National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine (UA:PBC; Ukrainian: Національна суспільна телерадіокомпанія України, Natsionalna Suspilna Teleradiokompaniya Ukrayiny) is the national public broadcaster in Ukraine. As such it was registered on 19 January 2017. In its revamped form the company provides content for its three television and radio channels.
|Type||Broadcast radio and television, |
online and printing
|Owner||State Committee in Television and Radio-broadcasting|
|Zurab Alasania (Chairman of the Board)|
|8 April 2015|
|State Tele-Radiobroadcasting Company (DTRK)|
From 1995 until its current name the television predecessors of the current broadcaster was named the National Television Company of Ukraine (NTU; Ukrainian: Національна Телекомпанія України, Natsionalna Telekompaniya Ukrayiny). Ukrainian Radio was its radio predecessor and a stand-alone company until it merged with NTU to be the first public broadcasting company of Ukraine.
Radio broadcasts in Ukraine, at the time part of the USSR, began in Kharkiv in 1924, and a nationwide radio network was initiated in 1928. (In the first years of the USSR Kharkiv was the capital of Ukraine, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the capital relocated to Kiev.) In 1965 the first nationwide Ukrainian television channel Ukraiinske Telebachennia or UT (‘Ukrainian Television’) was established. (Ukraine was part of the USSR from 1920 until it declared its independence on 24 August 1991.)
It is a public joint-stock agency with 100% of its shares belonging to the state, and operates the television channel UA:Pershyi, the only Ukrainian TV channel that has a coverage over 97% of Ukraine's territory and is the only state-owned national channel. Its programs are oriented at all social layers of the Ukrainian society and national minorities.
Ukrainian Radio it is the biggest radio network in the country, which broadcasts on FM (covers 192 settlements in 24 regions) and AM, satellite and cable networks throughout Ukraine, and is the most popular news and talk radio station in Ukraine.
Among priority directions of the network are informative publicism, popular scientific, culturologic, entertaining and sport-oriented ones. According to the viewer's rating the First Channel significantly trails all of his more recent privately held rivals. It was planned that the National Television Company of Ukraine (NTCU) will be changed to Public Television Network in 2009. The government will lose its direct control over the national network. The Public Television Network will consist of several channels, such as, "First Channel", "Second Channel", "Euronews Ukraine" and "Ukraine and the World". But not until 2014 a new law was passed to make the network an independent, public broadcaster. With the creation of this National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine in 2015 the National Radio Company of Ukraine merged into this new company. It, (renamed) the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine, was registered on 19 January 2017.
Currently the UA:PBC network is organized into the following:
UA:Regional (Regional channels of the UA:PBC network)
- UA:Crimea (Autonomous Republic of Crimea)
- UA:Cherkasy (formerly Ros) (Cherkasy Oblast)
- UA:Chernihiv (formerly Siver) (Chernihiv Oblast)
- UA:Bukovyna (formerly Bukovyna) (Chernivtsi Oblast)
- UA:Donbass (formerly DoTB in Donetsk Oblast and LOT in Luhansk Oblast) (Donetsk and Luhansk Oblast)
- UA:Dnipro (formerly 51) (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast)
- UA:Karpaty (formerly Karpaty) (Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast)
- UA:Kharkiv (formerly OTB) (Kharkiv Oblast)
- UA:Kherson (formerly Skifiya) (Kherson Oblast)
- UA:Podillya (formerly Podillya-Centr) (Khmelnytskyi Oblast)
- UA:Kiev (formerly Centralnyi Kanal) (Kiev and Kiev Oblast)
- UA:Kropyvnytskyi (formerly Kirovohrad) (Kirovohrad Oblast)
- UA:Lviv (formerly TRC Lviv) (Lviv Oblast)
- UA:Mykolaiv (formerly Mykolaiv) (Mykolaiv Oblast)
- UA:Odessa (formerly ODT) (Odessa Oblast)
- UA:Poltava (formerly Ltava) (Poltava Oblast)
- UA:Rivne (formerly RTB) (Rivne Oblast)
- UA:Sumy (Sumy Oblast)
- UA:Ternopil (formerly TTB) (Ternopil Oblast)
- UA:Vinntysa (formerly Vintera) (Vinnytsia Oblast)
- UA:Volyn (formerly Nova Volyn) (Volyn Oblast)
- UA:Zakarpattia (formerly Tysa-1) (Zakarpattia Oblast)
- UA:Zaporizhia (formerly Zaporizhia) (Zaporizhia Oblast)
- UA:Zhytomyr (formerly Zhytomyr) (Zhytomyr Oblast)
UA:PBC broadcasts on 3 national and 1 international radio channels: Ukrainian Radio (First Channel, UR-1), Radio "Promin", Radio "Culture" and Radio Ukraine International. The regional branches have their broadcasting slots in the broadcast schedule of the First Channel of Ukrainian Radio. General producer of Ukrainian radio channels since 2017 is Dmitry Khorkin.
Ukrainian Radio Directorate of the UA:PBC is a structural subdivision of the company, which integrates four broadcasting channels, the studios of Radio House and the House of Recording of Ukrainian Radio, and 5 radio ensembles.
- UA:Ukrainian radio – the first channel of public Ukrainian radio. The most popular news and talk radio station in Ukraine. Also it is the biggest FM radio network in the country: 192 settlements in 24 regions.
- UA:Radio "Promin" – the second channel of public Ukrainian radio. Music and talk radio station.
- UA:Radio "Culture" – the third channel of public Ukrainian radio. Cultural and educational radio station.
- Radio Ukraine International – international service in Russian, Romanian, English, Ukrainian and German.
- Ukrainian Radio House – is a studio complex located at 26 Khreschatyk str, Kiev. It's a broadcasting center for 4 channels of Ukrainian radio.
- Recording House of Ukrainian Radio – is a concert and studio complex in Kyiv. Large Concert Studio of the Recording House allows to record large orchestral and choral groups and is one of the largest such studios in Europe. The Recording House also serves as a rehearsal and concert venue for radio orchestras and ensembles of Ukrainian Radio.
Radio ensembles are instrumental or vocal bands — i.e. radio orchestra – employed by public service broadcasters around the world, whose main tasks are to create stock records for broadcasting on public radio stations, as well as to promote national culture. The following radio ensembles are a part of UA:PBC:
- Ukrainian Radio Symphony Orchestra
- Ukrainian Radio Choir Chapel
- Ukrainian Radio Orchestra of folk and popular music
- Ukrainian Radio Big Children Choir
- Ukrainian radio Trio of Bandurists
- June 1, 1995 – August 21, 1996 Oleksandr Savenko
- August 21, 1996 – November 18, 1996 Zynoviy Kulyk (interim)
- November 18, 1996 – October 1, 1998 Viktor Leshyk
- October 5, 1998 – November 17, 1998 Mykola Kniazhytskyi
- November 17, 1998 – June 21, 1999 Zynoviy Kulyk
- June 21, 1999 – July 15, 1999 Oleksandr Savenko (interim)
- July 16, 1999 – November 19, 2001 Vadym Dolhanov
- November 19, 2001 – March 28, 2003 Ihor Storozhuk
- March 28, 2003 – February 25, 2005 Oleksandr Savenko (second term)
- February 25, 2005 – September 8, 2005 Taras Stetskiv
- October 27, 2005 – February 18, 2008 Vitaliy Dokalenko
- February 25, 2008 – March 17, 2010 Vasyl Ilaschuk
Directors General (2010-16)
- March 17, 2010 – February 20, 2013 Yehor Benkendorf
- February 20, 2013 – March 24, 2014 Oleksandr Panteleymonov (interim)
- March 25, 2014 – November 1, 2016 Zurab Alasania
Chairmans of the Board (2017-present)
- January 18, 2017 – May 13, 2017 Hanna Bychok (acting)
- May 13, 2017 – present Zurab Alasania
- May 10, 2019 – present Mykola Chernotytskyi (acting)1
- 1.^ Actually Supervisory board of UA:PBC has decided to break the contract with Zurab Alasania effective May 6, 2019. However Alasania has taken vacation and thus his firing has been postponed. However both Alasania for the period of his vacation and the Supervisory Board after breaking of the contract with him have assigned Mykola Chernotytskyi as acting Chairman of Board.
- The Public Broadcasting Company has been launched in Ukraine, Den (8 April 2015)
- EBU WELCOMES NEW PUBLIC BROADCASTER IN UKRAINE, EBU (20 Jan 2017)
(in Ukrainian) The state registered a "public broadcaster", Ukrayinska Pravda (19 January 2017)
- Poroshenko signs law on public broadcasting company, Interfax-Ukraine (8 April 2015)
- Ivan Katchanovski; Zenon E. Kohut; Bohdan Y. Nebesio; Myroslav Yurkevich (2013). "Media" entry in Historical Dictionary of Ukraine. Scarecrow Press. p. 365. ISBN 9780810878471.
- Liber, George (1992). Soviet Nationality Policy, Urban Growth, and Identity Change in the Ukrainian SSR, 1923-1934. Cambridge University Press.
- Where Broadcast and Digital Cultures Collide: A Case Study of Public Service Media in Ukraine by Mariia Terentieva, academia.edu (1 June 2016)
- A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples by Paul Robert Magocsi, University of Toronto Press, 2010, ISBN 1442610212 (page 563/564 & 722/723)
- "Національна рада забезпечила найбільш динамічний розвиток мереж суспільного радіо". Національна рада України з питань телебачення і радіомовлення. 2019-10-11. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
- Ukraine is on the brink of media freedom, but oligarchs are set to put a stop to it, independent.co.uk (2 December 2016)
- "UA:Krym Official Website".
- "UA:Cherkasy Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Chernihiv Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Bukovyna Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Donbass Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Dnipro Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Karpaty Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Kharkiv Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "Skifiya Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Podillya Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Kropyvnytskyi Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Lviv Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Mykolaiv Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Odessa Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Poltava Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Rivne Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Sumy Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Ternopil Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Vinntysa Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Volyn Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Zakarpattia Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "Zaporizhia Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Zhytomyr Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "MOBILE APPLICATION OF UKRAINIAN PUBLIC RADIO LAUNCHED". Council of Europe Office in Ukraine. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
- "Будинок звукозапису Українського радіо | Українське радіо". ukr.radio. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
- Union (EBU), European Broadcasting (2018-03-27). "Importance of radio ensembles highlighted at seminar in Athens". www.ebu.ch. Retrieved 2019-11-30.
- "Голова правління Суспільного на період відпустки призначив виконувачем обов'язків члена правління Миколу Чернотицького" (in Ukrainian). UA:PBC. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.