Turkish Football Federation

The Turkish Football Federation (Turkish: Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu; TFF) is the governing body of association football in Turkey. It was formed on 23 April 1923, and joined FIFA the same year and UEFA in 1962. It organizes the Turkish national teams, the Turkish Football League and the Turkish Cup.

Turkish Football Federation
UEFA
Founded1923
FIFA affiliation1923
UEFA affiliation1962
PresidentNihat Özdemir
Websitewww.tff.org

Turkish football league system

The Turkish football league system is divided into eight tiers, ranging from the top-tier Süper Lig to local amateur divisions.

Turkish Cup

The Turkish Cup changed its name to the Federation Cup (Turkish: Federasyon Kupası) in the 198081 season, then back to Turkish Cup in 199293.

Controversial denial of former national championships

The TFF organized a nationwide championship as early as 1924. That year the Turkish Football Championship (Turkish: Türkiye Futbol Şampiyonası) was held in order to bring forth a national football champion.[1][2] The championship format was based on a knockout competition, contested between the winners of each of the country's regional leagues. Some years later, in 1937, the first national league called Millî Küme was introduced. The league was held until 1950, one year before the Turkish Football Championship was also abolished.[3][4]

Even though both competitions were organized by the TFF and were official championships respectively,[5][6] they are not acknowledged and counted by the very same federation which held them. Until today no official reason or motive was given for the unparalleled and irregular denial. All other football associations in Europe without exception consequently acknowledge their former national championships. The Turkish Federation is the only one with such a stance.

As a result, Ankara Demirspor became the first club to officially demand the federation to acknowledge their championship title won in those decades, but received no answer at all to date.[7] Club president Nuğman Yavuz stated that he contacted the Turkish Federation twice, but the federation did not respond in any way.[8] Similarly, Fenerbahçe also requested proper acknowledgement of these national championship titles, and faced the same unconstructive reaction.[9] Having won a total of nine titles in both former championships, the club demands to have those official titles rightfully acknowledged.[10][11][12][13]

The lack of comprehension and awareness concerning the baseless denial of proper championship titles is growing in the general Turkish public and among Turkish sports people. For instance, Mehmet Demirkol, a renowned sports writer and commentator, stated that Beşiktaş won their 20th championship title overall in the 2016–17 season, not their 15th.[14][15][Video 1] Numerous other sports writers, persons of authority, politicians, and officials also openly expressed their opinions on this issue and reinforced the view that the Turkish federation should unambiguously acknowledge and count the former championship titles.[16][17][18][19][20][Video 2][Video 3]

Hosting bids

Turkey has had several unsuccessful bids to host the UEFA European Championship.

Turkey submitted a joint bid with Greece for UEFA Euro 2008, which failed. Their bid for UEFA Euro 2012 was also unsuccessful, with the competition going to Poland and Ukraine. The federation also submitted a bid to host UEFA Euro 2016, but on May 28, 2010, UEFA announced that Euro 2016 would be hosted by France. France beat bids of Turkey (7-6 in voting in second voting round) and Italy, which had the fewest votes in the first voting round. Turkey were also bidding for UEFA Euro 2024, competing against Germany. Germany were announced the hosts on September 27, 2018 at the UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland.

Turkey had already hosted the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final and the 2009 UEFA Cup Final in Istanbul.[21] At the youth-level, they hosted the UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship in 2008, after first hosting the event back in 1993.

Summary

As of May 2019

Event Gold Silver Bronze Total
Football
FIFA World Cup0011/21
FIFA U-20 World Cup0000/22
FIFA U-17 World Cup0000/18
FIFA Club World Cup0000/16
FIFA Confederations Cup0011/10
FIFA Women's World Cup0000/8
FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup0000/9
FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup0000/7
FIFA Women's Club World Cup0000/1
UEFA European Championship0011/15
UEFA European Under-21 Championship0000/21
UEFA European Under-19 Championship1225/65
UEFA European Under-17 Championship2013/37
UEFA Nations League0000/1
UEFA Women's Championship0000/12
UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship0000/20
UEFA Women's Under-17 Championship0000/12
UEFA–CAF Meridian Cup0011/5
Football at the Summer Olympics0000/34
Football at the Mediterranean Games17210/18
Football at the Islamic Solidarity Games0011/3
UEFA Champions League0011/64
UEFA Europa League1012/48
UEFA Super Cup1001/43
UEFA Youth League0000/6
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup0000/39
UEFA Women's Champions League0000/18
UEFA Regions' Cup0022/10
UEFA Amateur Cup0000/4
Balkan Cup0101/11
Balkans Cup3137/27
ECO Cup3205/6
Futsal
FIFA Futsal World Cup0000/9
UEFA Futsal Championship0000/11
UEFA Futsal Under-21 Championship0000/1
UEFA Under-19 Futsal Championship0000/1
UEFA Women's Futsal Championship0000/1
UEFA Futsal Champions League0000/18
Beach Soccer
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup0000/20
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup qualification (UEFA)0000/7
Euro Beach Soccer League0000/21
Euro Beach Soccer Cup0000/15
Euro Winners Cup0011/7
Women's Euro Winners Cup0000/4
Beach Soccer at the European Games0000/2
Beach Soccer at the Mediterranean Beach Games0000/2
eSports
FIFA eWorld Cup0000/14
Total11141843

Presidents

As of 18 August 2019[22]
  • Yusuf Ziya Öniş (1922–1926)
  • Muvaffak Menemencioğlu (1926–1931)
  • Hamdi Emin Çap (1931–1937)
  • Sedat Rıza İstek (1937–1938)
  • Danyal Akbel (1938–1943)
  • Ziya Ateş (1943)
  • Sadi Karsan (1943–1948)
  • Vildan Aşir Savaşır (1948–1949)
  • Ulvi Ziya Yenal (1949–1952)
  • Mehmet Arkan (1952)
  • Mümtaz Tarhan (1952)
  • Orhan Şeref Apak (1952–1954)
  • Ulvi Ziya Yenal (1954)
  • Hasan Polat (1954–1957)
  • Orhan Şeref Apak (1957–1958)
  • Safa Yalçuk (1958–1959)
  • Faik Gökay (1959–1960)
  • Muhterem Özyurt (1960–1961)
  • Bekir Silahçılar (1961)
  • Orhan Şeref Apak (1961–1964)
  • Muhterem Özyurt (1964–1965)
  • Orhan Şeref Apak (1965–1970)
  • Hasan Polat (1970–1976)
  • Füruzan Tekil (1976–1977)
  • Sabahattin Erman (1977)
  • İbrahim İskeçe (1977–1978)
  • Sahir Gürkan (1978)
  • Güngör Sayarı (1978–1979)
  • Cemal Saltık (1979–1980)
  • İbrahim İskeçe (1980)
  • Mazhar Zorlu (1980)
  • Doğan Andaç (1980)
  • Yılmaz Tokatlı (1980–1984)
  • A. Kemal Ulusu (1984–1985)
  • Erdoğan Ünver (1985–1986)
  • Erdenay Oflaz (1986)
  • Ali Uras (1986–1987)
  • Halim Çorbalı (1987–1989)
  • Şenes Erzik (1989–1997)
  • Özkan Olcay (1997)
  • Abdullah Kiğılı (1997)
  • Haluk Ulusoy (1997–2004)
  • Levent Bıçakcı (2004–2006)
  • Haluk Ulusoy (2006–2008)
  • Hasan Doğan (15 February 2008 – 5 July 2008)
  • Mahmut Özgener (19 August 2008–29. June 2011)
  • Mehmet Ali Aydınlar (29 June 2011 – 31 January 2012)
  • Yıldırım Demirören (27 February 2012 – 1 March 2019)
  • Hüsnü Güreli (1 March 2019 – 1 June 2019) (interim)
  • Nihat Özdemir (1 June 2019 –)

See also

References

  1. "Türkiye Futbol Birinciliği". Erdinç Sivritepe. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  2. "Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Kuruluyor". tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 1936'ya kadar süren bu dönemde ilk Türkiye Şampiyonası Ankara'da yapılmış ve şampiyon Harbiye olmuştur.
  3. "Milli Küme". Erdinç Sivritepe. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  4. "Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu Kuruluyor". tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017. ...ilk deplasmanlı lig kapsamındaki Milli Küme maçları da yine bu dönemde tertip edilmiştir.
  5. "Turkey – List of Champions". rsssf.com. RSSSF. Archived from the original on 26 September 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  6. "First National League and Cup Competitions and a Super Cup". Erdinç Sivritepe. Archived from the original on 27 May 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  7. "65 yıl sonra, şampiyonluğunun peşinde" (in Turkish). Hürriyet. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  8. "Ankara Demirspor şampiyonluğunu istiyor". haber7.com (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  9. "F.Bahçe, 9 şampiyonluğunu istiyor". sporx.com (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  10. "G.Birliği ve A.Gücü Şampiyon Oluyor". sporyolu.com (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 27 May 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  11. "Fenerbahçe 1959 öncesi için çalışma başlattı". ntvspor.net (in Turkish). NTV Spor. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  12. "Fenerbahçe 5. yıldızı istiyor". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Hürriyet. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  13. "19 değil, 28 şampiyonluk". trthaber.com (in Turkish). TRT Haber. Archived from the original on 22 November 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  14. "Mehmet Demirkol: Beşiktaş'ın 20. şampiyonluğu bu". kralspor.ensonhaber.com (in Turkish). En Son Haber. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  15. "Mehmet Demirkol: Beşiktaş'ın 20 şampiyonluğu var!". fanatik.com.tr (in Turkish). Fanatik. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  16. "1959'dan önceki şampiyonluklar nerede?". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Ali Can Yaycılı. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  17. "19 değil 28 şampiyonluk kanıtlarla". sporyazarlari.com (in Turkish). Metin Sipahioğlu. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  18. "Futbolumuzun miladı; takımların gerçek şampiyonluk sayıları nedir?". milliyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Uzay Gökerman. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  19. "Ben, "28." diyorum…". hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Ateş Bakan. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  20. "FENERBAHÇE'NİN KAÇ ŞAMPİYONLUĞU VAR ??". abcspor.com (in Turkish). Burak Belgen. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  21. "BBC: Man City stadium given Uefa final". BBC News. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
  22. "TFF Başkanlarının Dönemleri ve Yönetim Kurulları" [Periods of TFF Presidents and Board of Directors] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 18 August 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
Video references
  1. Mehmet Demirkol: Beşiktaş'ın 20 şampiyonluğu vardır. 15 falan değil! (YouTube video) (in Turkish). Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  2. 1959 Öncesi Şampiyonluklar Sayılmalı Mı? Emre Bol ve Turgay Demir Yorumları (YouTube video) (in Turkish). Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  3. '28 şampiyonluk' için resmi başvuru (YouTube video) (in Turkish). Retrieved 25 December 2017.

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