United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting

United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB) is an affiliation of three British independent television production companies and broadcasters. The primary function of its predecessor (ITCA, the Independent Television Companies Association) was to represent independent British television interests as a member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). The members of UKIB are the ITV Network Centre, the 17 ITV Companies, Channel 4, and S4C.

United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB)
Formation1981 (1981)
TypeAffiliation of broadcasters
Membership
ITV, Channel 4, S4C
Official language
English, Welsh

History

United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (UKIB) was formed in 1981, when the Association of Independent Radio Contractors (AIRC)[1] was admitted as an active member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). It replaced Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA, formerly Independent Television Authority or ITA) as the second British EBU member. Once ITCA was admitted as a fully active EBU member, the AIRC joined with ITA to form the Commercial Radio Companies Association (CRCA) in 1996. CRCA cancelled its EBU membership by the end of 2002.

The IBA continued to exist until it was disbanded by the Broadcasting Act 1990, which replaced it with the Independent Television Commission (ITC) and the Radio Authority.

Members

Service name Broadcast area Licence holder[2] Broadcast Since[Note 1] Parent company EBU abbreviation
ITV Network
ITV
STV
UTV
United Kingdom, Channel Islands, and Isle of ManITV Network Limited1955ITV plc
STV Group plc
UKIB/ITV
ITV (Channel 3) Companies
ITV AngliaEast of EnglandITV Broadcasting Limited1959ITV plcUKIB/ITV/ANG
ITV BorderEngland–Scotland borderITV Broadcasting Limited1961ITV plcUKIB/ITV/BTV
ITV CentralMidlands[Note 2]ITV Broadcasting Limited1956ITV plcUKIB/ITV/CEN
ITV Channel TelevisionChannel IslandsITV Broadcasting Limited1962ITV plcUKIB/ITV/CHA
ITV GranadaNorth West England[Note 3] and Isle of Man[Note 4]ITV Broadcasting Limited1956ITV plcUKIB/ITV/GRA
ITV London (Carlton)London WeekdayITV Broadcasting Limited1955ITV plcUKIB/ITV/LDN
ITV London (LWT)London WeekendITV Broadcasting Limited1955ITV plc
ITV MeridianSouth and South East EnglandITV Broadcasting Limited1958ITV plcUKIB/ITV/MER
ITV Tyne TeesNorth East EnglandITV Broadcasting Limited1959ITV plcUKIB/ITV/TTT
ITV WalesWalesITV Broadcasting Limited1958ITV plcUKIB/ITV/WALES
ITV WestWest of EnglandITV Broadcasting Limited1958ITV plcUKIB/ITV/WEST
ITV West CountrySouth West EnglandITV Broadcasting Limited1961ITV plcUKIB/ITV/WES
ITV YorkshireYorkshire, Lincolnshire, and North NorfolkITV Broadcasting Limited1956ITV plcUKIB/ITV/YTV
STV CentralCentral ScotlandSTV Central Limited1957STV Group plcUKIB/STV
STV NorthNorthern ScotlandSTV North Limited1961STV Group plcUKIB/STVN
UTVNorthern IrelandUTV Limited1959ITV plcUKIB/ITV/UTV
Channel 4
Channel 4England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland[Note 5]Channel 41982Channel Four Television CorporationUKIB/C4
S4C
S4CWalesSianel 4 Cymru/Channel 4 Wales1982S4C AuthorityUKIB/S4C

Digital channels

Besides the main ITV, Channel 4, and S4C channels, there are several digital-only channels (ITV2, ITV3, ITV4, and CITV) owned by ITV plc and E4, More4 and Film4, operated by Channel 4.

Eurovision Song Contest

The United Kingdom's entries in the Eurovision Song Contest have been entered by the BBC each time. However, the United Kingdom's Junior Eurovision Song Contest entries were broadcast and entered by ITV in 2003, 2004, and 2005. S4C announced on 9 May 2018 that Wales will debut at the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018 to be held in Minsk, Belarus.[3]

Notes and references

Footnotes

  1. First broadcast in that region and not since the first franchises were held
  2. Up to 1968, the service for the Midlands region was provided by ATV for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
  3. Up to 1968, the service for a single Northern area consisting of both the current North West region and most of the current Yorkshire region was provided by Granada Television for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
  4. Coverage was transferred from ITV Border and Tyne Tees to ITV Granada following DSO in the Isle of Man in July 2009.
  5. Now available in Wales but is designated for the rest of the United Kingdom

References

  1. Barnard, Stephen (2000). Studying Radio. London: Arnold. p. 76. ISBN 9780340719664.
  2. "Channel 3 (ITV)". Ofcom. Retrieved 27 September 2007.
  3. "Chwilio am Seren". junioreurovision.cymru. S4C. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
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