USS Fred T. Berry (DD-858)
|Name:||USS Fred T. Berry|
|Namesake:||Fred T. Berry|
|Builder:||Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Pedro, California|
|Laid down:||16 July 1944|
|Launched:||28 January 1945|
|Commissioned:||12 May 1945|
|Reclassified:||DDE-858, 4 March 1950|
|Struck:||15 September 1970|
|2 battle stars (Korea)|
|Fate:||Scuttled as an artificial reef, 14 May 1972|
|Class and type:||Gearing-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||3,460 long tons (3,516 t) full|
|Length:||390 ft 6 in (119.02 m)|
|Beam:||40 ft 10 in (12.45 m)|
|Draft:||14 ft 4 in (4.37 m)|
|Propulsion:||Geared turbines, 2 shafts, 60,000 shp (45 MW)|
|Speed:||35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph)|
|Range:||4,500 nmi (8,300 km) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
Fred T. Berry was launched on 28 January 1945 by Bethlehem Steel Co., San Pedro, California; sponsored by Mrs. Fred T. Berry, widow of Commander Berry; and commissioned on 12 May 1945, Commander N. J. Frank, Jr., in command.
Sailing from San Francisco, California on 29 August 1945, Fred T. Berry trained with aircraft carriers in Hawaiian waters and completed a tour of occupation duty in the Far East before returning to her home port, San Diego, on 21 February 1947. A second Far Eastern cruise, between 2 December and 7 August 1948, preceded a modernization overhaul in 1949, during which her anti-submarine warfare capabilities were augmented.
Fred T. Berry left San Diego on 25 August 1949 for her new home port, Newport, Rhode Island, arriving on 11 September. The Atlantic Fleet exercise schedule took her from Greenland to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, in the ten months that followed. Fred T. Berry was reclassified an Escort Destroyer, DDE-858, on 4 March 1950. Alerted for temporary duty in the Mediterranean at the opening of the Korean War, Fred T. Berry sailed from Newport on 5 July 1950, and at the end of the summer, sailed on through the Suez Canal to join the 7th Fleet in the Far East. She screened fast carriers launching strikes on targets in North Korea, and escorted battleship Missouri (BB-63) to her bombardment duty at Hŭngnam during the withdrawal from that port. Detached from Task Force 77 (TF 77) on 5 February 1951, Fred T. Berry sailed eastward to complete her circumnavigation of the world with her return to Newport on 14 March 1951.
During each of the next three years, and again in 1957 and 1960, Fred T. Berry served tours of duty with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean, joining in exercises, patrolling this key area, and paying good will visits to many ports. NATO "Operation Mainbrace" took her to British ports in 1952, and during the 1956 midshipman training cruise, she called at Barcelona, Spain, and Greenock, Scotland.
With her primary employment anti-submarine warfare development from 1954 through 1963, Fred T. Berry sailed the western Atlantic from Canadian ports to Argentina, operating with experimental hunter-killer groups.
Fred T. Berry sailed from Newport in January 1966 with DESRON 12 for the Pacific via the Panama Canal. She earned two campaign stars and the Combat Action Ribbon for Vietnam service. Returning to Newport via the Suez Canal the "Fred T. Berry completed her round the world cruise in August 1966.
On 15 September 1970, Fred T. Berry was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register. On 14 May 1972 she was scuttled at 24°27.8′N 81°33.3′W, in 55 fathoms (330 feet; 100 m) to form an artificial reef off Key West, Florida.
- "Science: Tragedy Under the Sea". Time. 2 July 1973. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- "Department of Transportation / Coast Guard Marine Casualty Report" (PDF). United States Coast Guard. 12 March 1975. Retrieved 11 October 2011.