Tsebrykove

Tsebrykove (Ukrainian: Цебрикове; Russian: Цебриково, German: Hoffnungstal) is an urban-type settlement with some 2,900 inhabitants in the Velyka Mykhailivka Raion, Odessa Oblast in Ukraine. It is located about 80 km (50 mi) east of Tiraspol and about 140 km (87 mi) northwest of Odessa. Population: 2,854(2015 est.)[1]

Tsebrykove

Цебрикове

Hoffnungstal
Цебриково
Town
Tsebrykove
Location within the Ukraine
Tsebrykove
Tsebrykove (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 47°8′47″N 30°6′27″E
Country Ukraine
Oblast Odessa Oblast
RaionVelyka Mykhailivka Raion
Founded1819
Government
  MayorTetjana Matros
Area
  Total5.87 km2 (2.27 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
  Total2,854
  Density499.83/km2 (1,294.6/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (CEST)
Postal code
67131
Area code(s)+380 4859
Vehicle registrationBH

History

Historical affiliations

 Russian Empire 1819–1917
Odessa Soviet Republic 1918
Soviet Ukraine 1920–1922
 Soviet Union 1922–1941
 Kingdom of Romania 1941–1944
 Soviet Union 1944–1991
 Ukraine 1991–present

Before World War II Tsebrykove was known as Hoffnungstal, Гофнунгсталь, and was populated by Germans.[2] Hoffnungstal was founded in 1819 by Swabian settlers who were granted land. Some of them were Zionists who intended to go on to Palestine and settle there but were refused entry by Turkey. Some of that group settled in the Ukraine and some in Georgia.[3] There is an active group of Germans from Russia who study the history of the area.[4] Residents of Hoffnungstal supported the Whites during the Russian Civil war and the town was bombarded by artillery mounted on railway cars.[5] The struggle over collectivization resulted in many deportations and deaths including a number of people shot on the front steps of the Lutheran church in 1937.[6] Nearly all[7] of the remaining Germans left with the retreating German army during World War II. Many German immigrants from Tsebrykove to the United States homesteaded about 12 miles northwest of Burlington, Colorado in the "Russian Settlement."[8]

On 7 March 1923 Tsebrykove Raion with the administrative center in Tsebrykove was established.[9] On 30 December 1962 Tsebrykove Raion was abolished and merged into Velyka Mykhailivka Raion.

As of 2001, the largest ethnic groups of Tsebrykove are Ukrainians, Romanians and Russians.

Notable persons

  • Georg Leibbrandt (1899–1982), scholar and politician in the Nazi Party, born in Hoffnungsfeld, a "daughter" colony of Hoffnungstal
  • Immanuel Winkler (1886–1932), parish priest from 1911 to 1918
  • Igor Levitin (1952–), Russian politician

See also

References

  1. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  2. Волости и важнейшие селения Европейской России [The Most Important Towns and Villages in European Russia] (in Russian). Vol. VIII. St. Petersburg: Центр. статист. комитет. 1886.
  3. http://www.bauderhistory.com
  4. Hoffnungstal Village Information, accessed December 16, 2010
  5. http://www.bauderhistory.com
  6. http://www.bauderhistory.com
  7. One woman who had married a Ukrainian remained
  8. The Birth of the German Settlement in Kit Carson County, from The German Settlement of Kit Carson County, Colorado
  9. "Районы Одесского округа" (in Russian). Краевед. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
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