U.S. Open (golf)

The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play (4 rounds on an 18-hole course), with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving. As of 2019 the U.S. Open awards a $12.5 million purse, the largest of all 4 major championships and tied for largest of all PGA Tour events (The Players Championship also with $12.5 million).[1]

U.S. Open
2020 logo
Tournament information
LocationMamaroneck, New York
in 2020
Established1895, 124 years ago
119 Editions
Course(s)Winged Foot Golf Club in 2020
Par70 in 2020
Length7,264 yd (6,642 m) in 2020
Organized byUSGA
Tour(s)PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
FormatStroke play
Prize fund$12,500,000 in 2019
Month playedJune
Tournament record score
Aggregate268 Rory McIlroy (2011)
To par−16 Rory McIlroy (2011)
−16 Brooks Koepka (2017)
Current champion
Gary Woodland
2019 U.S. Open (golf)


The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was Horace Rawlins, a 21-year-old Englishman, who had arrived in the U.S. earlier that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA.[2][3]

In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.

Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the 11 tournaments from 2004-2014.

U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans); undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"); pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes); and two or three holes that are short par fives under regular play would be used as long par fours during the tournament (often to meet that frequently used par of 70, forcing players to have accurate long drives). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.


The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with a USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4.[4] Players (male or female)[4] may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.

About half of the field is made up of players who are fully exempt from qualifying. The current exemption categories are:[5][6]

The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date, except for the U.S. Amateur. On August 5, 2019, the USGA announced a rule change stating a player may turn professional and still retain his U.S. Open exemption. Note that this tournament typically takes place after the collegiate season has ended, so players may turn professional immediately after their last collegiate event (typically the end of the NCAA final of their senior year) in order to maximize the number of FedEx Cup points they may score before the August cutoff.[8]

Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010).[9]

Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates.[9] Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship.[10]

Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.

USGA special exemptions

The USGA has granted a special exemption to 34 players 52 times since 1966.[11] Players with multiple special exemptions include: Arnold Palmer (1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1994), Seve Ballesteros (1978, 1994), Gary Player (1981, 1983), Lee Trevino (1983, 1984), Hale Irwin (1990, 2002, 2003), Jack Nicklaus (1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000), Tom Watson (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2010).[12]

Irwin won the 1990 U.S. Open after accepting a special exemption. In the 2016, a special exemption was extended to former champion Retief Goosen (2001, 2004).[13] In 2018, a special exemption was extended to former U.S. Open champions Jim Furyk (2003) and Ernie Els (1994, 1997).[14]


The purse at the 2017 U.S. Open was $12 million, and the winner's share was $2.16 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€10,745,927 in 2017).

In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years. They are also automatically invited to play in The Players Championship for the next five years, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years.

Winners may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons.

Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.

The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.

Playoff format

Up to 2017, the U.S. Open retained a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie existed after that fifth round, then the playoff continued as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.

Since 2018, the USGA adopted a two-hole aggregate playoff format, after consulting fans, players and media partners. Sudden death will still be played if the playoff ends tied.[15]


Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus hold the record for the most U.S. Open victories, with four victories each.[16] Hale Irwin is the oldest winner of the U.S. Open at 45 years and 15 days in 1990.[17] The youngest winner of the U.S. Open is John McDermott at 19 years, 10 months, 14 days in 1911.[17]

share ($)
2019Gary Woodland United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California271 (−13)3 strokes Brooks Koepka2,250,000
2018Brooks Koepka (2) United StatesShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New York281 (+1)1 stroke Tommy Fleetwood2,160,000
2017Brooks Koepka United StatesErin HillsErin, Wisconsin272 (−16)4 strokes Hideki Matsuyama
Brian Harman
2016Dustin Johnson United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania276 (−4)3 strokes Jim Furyk
Shane Lowry
Scott Piercy
2015Jordan Spieth United StatesChambers BayUniversity Place, Washington275 (−5)1 stroke Dustin Johnson
Louis Oosthuizen
2014Martin Kaymer GermanyPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North Carolina271 (−9)8 strokes Erik Compton
Rickie Fowler
2013Justin Rose EnglandMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania281 (+1)2 strokes Jason Day
Phil Mickelson
2012Webb Simpson United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California281 (+1)1 stroke Graeme McDowell
Michael Thompson
2011Rory McIlroy Northern IrelandCongressional Country Club, Blue CourseBethesda, Maryland268 (−16)8 strokes Jason Day1,440,000
2010Graeme McDowell Northern IrelandPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California284 (E)1 stroke Grégory Havret1,350,000
2009Lucas Glover United StatesBethpage State Park, Black CourseFarmingdale, New York[N 1]276 (−4)2 strokes Ricky Barnes
David Duval
Phil Mickelson
2008Tiger Woods (3) United StatesTorrey Pines Golf Course, South CourseLa Jolla, California[N 2]283 (−1)Playoff Rocco Mediate1,350,000
2007Ángel Cabrera ArgentinaOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania285 (+5)1 stroke Jim Furyk
Tiger Woods
2006Geoff Ogilvy AustraliaWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York285 (+5)1 stroke Jim Furyk
Phil Mickelson
Colin Montgomerie
2005Michael Campbell New ZealandPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North Carolina280 (E)2 strokes Tiger Woods1,170,000
2004Retief Goosen (2) South AfricaShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New York276 (−4)2 strokes Phil Mickelson1,125,000
2003Jim Furyk United StatesOlympia Fields Country Club, North CourseOlympia Fields, Illinois272 (−8)3 strokes Stephen Leaney1,080,000
2002Tiger Woods (2) United StatesBethpage State Park, Black CourseFarmingdale, New York[N 1]277 (−3)3 strokes Phil Mickelson1,000,000
2001Retief Goosen South AfricaSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma276 (−4)Playoff Mark Brooks900,000
2000Tiger Woods United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California272 (−12)15 strokes Ernie Els
Miguel Ángel Jiménez
1999Payne Stewart (2) United StatesPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North Carolina279 (−1)1 stroke Phil Mickelson625,000
1998Lee Janzen (2) United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California[N 3]280 (E)1 stroke Payne Stewart535,000
1997Ernie Els (2) South AfricaCongressional Country Club, Blue CourseBethesda, Maryland276 (−4)1 stroke Colin Montgomerie465,000
1996Steve Jones United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan278 (−2)1 stroke Tom Lehman
Davis Love III
1995Corey Pavin United StatesShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New York280 (E)2 strokes Greg Norman350,000
1994Ernie Els South AfricaOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania279 (−5)Playoff Colin Montgomerie
Loren Roberts
1993Lee Janzen United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield, New Jersey272 (−8)2 strokes Payne Stewart290,000
1992Tom Kite United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California285 (−3)2 strokes Jeff Sluman275,000
1991Payne Stewart United StatesHazeltine National Golf ClubChaska, Minnesota282 (−6)Playoff Scott Simpson235,000
1990Hale Irwin (3) United StatesMedinah Country Club, Course No. 3Medinah, Illinois280 (−8)Playoff Mike Donald220,000
1989Curtis Strange (2) United StatesOak Hill Country Club, East CourseRochester, New York[N 4]278 (−2)1 stroke Chip Beck
Mark McCumber
Ian Woosnam
1988Curtis Strange United StatesThe Country Club, Composite CourseBrookline, Massachusetts278 (−6)Playoff Nick Faldo180,000
1987Scott Simpson United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California[N 3]277 (−3)1 stroke Tom Watson150,000
1986Raymond Floyd United StatesShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New York279 (−1)2 strokes Chip Beck
Lanny Wadkins
1985Andy North (2) United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan279 (−1)1 stroke Dave Barr
Chen Tze-chung
Denis Watson
1984Fuzzy Zoeller United StatesWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York276 (−4)Playoff Greg Norman94,000
1983Larry Nelson United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania280 (−4)1 stroke Tom Watson72,000
1982Tom Watson United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California282 (−6)2 strokes Jack Nicklaus60,000
1981David Graham AustraliaMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania273 (−7)3 strokes George Burns
Bill Rogers
1980Jack Nicklaus (4) United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield, New Jersey272 (−8)2 strokes Isao Aoki55,000
1979Hale Irwin (2) United StatesInverness ClubToledo, Ohio284 (E)2 strokes Jerry Pate
Gary Player
1978Andy North United StatesCherry Hills Country ClubCherry Hills Village, Colorado285 (+1)1 stroke J. C. Snead
Dave Stockton
1977Hubert Green United StatesSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma278 (−2)1 stroke Lou Graham45,000
1976Jerry Pate United StatesAtlanta Athletic Club, Highlands CourseDuluth, Georgia[N 5]277 (−3)2 strokes Al Geiberger
Tom Weiskopf
1975Lou Graham United StatesMedinah Country Club, Course No. 3Medinah, Illinois287 (+3)Playoff John Mahaffey40,000
1974Hale Irwin United StatesWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York287 (+7)2 strokes Forrest Fezler35,000
1973Johnny Miller United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania279 (−5)1 stroke John Schlee35,000
1972Jack Nicklaus (3) United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California290 (+2)3 strokes Bruce Crampton30,000
1971Lee Trevino (2) United StatesMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania280 (E)Playoff Jack Nicklaus30,000
1970Tony Jacklin EnglandHazeltine National Golf ClubChaska, Minnesota281 (−7)7 strokes Dave Hill30,000
1969Orville Moody United StatesChampions Golf Club, Cypress Creek CourseHouston, Texas281 (+1)1 stroke Deane Beman
Al Geiberger
Bob Rosburg
1968Lee Trevino United StatesOak Hill Country Club, East CourseRochester, New York[N 4]275 (−5)4 strokes Jack Nicklaus30,000
1967Jack Nicklaus (2) United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield, New Jersey275 (−5)4 strokes Arnold Palmer30,000
1966Billy Casper (2) United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California[N 3]278 (−2)Playoff Arnold Palmer26,500
1965Gary Player South AfricaBellerive Country ClubSt. Louis, Missouri[N 6]282 (+2)Playoff Kel Nagle26,000
1964Ken Venturi United StatesCongressional Country Club, Blue CourseBethesda, Maryland278 (−2)4 strokes Tommy Jacobs17,000
1963Julius Boros (2) United StatesThe Country Club, Composite CourseBrookline, Massachusetts293 (+9)Playoff Jacky Cupit
Arnold Palmer
1962Jack Nicklaus United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania283 (−1)Playoff Arnold Palmer17,500
1961Gene Littler United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan281 (+1)1 stroke Bob Goalby
Doug Sanders
1960Arnold Palmer United StatesCherry Hills Country ClubCherry Hills Village, Colorado280 (−4)2 strokes Jack Nicklaus (a)14,400
1959Billy Casper United StatesWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York282 (+2)1 stroke Bob Rosburg12,000
1958Tommy Bolt United StatesSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma283 (+3)4 strokes Gary Player8,000
1957Dick Mayer United StatesInverness ClubToledo, Ohio282 (+2)Playoff Cary Middlecoff7,200
1956Cary Middlecoff (2) United StatesOak Hill Country Club, East CourseRochester, New York[N 4]281 (+1)1 stroke Julius Boros
Ben Hogan
1955Jack Fleck United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California[N 3]287 (+7)Playoff Ben Hogan6,000
1954Ed Furgol United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield, New Jersey284 (+4)1 stroke Gene Littler6,000
1953Ben Hogan (4) United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania283 (−5)6 strokes Sam Snead5,000
1952Julius Boros United StatesNorthwood ClubDallas, Texas281 (+1)4 strokes Ed Oliver4,000
1951Ben Hogan (3) United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan287 (+7)2 strokes Clayton Heafner4,000
1950Ben Hogan (2) United StatesMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania287 (+7)Playoff Lloyd Mangrum (2nd),
George Fazio (3rd)
1949Cary Middlecoff United StatesMedinah Country Club, Course No. 3Medinah, Illinois286 (+2)1 stroke Clayton Heafner
Sam Snead
1948Ben Hogan United StatesRiviera Country ClubPacific Palisades, California[N 7]276 (−8)2 strokes Jimmy Demaret2,000
1947Lew Worsham United StatesSt. Louis Country ClubLadue, Missouri282 (−2)Playoff Sam Snead2,500
1946Lloyd Mangrum United StatesCanterbury Golf ClubBeachwood, Ohio284 (−4)Playoff Vic Ghezzi (T2)
Byron Nelson (T2)
1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II
1941Craig Wood United StatesColonial Country ClubFort Worth, Texas284 (+4)3 strokes Denny Shute1,000
1940Lawson Little United StatesCanterbury Golf ClubBeachwood, Ohio287 (−1)Playoff Gene Sarazen1,000
1939Byron Nelson United StatesPhiladelphia Country Club, Spring Mill CourseGladwyne, Pennsylvania284 (−4)Playoff Craig Wood (2nd),
Denny Shute (3rd)
1938Ralph Guldahl (2) United StatesCherry Hills Country ClubCherry Hills Village, Colorado284 (E)6 strokes Dick Metz1,000
1937Ralph Guldahl United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan281 (+1)2 strokes Sam Snead1,000
1936Tony Manero United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Upper CourseSpringfield, New Jersey282 (−2)2 strokes Harry Cooper1,000
1935Sam Parks, Jr. United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania299 (+11)2 strokes Jimmy Thomson1,000
1934Olin Dutra United StatesMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania293 (+13)1 stroke Gene Sarazen1,000
1933Johnny Goodman (a) United StatesNorth Shore Country ClubGlenview, Illinois287 (−1)1 stroke Ralph Guldahl1,000
1932Gene Sarazen (2) United StatesFresh Meadow Country ClubQueens, New York286 (+2)3 strokes Bobby Cruickshank
Philip Perkins
1931Billy Burke United StatesInverness ClubToledo, Ohio292 (+4)Playoff George Von Elm1,750
1930Bobby Jones (a) (4) United StatesInterlachen Country ClubEdina, Minnesota287 (−1)2 strokes Macdonald Smith1,000
1929Bobby Jones (a) (3) United StatesWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York294Playoff Al Espinosa1,000
1928Johnny Farrell United StatesOlympia Fields Country Club, North CourseOlympia Fields, Illinois294Playoff Bobby Jones (a)500
1927Tommy Armour Scotland
 United States
Oakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania301Playoff Harry Cooper500
1926Bobby Jones (a) (2) United StatesScioto Country ClubColumbus, Ohio2931 stroke Joe Turnesa500
1925Willie Macfarlane ScotlandWorcester Country ClubWorcester, Massachusetts291Playoff Bobby Jones (a)500
1924Cyril Walker EnglandOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan2973 strokes Bobby Jones (a)500
1923Bobby Jones (a) United StatesInwood Country ClubInwood, New York296Playoff Bobby Cruickshank500
1922Gene Sarazen United StatesSkokie Country ClubGlencoe, Illinois2881 stroke John Black
Bobby Jones (a)
1921Jim Barnes EnglandColumbia Country ClubChevy Chase, Maryland2899 strokes Walter Hagen
Fred McLeod
1920Ted Ray JerseyInverness ClubToledo, Ohio2951 stroke Jack Burke Sr.
Leo Diegel
Jock Hutchison
Harry Vardon
1919Walter Hagen (2) United StatesBrae Burn Country Club, Main CourseWest Newton, Massachusetts301Playoff Mike Brady500
1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I
1916Chick Evans (a) United StatesThe Minikahda ClubMinneapolis, Minnesota2862 strokes Jock Hutchison300
1915Jerome Travers (a) United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Revised CourseSpringfield, New Jersey2971 stroke Tom McNamara300
1914Walter Hagen United StatesMidlothian Country ClubMidlothian, Illinois2901 stroke Chick Evans (a)300
1913Francis Ouimet (a) United StatesThe Country ClubBrookline, Massachusetts304Playoff Harry Vardon (2nd),
Ted Ray (3rd)
1912John McDermott (2) United StatesCountry Club of BuffaloBuffalo, New York2942 strokes Tom McNamara300
1911John McDermott United StatesChicago Golf ClubWheaton, Illinois307Playoff Mike Brady (2nd),
George Simpson (3rd)
1910Alex Smith (2) ScotlandPhiladelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's CoursePhiladelphia, Pennsylvania298Playoff John McDermott (2nd),
Macdonald Smith (3rd)
1909George Sargent EnglandEnglewood Golf ClubEnglewood, New Jersey2904 strokes Tom McNamara300
1908Fred McLeod ScotlandMyopia Hunt ClubSouth Hamilton, Massachusetts322Playoff Willie Smith300
1907Alec Ross ScotlandPhiladelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's CoursePhiladelphia, Pennsylvania3022 strokes Gilbert Nicholls300
1906Alex Smith ScotlandOnwentsia ClubLake Forest, Illinois2957 strokes Willie Smith300
1905Willie Anderson (4) ScotlandMyopia Hunt ClubSouth Hamilton, Massachusetts3142 strokes Alex Smith200
1904Willie Anderson (3) ScotlandGlen View ClubGolf, Illinois3034 strokes Gilbert Nicholls200
1903Willie Anderson (2) ScotlandBaltusrol Golf Club, Original CourseSpringfield, New Jersey307Playoff David Brown200
1902Laurie Auchterlonie ScotlandGarden City Golf ClubGarden City, New York3076 strokes Stewart Gardner
Walter Travis (a)
1901Willie Anderson ScotlandMyopia Hunt ClubSouth Hamilton, Massachusetts331Playoff Alex Smith200
1900Harry Vardon JerseyChicago Golf ClubWheaton, Illinois3132 strokes J.H. Taylor200
1899Willie Smith ScotlandBaltimore Country Club, Roland Park CourseBaltimore, Maryland31511 strokes Val Fitzjohn
George Low
Bert Way
1898Fred Herd ScotlandMyopia Hunt ClubSouth Hamilton, Massachusetts3287 strokes Alex Smith150
1897Joe Lloyd EnglandChicago Golf ClubWheaton, Illinois1621 stroke Willie Anderson150
1896James Foulis ScotlandShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New York1523 strokes Horace Rawlins150
1895Horace Rawlins EnglandNewport Country ClubNewport, Rhode Island1732 strokes Willie Dunn150

(a) denotes amateur

Summary by course, state and region

State totals – preceding courses are in that state
Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Region totals – each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions
Total U.S. Opens
Col. 4 shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Course/State/Region No. Years hosted Geog.
Myopia Hunt Club 4 1908, 1905, 1901, 1898 MA
The Country Club 3 1988, 1963, 1913 MA
Worcester Country Club 1 1925 MA
Brae Burn Country Club 1 1919 MA
Total Massachusetts 9 NewEng
Newport Country Club 1 1895 RI
Total Rhode Island 1 NewEng
Total New England 10 NEast
Winged Foot Golf Club 5 2006, 1984, 1974, 1959,
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club 5 2018, 2004, 1995, 1986, 1896 NY
Oak Hill Country Club 3 1989, 1968, 1956 NY
Bethpage Black Course 2 2009, 2002 NY
Fresh Meadow Country Club 1 1932 NY
Inwood Country Club 1 1923 NY
Country Club of Buffalo 1 1912 NY
Garden City Golf Club 1 1902 NY
Total New York 19 MidAtl
Oakmont Country Club 9 2016, 2007, 1994, 1983, 1973,
1962, 1953, 1935, 1927
Merion Golf Club 5 2013, 1981, 1971, 1950,
Philadelphia Cricket Club 2 1910, 1907 PA
Philadelphia Country Club 1 1939 PA
Total Pennsylvania 17 MidAtl
Baltusrol Golf Club 7 1993, 1980, 1967, 1954,
1936, 1915, 1903
Englewood Golf Club 1 1909 NJ
Total New Jersey 8 MidAtl
Congressional Country Club 3 2011, 1997, 1964 MD
Baltimore Country Club 1 1899 MD
Columbia Country Club 1 1921 MD
Total Maryland 5 MidAtl
Total Mid-Atlantic 49 NEast
Total Northeast 59 USA
Pinehurst Resort 3 2014, 2005, 1999 NC
Total North Carolina 3 SthAtl
Atlanta Athletic Club 1 1976 GA
Total Georgia 1 SthAtl
Total South Atlantic 4 South
Total East South Central 0 South
Southern Hills Country Club 3 2001, 1977, 1958 OK
Total Oklahoma 3 WSC
Champions Golf Club 1 1969 TX
Colonial Country Club 1 1941 TX
Northwood Club 1 1952 TX
Total Texas 3 WSC
Total West South Central 6 South
Total South 10 USA
Medinah Country Club 3 1990, 1975, 1949 IL
Chicago Golf Club 3 1911, 1900, 1897 IL
Olympia Fields Country Club 2 2003, 1928 IL
North Shore Country Club 1 1933 IL
Skokie Country Club 1 1922 IL
Midlothian Country Club 1 1914 IL
Onwentsia Club 1 1906 IL
Glen View Club 1 1904 IL
Total Illinois 13 ENC
Inverness Club 4 1979, 1957, 1931, 1920 OH
Canterbury Golf Club 2 1946, 1940 OH
Scioto Country Club 1 1926 OH
Total Ohio 7 ENC
Oakland Hills Country Club 6 1996,1985,1961,1951,
Total Michigan 6 ENC
Total East North Central 26 Midwest
Hazeltine National Golf Club 2 1991, 1970 MN
Interlachen Country Club 1 1930 MN
The Minikahda Club 1 1916 MN
Total Minnesota 4 WNC
Bellerive Country Club 1 1965 MO
St. Louis Country Club 1 1947 MO
Total Missouri 2 WNC
Erin Hills 1 2017 WI
Total Wisconsin 1 WNC
Total West North Central 7 Midwest
Total Midwest 33 USA
Cherry Hills Country Club 3 1978, 1960, 1938 CO
Total Colorado 3 Mtn
Total Mountain 3 West
Olympic Club 5 2012,1998,1987,1966,
Pebble Beach Golf Links 6 2019,2010,2000,1992,1982,
Torrey Pines Golf Course 1 2008 CA
Riviera Country Club 1 1948 CA
Total California 13 Pac
Chambers Bay 1 2015 WA
Total Washington 1 Pac
Total Pacific 14 West
Total West 17 USA
Total U.S. Opens 119

The eighteenth state to host the tournament was Washington in 2015, followed by Wisconsin in 2017.


  • Oldest champion: Hale Irwin in 1990 at 45 years, 15 days.
  • Youngest champion: John McDermott in 1911 at 19 years, 315 days.
  • Oldest player to make the cut: Sam Snead in 1973 at 61 years old. He tied for 29th place.
  • Most victories: 4 by Willie Anderson 1901, 1903–1905; Bobby Jones 1923, 1926, 1929–30; Ben Hogan 1948, 1950–51, 1953; Jack Nicklaus 1962, 1967, 1972, 1980. NOTE: Hogan also won the 1942 Hale America National Open which was held jointly by the USGA, PGA and Chicago GA for the benefit of the Navy Relief Society and the USO.
  • Most consecutive victories: 3 by Willie Anderson 1903–1905.
  • Most consecutive victorious attempts: 3 by Ben Hogan 1948, 1950–51
  • Most consecutive attempts in top 2: 5 by Bobby Jones 1922–1926
  • Most consecutive attempts in top 5: 6 by Willie Anderson 1901–1906
  • Most consecutive attempts in top 10: 16 by Ben Hogan 1940–1956 (next highest streak 7)
  • Most runner-up finishes: Phil Mickelson – 6 (1999, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2013)
  • Most consecutive Opens started: 44 by Jack Nicklaus from 1957 to 2000.
  • Largest margin of victory: 15 strokes by Tiger Woods, 2000. This is the all-time record for all majors.
  • Lowest score for 36 holes: 130 – Martin Kaymer (65–65), rounds 1–2, 2014.
  • Lowest score for 54 holes: 199 – Rory McIlroy (65–66–68), rounds 1–3, 2011; Louis Oosthuizen (66-66-67), rounds 2-4, 2015.
  • Lowest score for 72 holes: 268 – Rory McIlroy (65–66–68–69), rounds 1–4, 2011.
  • Most strokes under par for 72 holes: 16-under (268) by Rory McIlroy, 2011; 16-under (272) by Brooks Koepka, 2017.
  • Most strokes under par at any point in the tournament: 17 by Rory McIlroy, final round, 2011.[18]
  • Lowest score for 18 holes: 63 – Johnny Miller, 4th round, 1973; Jack Nicklaus, 1st, 1980; Tom Weiskopf, 1st, 1980; Vijay Singh, 2nd, 2003; Justin Thomas, 3rd, 2017; Tommy Fleetwood, 4th, 2018.
  • Lowest score for 18 holes in relation to par: −9 Justin Thomas, 3rd round, 2017.
  • All four rounds under par (golfers who did not win the tournament in italics):[19]
  • All four rounds under 70: Trevino, 1968; Janzen, 1993; McIlroy, 2011.[18]
  • Most frequent venues:

There is an extensive records section on the official U.S. Open website.[20]


As of 2015, Fox Sports is the official broadcaster of the U.S. Open,[21] as the result of a 12-year deal with the USGA for exclusive rights to its tournaments through 2026. Coverage will be telecast by Fox (over-the-air) and FS1 (cable).[22]

The 2019 edition of the U.S. Open featured a total of 38 hours of coverage in the United States, with 20 hours being on Thursday and Friday, and 18 hours being on Saturday and Sunday; the Fox Sports 1 cable network carried a total of 14 hours of coverage on Thursday and Friday. The Fox broadcast network had a total of 24 hours of coverage Thursday through Sunday, with 6 hours Thursday and Friday, and 18 hours Saturday and Sunday. The overall 38–hour total is up 1 hour from last year's total of 37 hours, due to the Fox broadcast network's coverage having 24 hours this year, compared to the 23.5 hours it had last year, and the Fox Sports 1 cable network's 14 hours this year, compared to the 13.5 hours it had last year.

Coverage was previously televised by NBC and ESPN through 2014. NBC's most recent period as rightsholder began in 1995; ABC held the broadcast rights from 1966 through 1994.[23]

In Australia, from 2015 Fox Sports Australia is the exclusive broadcaster of the U.S. open until 2018.[24]

Future sites

Year Edition Course Location Dates Times hosted
2020120thWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New YorkJune 18–211929, 1959, 1974, 1984, 2006
2021121stTorrey Pines Golf Course, South CourseLa Jolla, CaliforniaJune 17–202008
2022122ndThe Country ClubBrookline, MassachusettsJune 16–191913, 1963, 1988
2023123rdLos Angeles Country Club, North CourseLos Angeles, CaliforniaJune 15–18Never
2024124thPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North CarolinaJune 13–161999, 2005, 2014
2025125thOakmont Country ClubOakmont, PennsylvaniaJune 12–151927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016
2026126thShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New YorkJune 18–211896, 1986, 1995, 2004, 2018
2027127thPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, CaliforniaJune 17–201972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019

See also


  1. Most of the course lies within the hamlet of Old Bethpage, but the clubhouse is in Farmingdale, and the park has a Farmingdale postal address. Both places are within the Town of Oyster Bay.
  2. La Jolla is a neighborhood within the city of San Diego that has a unique postal identity.
  3. The course straddles the border between Daly City and San Francisco; the club's postal address is in San Francisco.
  4. The club has a Rochester postal address, but is located in the adjacent town of Pittsford.
  5. The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.
  6. The club has a St. Louis postal address, but is located in the Missouri suburb of Town and Country.
  7. Pacific Palisades is a neighborhood within the city of Los Angeles that has a unique postal identity.


  1. Gray, Will (May 28, 2019). "USGA increases purses for U.S. Open, U.S. Women's Open". Golf Channel.
  2. Brent Kelley. "First Winner of US Open Golf Tournament". About.com Sports.
  3. "US Open Golf History".
  4. "112th U.S. Open Championship application form" (PDF). USGA. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 25, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  5. "U.S. Open – Exemption List". USGA. Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  6. "U.S. Junior, Mid-Amateur Champs to Receive U.S. Open, Women's Open Exemptions" (Press release). USGA. October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
  7. "USGA - Changes Made To Exemptions For 2012 USGA Championships". USGA. February 23, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  8. "New Exemption Changes for U.S. Women's and U.S. Amateur" (Press release). USGA. August 5, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  9. "U.S. Open to expand world-ranking use". ESPN. Associated Press. February 5, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
  10. "USGA Announces Changes To Exemption Categories" (Press release). USGA. February 5, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  11. "2012 U.S. Open Championship Media Guide" (PDF). United States Golf Association. p. 31. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  12. "U.S. Open: Special Exemptions". USGA. December 12, 2016.
  13. Gray, Will (May 17, 2016). "Two-time champ Goosen gets U.S. Open exemption". Golf Channel.
  14. Herrington, Ryan (March 14, 2018). "USGA gives Ernie Els, Jim Furyk special exemptions into 2018 U.S. Open at Shinnecock Hills". Golf Digest.
  15. "U.S. Open abandons 18 holes for 2-hole playoff". ESPN. Associated Press. February 26, 2018.
  16. "Champions". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
  17. "Age". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
  18. "Rory McIlroy runs away with Open title". ESPN. June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
  19. Murray, Scott (June 19, 2011). "US Open 2011 – day four as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  20. "U.S. Open History – Records". USGA. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
  21. Haggar, Jeff (June 10, 2013). "History of US Open golf TV coverage (1954-present)". Classic TV Sports.
  22. Baysinger, Tim (August 7, 2013). "Fox Sports Reaches Rights Deal for Golf's U.S. Open". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  23. Rosaforte, Tim (June 27, 1994). "See Ya Later". Sports Illustrated. p. 49. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  24. Knox, David (April 9, 2015). "Fox Sports tees off with more Golf". TV Tonight. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
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