|Type||General-purpose machine gun|
|Place of origin||Poland|
War in Afghanistan
|Manufacturer||Zakłady Mechaniczne Tarnów|
|Variants||UKM-2000P, UKM-2000D, UKM-2000C, UKM-2000CL|
|Mass||8.4 kg (18.52 lb) (P)|
8.9 kg (19.62 lb) (D)
10.7 kg (23.59 lb) (C/CL)
|Length||1,203 mm (47.4 in) (P/D)|
1,098 mm (43.2 in) (C/CL)
|Barrel length||547 mm (21.5 in) (P/D)|
636 mm (25.0 in) (C/CL)
|Width||91.5 mm (3.60 in)|
|Height||212 mm (8.3 in) (P/D)|
117 mm (4.6 in) (C/CL)
|Action||Gas-operated, open bolt|
|Rate of fire||700-850 rounds/min|
Practical: 250 rounds/min
|Muzzle velocity||840 m/s (2,756 ft/s) (P/D)|
850 m/s (2,789 ft/s) (C/CL)
|Effective firing range||1,500 m (1,640 yd)|
|Feed system||Disintegrating M13 belt 100 or 200 (P/D) or 250-round ((C/CL)) in ammunition boxes|
On March 12, 1999 Poland joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. A problem arose with modifying the weapons of the Polish Army to use the standard NATO ammunition. A decision was made to develop a new general-purpose machine gun. The construction was based on the design of the successful PK/PKS machine gun.
The UKM-2000 (Uniwersalny Karabin Maszynowy, "Universal Machinegun") is a primary GPMG on most vehicles used by Polish Forces in Afghanistan (Cougar H, MaxxPro Dash, M-ATV, Humvee) and is a coaxial machine gun in KTO Rosomak and Polish-modernized BRDM-2.
There is a proposal of modernization of the Polish UKM-2000 general purpose machine gun (GPMG) fed by 7.62×51mm NATO to the new UKM-2013 standard. The upgraded GPMG will be equipped with a new folding and telescopic buttstock with a cheekpiece and additional grip/pod, the integrated Picatinny rail with iron sight and 3-rail forehand attached to the gas tube, new grip, new cocking handle new safety switch selector, a new 440-mm barrel (as an option) plus some additional internal changes. The Polish Army is interested in this machine gun fed from the 100-round soft ammo bag instead of a steel box. Because of external similarity to the Russian PKM GPMG chambered to the 7.62×54mmR some elements like a buttstock, a grip or a forehand with rails will able to be used with the Kalashnikov design.
- UKM-2000C(L) - coaxial version of UKM-2000, successor of the PKT. Use on KTO Rosomak and some Polish modernized BRDM-2. Modifications include the removal of the stock, a longer and heavier barrel, a gas regulator and an electric solenoid trigger.
- UKM-2000D - airborne version with folding stock, limited use in Polish Armed Forces
- UKM-2000P - standard GPMG version, some also equipped with MIL-STD-1913 rail.
- UKM-2000Z - first attempt to modernization of UKM-2000, new telescoping stock and black polymer pistol grip. It wasn't adopted.
- UKM-2013C(L) - modernization of UKM-2000C(L) presented in 2012
- UKM-2013P - modernization of UKM-2000P presented in 2012, better ergonomy and functionality, new folding and telescopic buttstock with a cheekpiece and additional grip/pod, the integrated Picatinny rail with iron sight and 3-rail forehand attached to the gas tube, new grip, new cocking handle new safety switch selector, a new 440-mm barrel (as an option) plus some additional internal changes, new soft ammo bag instead of typical for PK family steel box magazine
- UKM-2000M/UKM-2015 - version that will be in tests in mid-2014, probably to introduction in 2015
The L in a coaxial version denotes the ammunition is fed from the left instead of from the right.
- "Polish Modernised UKM-2013 Machine Gun - The Firearm Blog". The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- "Zmodyfikowany UKM-2000M od 2015? - Altair Agencja Lotnicza". Retrieved 8 October 2014.
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