The Unicode Consortium (Unicode Inc.) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in Mountain View, California. Its primary purpose is to maintain and publish the Unicode Standard which was developed with the intention of replacing existing character encoding schemes which are limited in size and scope, and are incompatible with multilingual environments.
|Formation||January 3, 1991|
|Founded at||California, United States|
The Consortium describes its overall purpose as "This Corporation’s specific purpose shall be to enable people around the world to use computers in any language, by providing freely available specifications and data to form the foundation for software internationalization in all major operating systems, search engines, applications, and the World Wide Web. An essential part of this purpose is to standardize, maintain, educate and engage academic and scientific communities, and the general public about, make publicly available, promote, and disseminate to the public a standard character encoding that provides for an allocation for more than a million characters."
Unicode's success at unifying character sets has led to its widespread adoption in the internationalization and localization of software. The standard has been implemented in many recent technologies, including XML, the Java programming language, Swift, and modern operating systems.
Voting members include computer software and hardware companies with an interest in text-processing standards, including Adobe, Apple Inc., Berkeley, Emojipedia, Facebook, Google, Huawei, IBM, Microsoft, Monotype, Oracle Corporation, Yahoo! and SAP SE. Technical decisions relating to the Unicode Standard are made by the Unicode Technical Committee (UTC).
The project to develop a universal character encoding scheme called Unicode was initiated in 1987 by Joe Becker, Lee Collins, and Mark Davis. The Unicode Consortium was incorporated in California on January 3, 1991, with the stated aim to develop, extend, and promote the use of the Unicode Standard. Mark Davis has been president of the Unicode Consortium since the consortium was incorporated in 1991.
The Unicode Consortium cooperates with many standards development organizations, including ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2 and W3C. Apart from The Unicode Standard (TUS) and its annexes (UAX), the Unicode Consortium also maintains the CLDR, collaborated with the IETF on IDNA, and published related standards (UTS), reports (UTR), and utilities.
The Unicode Consortium maintains a History of Unicode Release and Publication Dates.
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- "Unicode Technical Reports". Unicode, Inc.
- "Unicode Utilities: Internationalized Domain Names (IDN)". Unicode, Inc.
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