Turkish passports are issued in accordance with the Passport Act (No. 5682) from 15 July 1950 to Turkish citizens to travel abroad. Residents of the de facto state of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) are also eligible to apply for a Turkish passport if they wish to, as well as the TRNC passport or the Republic of Cyprus EU passport. Turkish settlers in the northern part of Cyprus are not entitled to Cypriot citizenship.
The front cover of a current Turkish biometric passport
|First issued||1 April 2018 (biometric passport)|
|Expiration||10 years (5 years if under 18)|
Passports issued since 1 June 2010 are biometric and valid for up to 10 years (5 years for special passports).
Ranked in the Henley & Partners Passport Index, a Turkish Passport placed 35th in 2019.
- Ordinary passport (Turkish: Umuma mahsus pasaport), after 2010 also referred to as Maroon Passport (Turkish: Bordo pasaport). It is issued to Turkish citizens who don't qualify for any of the following passport types.
- Special passport (Turkish: Hususi pasaport), also referred to as the Green Passport (Turkish: Yeşil pasaport) allows the bearer to travel visa-free to some countries. As opposed to the regular passport, it is exempt from the passport fee and is only subject to the booklet fee (TRY133.50 [c. USD25] as of 2019). It is issued to;
- Service passport (Turkish: Hizmet pasaportu), also referred to as the Grey Passport (Turkish: Gri pasaport). It is issued to;
- People who do not qualify for the Special or diplomatic passports, however, are assigned to travel abroad for official and/or government related purposes.
- National athletes
- Turkish citizens working for International organizations of which Turkey is a member
- Employees of the Red Crescent
- Employees of the Turkish Aeronautical Association
- Spouse of the service passport holders
- Unwed and unemployed children of the service passport holders who live with parents, until they turn 25.
- Diplomatic passport (Turkish: Diplomatik pasaport), after 2010 also referred to as Black Passport (Turkish: Siyah pasaport). It is issued to;
- Members of the National Assembly, and the non-PM ministers
- Head judges of the judicial organs, and their deputies
- Negotiators that are to deal with international issues
- Spouse of the diplomatic passport holders. However, this passport can only be used when accompanying the primary passport holder.
- Unwed and unemployed daughters, and sons younger than 18 years of age of the diplomatic passport holders who live with parents. However, this passport can only be used when accompanying the primary passport holder.
Turkish Biometric passports (Turkish: Biyometrik pasaport), compatible with the new ICAO standards, have been available since 1 June 2010. Applications for the new passports can be submitted online through the government's website . Passports are then sent via mail.
The biometric passports have different colored covers; regular passports in maroon and diplomatic passports in black, in compliance with ICAO standards.
A Turkish passport has been one of the most expensive passports in the world for many years. As a result of increasing public demands, the cost of ordinary passports was almost halved in June 2010. Despite the massive reduction, the Turkish passport remains one of the most expensive passports in the world (after Lebanese (USD330) and Australian (USD197) passport - for 10 years). The passport law was then amended to increase the maximum validity of a passport from 5 to 10 years. It currently costs TRY945.10 (USD165) for a 10-year passport, including the compulsory booklet fee. In addition to the expensive passport prices, the Turkish state charges TRY50 (c. USD9) from Turkish passport holders (excluding ship and aircraft crew, those who live abroad and those with dual citizenship) every single time they leave Turkey.
Visa requirements for Turkish citizens
Holders of an ordinary Turkish passport may travel without a visa, or with a visa received upon arrival, to 104 countries, as of 2014 according to the Visa Restrictions Index. European Union is planning to introduce visa free travel for Turkish citizens in 2020.
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