USNS Flyer (T-AG-178), was a type C2-S-B1 cargo ship of the United States Navy, built for the Maritime Commission (MC) as Water Witch in service under charter by the Commission to several lines until purchased in 1946 by United States Lines and renamed American Flyer. After being placed in the Reserve Fleet 14 December 1964 the title was transferred to the Navy for use as a deep ocean bathymetric survey ship. The Navy placed the ship in service 9 February 1965 with the name Flyer given on 22 March. The ship operated in that role until 1975.
|Builder:||Moore Dry Dock Company, Oakland, California|
|Laid down:||30 October 1944|
|Launched:||20 December 1944|
|In service:||9 February 1965|
|Out of service:||17 July 1975|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping, 27 April 1976|
|Length:||459 ft (140 m)|
|Beam:||63.1 ft (19.2 m)|
|Draft:||28.8 ft (8.8 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 boilers, steam turbine, single shaft, 6,000 shp (4,474 kW)|
|Speed:||15.5 kn (17.8 mph; 28.7 km/h)|
|Capacity:||6 passengers as American Flyer|
Water Witch was built under Maritime Commission] contract for MC hull 1209 by the Moore Dry Dock Company of Oakland, California, yard number 296. The keel was laid on 30 October 1944, and the ship launched on 20 December 1944, sponsored by Miss. Margaret Helen Finnel.
The ship was completed 14 March 1945 and placed in service under Maritime Commission agreement with McCormick Steamship Company. On 6 July 1946 Water Witch was bareboat chartered by American South African Lines until 22 October 1946 when United States Lines acquired the ship under the MC agreement until purchasing the ship from the Maritime Commission on 8 November 1946 for $960,642.42. On 27 December 1946 the ship was renamed American Flyer.
On 10 October 1962 the title to American Flyer was surrendered to the Maritime Administration as trade in credit with the line operating the ship under a bareboat charter until delivery to the James River Reserve Fleet on 14 December 1964.
Acquired for "Project Caesar", the cover name of the installation of SOSUS (Sound Surveillance System), Flyer was converted for Naval service as a Miscellaneous Auxiliary, Bathymetric Survey ship for deep ocean surveys and designated T-AG-178. USNS Flyer' was operated by the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) (current Military Sealift Command) for Project Caesar.
Flyer was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 17 July 1975 and delivered to the custody of the Maritime Administration in the suisun Bay Reserve Fleet on 22 July 1975. On 27 April Flyer was sold for scrapping to American Ship Dismantlers, Inc.
- Maritime Administration. "Water Witch". Ship History Database — Vessel Status Card. U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
- Maritime Administration. "American Flyer". Ship History Database — Vessel Status Card. U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
- Colton, Tim (September 12, 2014). "Moore Dry Dock, Oakland CA". ShipbuildingHistory.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations — Naval History Division (1970). Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. V. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 524. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
- Merchant Vessels of the United States 1947. Washington, D.C.: United States Treasury Department, Bureau of Customs. 1947. p. 20. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
- "Integrated Undersea Surveillance System (IUSS) History 1950 - 2010". IUSS ● CAESAR Alumni Association. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
- Photo gallery of USNS Flyer at NavSource Naval History
- USNS Flyer (T-AG 178)
- Flyer photo at IUSS ● CAESAR Alumni Association
- Flyer conference room photo at IUSS ● CAESAR Alumni Association