Chinese aircraft carrier Shandong

Shandong (17; Chinese: 山东舰) is a first-generation Chinese aircraft carrier that was launched on 26 April 2017 for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China. It is the country's second aircraft carrier after the completion of Liaoning, and the first built domestically.

Shandong (17)
Type 002 aircraft carrier after launching at Dalian (2017)
History
China
Name:
  • Shāndōng jiàn
  • (Chinese: 山东舰)
Namesake: Shandong Province
Builder: Dalian Shipbuilding Industry
Laid down: March 2015
Launched: 26 April 2017
Completed: 25 April 2018
Commissioned: 17 December 2019
Status: In active service
General characteristics (as designed)
Class and type: Type 002-class aircraft carrier
Displacement:
  • 55,000 tons (when completed)[1][2]
  • 70,000 tons full load[3]
Length: 315 m (1,033 ft)[4]
Beam: 75 metres (246 ft)[4]
Propulsion: Conventional steam turbines, 4 shafts
Speed: 31 knots (36 mph; 57 km/h)[4]
Armament:
Aircraft carried:

History

Construction

The carrier was constructed by the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry, part of the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, in Dalian, Liaoning province, China.[5] According to the state media service Xinhua, The started fabrication of vessel in November 2013, and the laid down the keel for its hull in a drydock began in March 2015.[5] The Chinese government did not publicly confirm the ship's existence until construction was well underway. Satellite imagery for the defense analysis industry showed the aircraft carrier in the early stages of hull assembly by March 2015. Public photos of a hull with military characteristics at the Dalian shipyard surfaced on the internet the next month.[6][7] In October 2015, the first definite signs of the vessel's role appeared when construction of a hangar deck began on the hull.[7] In December 2015, a Chinese defense ministry spokesman confirmed that the ship was an aircraft carrier, stating that the design and construction work was under way.[8]

In May 2016, the ski jump takeoff ramp was noted to be close to installation.[9] The ship's island superstructure was fabricated in two parts: the nine-deck forward half, containing the bridge and main mast, was installed by September of that year, while the aft half, with the funnel and air intakes, was installed in the weeks that followed.[10][11] By the end of 2016, the ship was substantially structurally complete.[12]

The type of the carrier is Type 002.

Outfitting

Following the launch, the carrier was fitted-out and underwent early tests of the propulsion system.[13] After fitting-out was completed in November 2017, dockside system trials began.[14]

At the time of its launch, the ship was not expected to be delivered to PLAN until 2020; however, successful early tests put the project ahead of schedule and media reports indicated that it could enter the navy fleet in 2019.[13] While its predecessor Liaoning has been used largely as a training ship since it entered active service in 2012, the Type 002 is expected to be used in regular military operational service.[15]

Sea trials

The Type 002 first sea trials occurred in May 2018 in the Bohai Sea.[16] Trials continued through August 2019.[17]

The carrier entered naval service on 17 December 2019 as the Shandong.[18]

Design

The aircraft carrier's design is largely based on China's first carrier Liaoning, which was itself built from the partially-complete hull of the Soviet Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier Varyag.[10] It retains the ski jump takeoff, which limits its air wing to helicopters and Shenyang J-15 fighter jets,[9][12] and the ship is powered by conventional oil-fired boilers driving eight steam turbines derived from the Soviet-designed examples installed on Liaoning.[10][19] It measures about 315 metres (1,033 ft) long, with a displacement of about 55,000 tonnes (70,000 loaded).[20][15]

However, it carries modifications and upgrades compared to Liaoning. It has increased storage for ammunition and fuel, with a larger aircraft capacity of 44 aircraft, eight more than Liaoning.[21][15][22] It has a broader flight deck, while the island superstructure on Type 002 is also shorter to give more space for aircraft movements.[21] The island also has redesigned radars and a new bridge, while the fleet command and flight control tower are on separate floors for more efficiency.[11][21][23] It includes an active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar system.[24]

Future carriers, such as the Type 002 aircraft carrier, are planned to use an Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) that allows the launch of heavier aircraft as well as more advanced aircraft such as the Shenyang J-31 or the Chengdu J-20.[25][26]

See also

References

  1. Pike, John (2 September 2017). "Kuznetsov Class - Project 1143.5". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  2. "Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetsov". RusNavy.com. Archived from the original on 7 October 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  3. "China, Sending a Signal, Launches a Home-Built Aircraft Carrier". The New York Times. 25 April 2017. Archived from the original on 8 March 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  4. Chan, Minnie (12 April 2017). "10 things you should know about China's first home-built aircraft carrier". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  5. "China launches second aircraft carrier". Xinhua. 26 April 2017. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  6. "China may be building first indigenous carrier". Jane's Defence Weekly. IHS. 27 September 2015. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  7. "China's First Homemade Carrier Moves Forward". Popular Science. 27 October 2015. Archived from the original on 2 May 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  8. "China Begins Building Second Aircraft Carrier". The Wall Street Journal. 31 December 2015. Archived from the original on 27 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  9. "China's New Carrier Gets A Ski Ramp". Popular Science. 20 May 2016. Archived from the original on 2 May 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  10. "Further progress made on China's Type 001A carrier". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. 26 September 2016. Archived from the original on 1 November 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  11. "China Adds An Island Tower To Its Aircraft Carrier". Popular Science. 6 October 2016. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  12. "Analysis: Chinese aircraft carrier program progressing substantially into the new year". Defense News. 31 January 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  13. "China's first home-grown aircraft carrier could join the navy ahead of schedule". South China Morning Post. 4 August 2017. Archived from the original on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  14. "China's first domestically built aircraft carrier completes outfitting". China Daily. 23 November 2017. Archived from the original on 23 April 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  15. "China Launches First Home-Built Aircraft Carrier, Boosting Naval Power". The Wall Street Journal. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  16. LaGrone, Sam (22 May 2018). "First Chinese-built Carrier Returns from Successful Sea Trials". USNI News. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  17. "Chinese-made aircraft carrier Type 001A to start a 4 days sea trials". 6 August 2019. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  18. "Xi Jinping attends commissioning ceremony of first Chinese-built aircraft carrier". news.cgtn.com. 17 December 2019.
  19. "China's first home-grown Type 002 aircraft carrier begins maiden sea trial". South China Morning Post. 23 April 2018. Archived from the original on 29 April 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  20. "China, Sending a Signal, Launches a Home-Built Aircraft Carrier". The New York Times. 25 April 2017. Archived from the original on 8 March 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  21. "Here's what we know about China's newest aircraft carriers". News.AU. 23 April 2018. Archived from the original on 13 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  22. "China's first homegrown aircraft carrier heads out for sea trial". CNN. 13 May 2018. Archived from the original on 13 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  23. Rogoway, Tyler (13 May 2018). "Mothership's Day: China's New Carrier Sets Sail, French Fly From USS George H.W. Bush". The Drive. Archived from the original on 10 September 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  24. Mizokami, Kyle (7 September 2018). "Inside China's Plan to Build the Second-Biggest Aircraft Carrier Fleet in the World". Foxtrot Alpha. Jalopnik. Archived from the original on 7 September 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  25. China's making major progress with its aircraft carrier tech Archived 25 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Popular Science. 16 August 2017.
  26. Dominguez, Gabriel (7 December 2017). "Future Chinese carriers to deploy J-20, J-31 stealth fighters, says report". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 8 December 2017.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.