Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment
The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, or USD(A&S), is a senior civilian official in the Office of the Secretary of Defense within the Department of Defense. USD(A&S) is the principal staff assistant and advisor to the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Defense for all matters concerning Departmental acquisition and sustainment.
|Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment|
Flag of an Under Secretary of Defense
|Office of the Secretary of Defense|
|Style||Madam Under Secretary|
(formal address in writing)
|Reports to||Secretary of Defense|
Deputy Secretary of Defense
with the advice and consent of the Senate
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Succession||5th in SecDef succession|
|Deputy||The Deputy Under Secretary|
|Salary||Level III of the Executive Schedule|
Ellen Lord became the first Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment on 1 February 2018, after serving as the final Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics.
The Office is the principal staff element for the Department of Defense for acquisitions, advanced technology, and logistics. As the Department's chief administrative officer, the Under Secretary oversees installation management, military construction, occupational health management, utilities and energy management; business management modernization, document services, and nuclear, chemical, and biological defense programs.
The Military Retirement Reform Act of 1986 created the position of Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition (USD(A)), which was implemented with the issuance of Department of Defense Directive 5134.1 in February 1987. As part of this act, the position of Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (USD(R&E)) was redesignated as the Director of Defense Research and Engineering (DDR&E), a lower-ranking position which reported to the new USD(A).
The title of USD(A) was changed to Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology (USD(A&T)) by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994, and the position was later redesignated as the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD(AT&L)) by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000. The USD(AT&L) served as the principal assistant to the Secretary of Defense for research and development, production, procurement, logistics, and military construction.
The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 removed the position of USD(AT&L), and in its place it created the position of USD(R&E) once again, as well as the new position of USD(A&S). These changes took effect on 1 February 2018. As part of the reorganization, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Logistics and Materiel Readiness (ASD(L&MR)) and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and Environment (ASD(EI&E)) positions were combined into a new Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment.
- Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisition
- Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisition Management and Analysis
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Platform and Weapon Portfolio Management
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Information and Integration Portfolio Management
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Services and Business Systems
- Director, Contracting
- Defense Acquisition University
- Defense Contract Management Agency
- Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment
- Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Enterprise Solutions
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Logistics
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Product Support
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Materiel Readiness
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Environment
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Infrastructure
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Facilities Management
- Office of Economic Adjustment
- Defense Logistics Agency
- Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical & Biological Defense Programs
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Threat Reduction and Arms Control
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear Matters
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Chemical and Biological Defense Programs
- Defense Threat Reduction Agency
- Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Industrial Policy
- Joint Rapid Acquisition Cell
- Office of Special Programs
- Office of Strategy, Data, and Design
- Office of International Coopration
Office of the Under Secretary
The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment (OUSD(A&S)), a unit of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, supervises all Department of Defense acquisitions, including procurement of goods and services, research and development, developmental testing, and contract administration, for all elements of the Department. Led by the Under Secretary, OUSD(A&S) oversees logistics, maintenance, and sustainment support for all elements of the Department and establishes policies for the maintenance of the defense industrial base of the United States.
The work of OUSD(A&S) is conducted through its several staff directorates, including:
- Human Capital Initiatives Directorate - responsible for executing all workforce responsibilities identified by the Secretary of Defense
- Acquisition Resources and Analyses Directorate - integrates the diverse aspects of Defense acquisition into a balanced and coherent program that supports the National Strategy and makes the most effective use of resources provided
- International Cooperation Directorate - supports the Under Secretary in all aspects of international cooperation, develops policy for international cooperative armaments programs, and provides the Under Secretary a single, integrated picture of international cooperative activities
- Special Programs Directorate - manages the DoD Special Access Program (SAP) management and control structures
- Small Business Programs Directorate - advises the Secretary of Defense on all matters related to small business and is committed to maximizing the contributions of small business in DoD acquisitions
- Administration Directorate - serves as the central focal point for all OUSD(AT&L) civilian and military personnel programs, organizational management, space, facilities, supply management, security, information management, travel, budgeting, and training
- Defense Procurement & Acquisition Policy Directorate - responsible for all acquisition and procurement policy matters in the Department, including serving as the principal advisor to the Under Secretary on acquisition/procurement strategies for all major weapon systems programs, major automated information systems programs, and services acquisitions
- Joint Rapid Acquisition Cell - provides a single point of contact in the Office of the Secretary of Defense for tracking the timeliness of immediate warfighter need actions for the senior leadership and facilitating coordination with other government agencies
- Defense Science Board - provides senior Department leadership independent advice and recommendations on scientific, technical, manufacturing, acquisition process, and other matters of special interest to the Department
- Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Industrial Policy - responsible for ensuring that Department policies, procedures, and actions:
- stimulate and support vigorous competition and innovation in the industrial base supporting defense
- establish and sustain cost-effective industrial and technological capabilities that assure military readiness and superiority
|Portrait||Name||Tenure||SecDef(s) Served Under||President(s) Served Under|
|Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition|
|Richard P. Godwin||30 September 1986 – 30 September 1987||Caspar W. Weinberger||Ronald Reagan|
|Robert B. Costello||18 December 1987 – 12 May 1989||Frank C. Carlucci III |
William Howard Taft IV (Acting)
Richard B. Cheney
|Ronald Reagan |
George H. W. Bush
|John A. Betti||11 August 1989 – 31 December 1990||Richard B. Cheney||George H. W. Bush|
|Donald J. Yockey||1 January 1991 – 20 January 1991 (Acting) |
20 June 1991 – 20 January 1993
|Richard B. Cheney||George H. W. Bush|
|Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology|
|John M. Deutch||2 April 1993 – 11 March 1994||Leslie Aspin, Jr. |
William J. Perry
|Paul G. Kaminski||3 October 1994 – 16 May 1997||William J. Perry |
William S. Cohen
|Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics|
|Jacques S. Gansler||10 November 1997 – 5 January 2001||William S. Cohen||Bill Clinton|
|Edward C. Aldridge, Jr.||10 May 2001 – 23 May 2003||Donald H. Rumsfeld||George W. Bush|
|Michael W. Wynne (Acting)||23 May 2003 - June 2005||Donald H. Rumsfeld||George W. Bush|
|Kenneth J. Krieg||6 June 2005 - 20 July 2007||Donald H. Rumsfeld |
Robert M. Gates
|George W. Bush|
|John J. Young, Jr.||July 2007 - 21 November 2007 (Acting) |
21 November 2007 – 27 April 2009
|Robert M. Gates||George W. Bush |
|Ashton Carter||27 April 2009 – 5 October 2011||Robert M. Gates |
|Frank Kendall III||6 October 2011 – 20 January 2017||Leon Panetta |
|Jimmy MacStravic||20 January 2017 – 7 August 2017 (Performing the Duties of)||James Mattis||Donald Trump|
|Ellen Lord||7 August 2017 – 1 February 2018||James Mattis||Donald Trump|
|Name||Tenure||USD(s) Served Under||SecDef(s) Served Under||President(s) Served Under|
|Milton Lohr||3 October 1988 – 12 May 1989||Robert B. Costello||Richard B. Cheney||George H.W. Bush|
|Donald J. Yockey||12 March 1990 – 20 January 1991||John A. Betti||Richard B. Cheney||George H.W. Bush|
|Donald C. Fraser||4 December 1991 – 13 January 1993||Donald J. Yockey||Richard B. Cheney||George H.W. Bush|
|Noel Longuemare, Jr.||18 November 1993 – 21 November 1997||John M. Deutch
Paul G. Kaminski
Jacques S. Gansler
|Leslie Aspin, Jr.
William J. Perry
William S. Cohen
|David Oliver||1 June 1998 – 14 July 2001||Jacques S. Gansler
Edward C. Aldridge, Jr.
|William S. Cohen
Donald H. Rumsfeld
|Bill Clinton |
George W. Bush
|Michael W. Wynne||17 July 2001 - 2005||Edward C. Aldridge, Jr.||Donald H. Rumsfeld||George W. Bush|
|Frank Kendall III||8 March 2010 – 5 October 2011||Ashton Carter||Robert M. Gates
|Alan Estevez||6 October 2011 – 20 January 2017||Frank Kendall III||Leon Panetta
|Vacant||20 January 2017 – 1 February 2018||Ellen Lord||James Mattis||Donald Trump|
- The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) - An international defense science and technology collaboration between Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States.
- Mehta, Aaron (2 February 2018). "The Pentagon's acquisition office is gone. Here's what the next 120 days bring". Defense News. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
- "Department of Defense Key Officials" (PDF). Historical Office, OSD. 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- "Report to Congress: Restructuring the Department of Defense Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Organization and Chief Management Officer Organization" (PDF). 1 August 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
- Mehta, Aaron (17 July 2018). "Revealed: The new structure for the Pentagon's tech and acquisition offices". Defense News. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
- "Pentagon's acquisition chief resigns". USA Today. 6 June 2007.
- Beny, Alan. "OUSD(AT&L) > About AT&L > Leadership > Biography of Frank Kendall, USD(AT&L)". www.acq.osd.mil. Retrieved 27 February 2017.