Tweed Bridge

The Tweed Bridge is a stone-built road bridge of five spans over the River Tweed in Peebles, in the Scottish Borders.

Tweed Bridge
Coordinates55.650331°N 3.192665°W / 55.650331; -3.192665
CarriesB7062 public road
CrossesRiver Tweed
Characteristics
MaterialStone
Width40 feet (12 m)
No. of spans5
History
Construction end15th century

History

The Tweed Bridge is medieval in origin, although the exact date of its construction is unknown.[1] Records show that a stone bridge has been maintained at the site since the middle of the 15th century, and work done in 1465 may have been the construction of a new bridge or substantial rebuilding or maintenance of an existing one.[2][1][3] A mason known as John of Peebles may have worked on the bridge at that time.[1] A plaque on the bridge states that it was originally a wooden bridge clad in stone.[4]

It was reconstructed in 1663 using stone from St Andrew's Church which had been destroyed in 1548 by an English army as part of the Rough Wooing.[2] John Hisplop added three additional arches to the south end of the bridge in 1799, but these were removed when the Peebles Railway was built.[1]

The bridge was widened from 8 feet (2.4 m) to 21 feet (6.4 m) in 1834 by adding stonework to both sides.[5][6] This work was done by John and Thomas Smith of Darnick, and the cost of around GB£1,000 was funded by public subscription.[5] Between 1897 and 1900, it was widened again to 40 feet (12 m) by adding to the downstream side.[5] This work, which cost about GB£8,000, was done by McTaggart, Cowan and Barker, and funded by the Town Council.[5]

On the south side of the bridge the remains of Second World War defences were evident until the road was resurfaced.[7]

The bridge was listed as a category A listed building in 1971.[5] Plans are being considered for an additional bridge over the Tweed in the town.[8][9]

Design

The five spans vary in length from 38 feet (12 m) to 42 feet (13 m).[1] The oldest part of the bridge uses arches which are almost circular, but the more modern parts use flatter segmental arches.[1] On the upstream side the piers have triangular ashlar cutwaters, and rounded profiles on the downstream side.[2][5] At the north end of the bridge is an arched ramp to the east that leads to Tweed Green.[5][10]

The Tweed Bridge is the only road crossing of the Tweed within Peebles.[2] It carries the B7062 public road, which is two lanes wide at this point.[10] Near to the Tweed Bridge is the Cuddy Bridge, a single arch bridge over the Eddleston Water, a tributary of the Tweed.[11]

References

  1. "Peebles, Tweed Bridge". rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  2. "Tweed Bridge, Peebles". engineering-timelines.com. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  3. Renwick, Robert (1903). Peebles: Burgh and Parish in Early History. A. Redpath. p. 61.
  4. Tweed Bridge (15th century). Plaque on bridge.
  5. Historic Environment Scotland. "Tweed Bridge  (Category A) (LB39278)". Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  6. Peebles and its Neighbourhood, with a Run on Peebles Railway. 1856. p. 44.
  7. "Peebles, Tweed Bridge (Peebles Defences)". rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  8. "Peebles new River Tweed road bridge options examined". BBC News. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  9. "Progress made on new Tweed Bridge". Peeblesshire News. 5 May 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  10. Google (19 March 2015). "Tweed Bridge" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  11. "Peebles, Cuddy Bridge". rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
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