Tsu (kana)

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora. Both are phonemically /tu͍/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [tsɯ] (listen).

tsu
transliterationtsu, tu
translit. with dakutenzu, dzu, du
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kanaつるかめのツ
(Tsurukame no "tsu")

The small kana っ/ッ, known as sokuon, are identical but somewhat smaller. They are mainly used to indicate consonant gemination and commonly used at the end of lines of dialogue in fictional works as a symbol for a glottal stop.

The dakuten forms づ, ヅ, pronounced the same as the dakuten forms of the su kana in most dialects (see yotsugana), are uncommon. They are primarily used for indicating a voiced consonant in the middle of a compound word (see rendaku), and they can never begin a word.

In the Ainu language, it can be written with a handakuten (which can be entered into a computer as either one character (ツ゚) or two combined characters (ツ゜) to represent the sound [tu͍], which is interchangeable with the katakana ト゚.

The katakana form has become popular as an emoticon in the Western world due to its resemblance to a smiling face.[1][2]

Forms Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal ts-
(た行 ta-gyō)
tsu
tsuu
tsū
つう, つぅ
つー
ツウ, ツゥ
ツー
Addition dakuten d/z-
(だ行 da-gyō)
du, zu,
dzu
duu, zuu
dzuu,
, dzū
づう, づぅ
づー
ヅウ, ヅゥ
ヅー
Other additional forms
Form A (ts-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
tsa つぁ ツァ
tsi つぃ ツィ
tsu
tse つぇ ツェ
tso つぉ ツォ
tsyu つゅ ツュ
Form B (zw-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
zwa づぁ ヅァ
zwi づぃ ヅィ
dzu
zwe づぇ ヅェ
zwo づぉ ヅォ
  • ヅァ, ヅェ and ヅォ are used in gairaigos, these pronunciations are not same as ズァ (zwa), ズェ (zwe) and ズォ (zwo).

Stroke order

Other representations

Character
Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER TSUKATAKANA LETTER TSUHALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER TSU
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode12388U+306412484U+30C465410U+FF82
UTF-8227 129 164E3 81 A4227 131 132E3 83 84239 190 130EF BE 82
Numeric character referenceつつツツツツ
Shift JIS130 19482 C2131 9983 63194C2
Character
Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER SMALL TSUKATAKANA LETTER SMALL TSUHIRAGANA LETTER ZUKATAKANA LETTER ZU
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode12387U+306312483U+30C312389U+306512485U+30C5
UTF-8227 129 163E3 81 A3227 131 131E3 83 83227 129 165E3 81 A5227 131 133E3 83 85
Numeric character referenceっっッッづづヅヅ
Shift JIS130 19382 C1131 9883 62130 19582 C3131 10083 64
  • Braille
つ / ツ in Japanese Braille
っ / ッ
sokuon
つ / ツ
tsu
づ / ヅ
zu/du
つう / ツー
tsū
づう / ヅー
/
Other kana based on Braille
ちゅ / チュ
chu
ぢゅ / ヂュ
ju/dyu
ちゅう / チュー
chū
ぢゅう / ヂュー
/dyū

See also

References

  1. "🤷 Shrug ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ Emoji". emojipedia.org.
  2. "The Best Way to Type ¯\_(ツ)_/¯". The Atlantic. 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2019-06-17.
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