Turkey at the FIFA World Cup

This is a record of Turkey's results at the FIFA World Cup. The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

The tournament consists of two parts, the qualification phase and the final phase (officially called the World Cup Finals). The qualification phase, which currently take place over the three years preceding the Finals, is used to determine which teams qualify for the Finals. The current format of the Finals involves 32 teams competing for the title, at venues within the host nation (or nations) over a period of about a month. The World Cup Finals is the most widely viewed sporting event in the world, with an estimated 715.1 million people watching the 2006 tournament final.[1]

Turkey have appeared in the finals of the FIFA World Cup on two occasions: 1954 and 2002 where they finished third.[2][3][4]

Record at the FIFA World Cup

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
1930 Did not enter
1934 Withdrew
1938 Did not enter
1950 Qualified but withdrew 1 1 0 0 7 0
1954 Group stage 9th 3 1 0 2 10 11 3 1 1 1 4 6
1958 Withdrew
1962 Did not qualify 4 2 0 2 4 4
1966 6 1 0 5 4 19
1970 4 0 0 4 2 13
1974 6 2 2 2 5 3
1978 6 2 1 3 9 5
1982 8 0 0 8 1 22
1986 8 0 1 7 2 24
1990 8 3 1 4 12 10
1994 10 3 1 6 11 19
1998 8 4 2 2 21 9
2002 Third Place 3rd 7 4 1 2 10 6 12 8 3 1 24 8
2006 Did not qualify 14 7 5 2 27 13
2010 10 4 3 3 13 10
2014 10 5 1 4 16 9
2018 10 4 3 3 14 13
2022 To be determined
2026
Total Third Place 2/23 10 5 1 4 20 17 128 47 24 57 176 187
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks

By Match

World Cup Round Opponent Score Result Venue Scorers
1954Group stage West Germany1–4LBernS. Mamat
 South Korea7–0WGenevaB. Sargun (3), S. Mamat (2), L. Küçükandonyadis, E. Keskin
 West Germany2–7LZürichM. Ertan, L. Küçükandonyadis
2002Group stage Brazil1–2LUlsanH. Şaş
 Costa Rica1–1DIncheonE. Belözoğlu
 China PR3–0WSeoulH. Şaş, B. Korkmaz, Ü. Davala
Round of 16 Japan1–0WRifuÜ. Davala
Quarter-finals Senegal1–0 (a.e.t.)WOsakaİ. Mansız
Semi-finals Brazil0–1LSaitama
Third place play-off South Korea3–2WDaeguİ. Mansız (2), H. Şükür

Record by Opponent

FIFA World Cup matches (by team)
Opponent Wins Draws Losses Total Goals Scored Goals Conceded
 Brazil002213
 China PR100130
 Costa Rica010111
 Japan100110
 Senegal100110
 South Korea2002102
 West Germany0022311

Turkey at 1954 FIFA World Cup

Head coach: Sandro Puppo

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Club
1 1GK Turgay Şeren (captain) (1932-05-15)15 May 1932 (aged 22) 11 Galatasaray S.K.
2 2DF Rıdvan Bolatlı (1928-12-02)2 December 1928 (aged 25) 2 MKE Ankaragücü SK
3 2DF Basri Dirimlili (1929-06-07)7 June 1929 (aged 25) 3 Fenerbahçe SK
4 2DF Mustafa Ertan (1926-04-21)21 April 1926 (aged 28) 4 MKE Ankaragücü SK
5 3MF Çetin Zeybek (1932-09-12)12 September 1932 (aged 21) 2 Kasımpaşa SK
6 3MF Rober Eryol (1930-12-21)21 December 1930 (aged 23) 5 Galatasaray S.K.
7 4FW Erol Keskin (1927-03-02)2 March 1927 (aged 27) 1 Adalet SK Istanbul
8 4FW Suat Mamat (1930-11-08)8 November 1930 (aged 23) 2 Galatasaray S.K.
9 4FW Feridun Buğeker (1933-04-05)5 April 1933 (aged 21) 3 Fenerbahçe SK
10 4FW Burhan Sargun (1929-02-11)11 February 1929 (aged 25) 5 Fenerbahçe SK
11 4FW Lefter Küçükandonyadis (1925-12-22)22 December 1925 (aged 28) 3 Fenerbahçe SK
12 1GK Şükrü Ersoy (1934-01-14)14 January 1934 (aged 20) 3 Vefa SK
13 2DF Bülent Eken (1923-01-26)26 January 1923 (aged 31) 11 Galatasaray S.K.
14 2DF Ali Beratlıgil (1931-10-21)21 October 1931 (aged 22) 2 Galatasaray S.K.
15 3MF Mehmet Dinçer (1933-02-20)20 February 1933 (aged 21) 0 Fenerbahçe SK
16 2DF Nedim Günar (1932-01-02)2 January 1932 (aged 22) 0 Fenerbahçe SK
17 2DF Naci Erdem (1931-01-28)28 January 1931 (aged 23) 0 Fenerbahçe SK
18 2DF Kaçmaz Akgün (1935-02-19)19 February 1935 (aged 19) 1 MKE Ankaragücü SK
19 2DF Ahmet Berman (1932-01-01)1 January 1932 (aged 22) 0 Beşiktaş J.K.
20 4FW Necmi Onarıcı (1925-11-02)2 November 1925 (aged 28) 0 Adalet SK Istanbul
21 4FW Kadri Aytaç (1931-08-06)6 August 1931 (aged 22) 0 Galatasaray S.K.
22 4FW Coşkun Taş (1935-04-23)23 April 1935 (aged 19) 2 Beşiktaş J.K.

Group Stage

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Hungary 22001734
 West Germany 2101792
 Turkey 2101842
 South Korea 20020160
  • West Germany finished ahead of Turkey by winning a play-off
West Germany 4 – 1 Turkey
Schäfer  14'
Klodt  52'
O. Walter  60'
Morlock  84'
Report Suat  2'
Attendance: 39,000
Referee: Jose da Costa Vieira (Portugal)

Turkey 7 – 0 South Korea
Suat  10', 30'
Lefter  24'
Burhan  37', 64', 70'
Erol  76'
Report
Attendance: 3,000
Referee: Esteban Marino (Uruguay)

Play-off

West Germany 7 – 2 Turkey
O. Walter  7'
Schäfer  12', 79'
Morlock  30', 60', 77'
F. Walter  62'
Report Mustafa  21'
Lefter  82'
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Raymond Vincenti (France)

Turkey at 2002 FIFA World Cup

Head coach: Şenol Güneş

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Club
1 1GK Rüştü Reçber (1973-05-10)10 May 1973 (aged 29) 64 Fenerbahçe
2 2DF Emre Aşık (1973-12-13)13 December 1973 (aged 28) 16 Galatasaray
3 2DF Bülent Korkmaz (1968-11-24)24 November 1968 (aged 33) 68 Galatasaray
4 2DF Fatih Akyel (1977-12-26)26 December 1977 (aged 24) 36 Fenerbahçe
5 2DF Alpay Özalan (1973-05-29)29 May 1973 (aged 29) 62 Aston Villa
6 4FW Arif Erdem (1972-01-02)2 January 1972 (aged 30) 50 Galatasaray
7 3MF Okan Buruk (1973-10-19)19 October 1973 (aged 28) 26 Inter
8 3MF Tugay Kerimoğlu (1970-08-24)24 August 1970 (aged 31) 69 Blackburn Rovers
9 4FW Hakan Şükür (c) (1971-09-01)1 September 1971 (aged 30) 73 Parma
10 3MF Yıldıray Baştürk (1978-12-24)24 December 1978 (aged 23) 13 Bayer 04 Leverkusen
11 4FW Hasan Şaş (1976-08-01)1 August 1976 (aged 25) 14 Galatasaray
12 1GK Ömer Çatkıç (1974-10-15)15 October 1974 (aged 27) 6 Gaziantepspor
13 3MF Mustafa İzzet (1974-10-31)31 October 1974 (aged 27) 7 Leicester City
14 3MF Tayfur Havutçu (1970-04-23)23 April 1970 (aged 32) 39 Beşiktaş
15 4FW Nihat Kahveci (1979-11-23)23 November 1979 (aged 22) 11 Real Sociedad
16 2DF Ümit Özat (1976-10-30)30 October 1976 (aged 25) 14 Fenerbahçe
17 4FW İlhan Mansız (1975-08-10)10 August 1975 (aged 26) 6 Beşiktaş
18 3MF Ergün Penbe (1972-05-17)17 May 1972 (aged 30) 21 Galatasaray
19 3MF Abdullah Ercan (1971-12-08)8 December 1971 (aged 30) 70 Fenerbahçe
20 2DF Hakan Ünsal (1973-05-14)14 May 1973 (aged 29) 25 Galatasaray
21 3MF Emre Belözoğlu (1980-09-07)7 September 1980 (aged 21) 11 Inter
22 3MF Ümit Davala (1973-07-30)30 July 1973 (aged 28) 24 A.C. Milan
23 1GK Zafer Özgültekin (1975-03-10)10 March 1975 (aged 27) 1 Ankaragücü
Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Brazil 3 3 0 0 11 3 +8 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Turkey 3 1 1 1 5 3 +2 4
3  Costa Rica 3 1 1 1 5 6 1 4
4  China PR 3 0 0 3 0 9 9 0
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria

Brazil vs Turkey

Brazil 2–1 Turkey
Ronaldo  50'
Rivaldo  87' (pen.)
Report Hasan Şaş  45+2'
Attendance: 33,842
Brazil
Turkey
GK1Marcos
CB4Roque Júnior
CB3Lúcio
CB5Edmílson
RWB2Cafu (c)
LWB6Roberto Carlos
CM8Gilberto Silva
CM19Juninho Paulista 72'
RF11Ronaldinho 67'
CF9Ronaldo 73'
LF10Rivaldo
Substitutions:
FW17Denílson 73' 67'
MF18Vampeta 72'
FW21Luizão 73'
Manager:
Luiz Felipe Scolari
GK1Rüştü Reçber
CB5Alpay Özalan 44'  86'
CB16Ümit Özat
CB3Bülent Korkmaz 66'
RM4Fatih Akyel 21'
CM8Tugay Kerimoğlu 88'
LM20Hakan Ünsal 24'  90+4'
RW21Emre Belözoğlu
AM10Yıldıray Baştürk 66'
LW11Hasan Şaş
CF9Hakan Şükür (c)
Substitutions:
FW17İlhan Mansız 66'
MF22Ümit Davala 66'
FW6Arif Erdem 88'
Manager:
Şenol Güneş

Man of the Match:
Rivaldo (Brazil)

Assistant referees:
Visva Krishnan (Singapore)
Vladimir Fernández (El Salvador)
Fourth official:
Vítor Melo Pereira (Portugal)

Costa Rica vs Turkey

Costa Rica 1–1 Turkey
Parks  86' Report Emre  56'
Attendance: 42,299
Referee: Coffi Codjia (Benin)
Costa Rica
Turkey
GK1Erick Lonnis (c)
CB5Gilberto Martínez 24'
CB4Mauricio Wright
CB3Luis Marín
RM15Harold Wallace 77'
CM10Walter Centeno 66'
CM8Mauricio Solís
CM6Wilmer López 77'
CM11Rónald Gómez
LM22Carlos Castro 43'
CF9Paulo Wanchope
Substitutions:
FW17Hernán Medford 66'
MF12Winston Parks 77'
FW16Steven Bryce 77'
Manager:
Alexandre Guimarães
GK1Rüştü Reçber
CB16Ümit Özat
CB2Emre Aşık 20'
CB18Ergün Penbe
RM4Fatih Akyel
CM8Tugay Kerimoğlu 45' 88'
LM21Emre Belözoğlu 89'
RW22Ümit Davala
AM10Yıldıray Baştürk 79'
LW11Hasan Şaş
CF9Hakan Şükür (c) 75'
Substitutions:
FW17İlhan Mansız 75'
FW15Nihat Kahveci 79'
FW6Arif Erdem 88'
Manager:
Şenol Güneş

Man of the Match:
Paulo Wanchope (Costa Rica)

Assistant referees:
Dramane Danté (Mali)
Brighton Mudzamiri (Zimbabwe)
Fourth official:
Óscar Ruiz (Colombia)

Turkey vs China PR

Turkey 3–0 China PR
Hasan Şaş  6'
Bülent  9'
Ümit  85'
Report
Attendance: 43,605
Turkey
China PR
GK1Rüştü Reçber 35'
CB4Fatih Akyel
CB2Emre Aşık 19'
CB3Bülent Korkmaz
RM22Ümit Davala
CM8Tugay Kerimoğlu 84'
LM20Hakan Ünsal
RW10Yıldıray Baştürk 70'
AM11Hasan Şaş 81'
LW21Emre Belözoğlu 30'
CF9Hakan Şükür (c)
Substitutions:
GK12Ömer Çatkıç 35'
FW17İlhan Mansız 70'
MF14Tayfur Havutçu 84'
Manager:
Şenol Güneş
GK22Jiang Jin (c)
RB21Xu Yunlong
CB17Du Wei
CB14Li Weifeng 62'
LB4Wu Chengying 46'
RM18Li Xiaopeng
CM8Li Tie
CM15Zhao Junzhe
LM3Yang Pu 45+1'
CF10Hao Haidong 73'
CF20Yang Chen 73'
Substitutions:
MF6Shao Jiayi 58' 46'
MF11Yu Genwei 73'
FW16Qu Bo 73'
Manager:
Bora Milutinović

Man of the Match:
Hasan Şaş (Turkey)

Assistant referees:
Ali Tomusange (Uganda)
Curtis Charles (Antigua and Barbuda)
Fourth official:
Byron Moreno (Ecuador)

Second Round Japan vs Turkey

Japan 0–1 Turkey
Report Ümit Davala  12'
Attendance: 45,666
Japan
Turkey
GK12Seigo Narazaki
CB3Naoki Matsuda
CB17Tsuneyasu Miyamoto (c)
CB16Kōji Nakata
RM20Tomokazu Myojin
CM21Kazuyuki Toda 45'
CM7Hidetoshi Nakata
CM5Junichi Inamoto 46'
LM18Shinji Ono
CF9Akinori Nishizawa
CF14Alex 46'
Substitutions:
FW11Takayuki Suzuki 46'
MF22Daisuke Ichikawa 46' 86'
MF8Hiroaki Morishima 86'
Manager:
Philippe Troussier
GK1Rüştü Reçber
RB5Alpay Özalan 21'
CB3Bülent Korkmaz
LB20Hakan Ünsal
CM4Fatih Akyel
CM8Tugay Kerimoğlu
CM18Ergün Penbe 44'
RW22Ümit Davala 74'
AM10Yıldıray Baştürk 90'
LW11Hasan Şaş 85'
CF9Hakan Şükür (c) 90'
Substitutions:
MF15Nihat Kahveci 74'
FW14Tayfur Havutçu 85'
FW17İlhan Mansız 90'
Manager:
Şenol Güneş

Man of the Match:
Alpay Özalan (Turkey)

Assistant referees:
Maciej Wierzbowski (Poland)
Paul Smith (New Zealand)
Fourth official:
Graham Poll (England)

Quarter-Final Senegal vs Turkey

Senegal 0–1 (a.e.t.) Turkey
Report İlhan  94'
Attendance: 44,233
Senegal
Turkey
GK1Tony Sylva
RB17Ferdinand Coly
CB13Lamine Diatta
CB4Papa Malick Diop
LB2Omar Daf 12'
CM19Papa Bouba Diop
CM6Aliou Cissé (c) 63'
CM15Salif Diao
RF7Henri Camara
CF11El Hadji Diouf
LF10Khalilou Fadiga
Manager:
Bruno Metsu
GK1Rüştü Reçber
RB4Fatih Akyel
CB5Alpay Özalan
CB3Bülent Korkmaz
LB18Ergün Penbe
RM22Ümit Davala
CM8Tugay Kerimoğlu
LM21Emre Belözoğlu 22' 91'
AM10Yıldıray Baştürk
AM11Hasan Şaş
CF9Hakan Şükür (c) 67'
Substitutions:
FW17İlhan Mansız 87' 67'
FW6Arif Erdem 91'
Manager:
Şenol Güneş

Man of the Match:
Hasan Şaş (Turkey)

Assistant referees:
Jorge Rattalino (Argentina)
Miguel Giacomuzzi (Paraguay)
Fourth official:
Gilles Veissière (France)

Semi-Final Brazil vs Turkey

Brazil 1-0 Turkey
Ronaldo Report
Attendance: 61,058
Brazil
Turkey
GK1Marcos
CB3Lúcio
CB4Roque Júnior
CB5Edmílson
RM2Cafu (c)
CM15Kléberson 85'
CM8Gilberto Silva 41'
LM6Roberto Carlos
RF20Edílson 75'
CF9Ronaldo 68'
LF10Rivaldo
Substitutions:
FW21Luizão 68'
MF17Denílson 75'
DF13Belletti 85'
Manager:
Luiz Felipe Scolari
GK1Rüştü Reçber
RB4Fatih Akyel
CB5Alpay Özalan
CB3Bülent Korkmaz
LB18Ergün Penbe
DM8Tugay Kerimoğlu 59'
RM22Ümit Davala 74'
CM10Yıldıray Baştürk 88'
LM21Emre Belözoğlu 62'
CF11Hasan Şaş 90'
CF9Hakan Şükür (c)
Substitutions:
FW17İlhan Mansız 62'
MF13Muzzy Izzet 74'
FW6Arif Erdem 88'
Manager:
Şenol Güneş

Man of the Match:
Ronaldo (Brazil)

Assistant referees:
Maciej Wierzbowski (Poland)
Igor Sramka (Slovakia)
Fourth official:
Brian Hall (United States)

Third place play-off

Hakan Şükür scored the fastest goal in World Cup finals history with a low left footed shot past the goalkeeper from the edge of the penalty box after 11 seconds.[5]

South Korea 2–3 Turkey
Lee Eul-yong  9'
Song Chong-gug  90+3'
Report Hakan Şükür  1'
İlhan  13', 32'
Attendance: 63,483
Referee: Saad Mane (Kuwait)
South Korea
Turkey
GK1Lee Woon-jae
CB6Yoo Sang-chul
CB20Hong Myung-bo (c) 46'
CB15Lee Min-sung
RM22Song Chong-gug
CM21Park Ji-sung
CM10Lee Young-pyo
LM13Lee Eul-yong 23' 65'
RF9Seol Ki-hyeon 79'
CF19Ahn Jung-hwan
LF14Lee Chun-soo
Substitutions:
DF7Kim Tae-Young 46'
FW16Cha Du-ri 65'
MF8Choi Tae-uk 79'
Manager:
Guus Hiddink
GK1Rüştü Reçber 83'
RB4Fatih Akyel
CB5Alpay Özalan
CB3Bülent Korkmaz
LB18Ergün Penbe
RM22Ümit Davala 76'
CM8Tugay Kerimoğlu 50'
CM10Yıldıray Baştürk 86'
LM21Emre Belözoğlu 41'
CF9Hakan Şükür (c)
CF17İlhan Mansız
Substitutions:
MF20Hakan Ünsal 41'
MF7Okan Buruk 76'
MF14Tayfur Havutçu 86'
Manager:
Şenol Güneş

Man of the Match:
Hakan Şükür (Turkey)

Assistant referees:
Ali Al Traifi (Saudi Arabia)
Héctor Vergara (Canada)
Fourth official:
Felipe Ramos (Mexico)

Record players

Seven players have been fielded in all seven matches in Turkey's Third-Place-run in 2002. Of those seven, only Fatih Akyel has played every minute of the tournament.

No. Name Matches World Cups
1 Fatih Akyel72002
Hakan Şükür72002
İlhan Mansız72002
Rüştü Reçber72002
Tugay Kerimoğlu72002
Ümit Davala72002
Yıldıray Baştürk72002
8 Bülent Korkmaz62002
Emre Belözoğlu62002
Hasan Şaş62002

Top goalscorers

A notable goal has been scored by Hakan Şükür in the Third Place match against South Korea, when he scored after only 10.89 seconds. It is the fastest goal in FIFA World Cup history, breaking Czechoslovakian striker Václav Mašek's 40-year-old record of 16 seconds.

No. Name Goals World Cup
1 Burhan Sargun31954
Suat Mamat31954
İlhan Mansız32002
4 Lefter Küçükandonyadis21954
Hasan Şaş22002
Ümit Davala22002
7 Erol Keskin11954
Mustafa Ertan11954
Bülent Korkmaz12002
Emre Belözoğlu12002
Hakan Şükür12002

References

  1. 2006 FIFA World Cup TV Coverage (PDF), FIFA.com. Retrieved on June 6, 2007.
  2. "South Korea 2 - 3 Turkey". Guardian. 29 June 2002. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
  3. "Turkey finish in style". BBC Sport. 29 June 2002. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
  4. "Turkey tops Korea 3-2 for third place, scoring in 11 seconds". Sports Illustrated. 29 June 2002. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
  5. "South Korea 2 Turkey 3". Planet World Cup. 29 June 2002. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
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