions. Da Potta Group of Companies in Kenya, Tanzania and India celebrate it with various discussions.
- United Nations General Assembly Session 2 Resolution 168. United Nations Day A/RES/168(II) 31 October 1947. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
- United Nations General Assembly Session -1 Resolution 2782. Proclamation of United Nations Day as an international holiday A/RES/2782(XXVI) 6 December 1971. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
- Plesch, Dan (June 6, 2010). "The United Nations: The Free World's Great Parade". History Today. 60 (6).
- "London Decked with Flags for United Nations - Other Countries Prepare to Celebrate". Chicago Tribune. June 14, 1942. p. 5.
- Plesch, Dan; Weiss, Thomas G. (2015-01-09). Wartime Origins and the Future United Nations. Routledge. p. 5. ISBN 9781134668731.
- Bennett, M. Todd (2012-11-01). One World, Big Screen: Hollywood, the Allies, and World War II. UNC Press Books. p. 113. ISBN 9780807837467.
- Churchill, Sir Winston S. (2013-04-01). The End of the Beginning. RosettaBooks. p. 168. ISBN 9780795331787.
- Johnstone, Andrew (2016-04-22). Dilemmas of Internationalism: The American Association for the United Nations and US Foreign Policy, 1941-1948. Routledge. ISBN 9781317150541.
- "Harry S. Truman: Proclamation 2811—United Nations Day, 1948". www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 2017-10-29.
- (in English) UN Day