Tryptone is commonly used in microbiology to produce lysogeny broth (LB) for the growth of E. coli and other microorganisms. It provides a source of amino acids for the growing bacteria. Tryptone is similar to casamino acids, both being digests of casein, but casamino acids can be produced by acid hydrolysis and typically only have free amino acids and few peptide chains. Casamino acids are similar to tryptone, the latter differing by being an incomplete enzymatic hydrolysis with some oligopeptides present, while casamino acids are predominantly free amino acids.
Tryptone is also a component of some germination media used in plant propagation.
- Fraser, Dean; Powell, Richard. "The Kinetics of Trypsin Digestion" (PDF). The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
- "Indole Test". American Society for Microbiology. 8 Dec 2009. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013.
- Pierik, R. L. M., et al. (1988). Seed germination and further development of plantlets of Paphiopedilum ciliolare Pfitz. in vitro. Scientia Horticulturae, 34(1), 139-153.