Tromp-class cruiser

The Tromp class was a class of ships of the Royal Netherlands Navy. The hull shape was also known as the Argonaut 600. They were designed as "flotilla leaders" and their intended role was to be the backbone of a squadron of modern destroyers that was planned at the same time (One of which was finished in the UK and the other in Germany. Two others scrapped). The ships were ordered in 1935; Tromp was launched in 1937, and her sister ship Jacob van Heemskerck in 1939. [1][2]

Tromp in 1936
Class overview
Name: Tromp class
Builders: Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij.
Operators:  Royal Netherlands Navy
Built: 1936–1940
In commission: 1938–1969
Planned: 2
Completed: 2
Retired: 2
General characteristics
Type: Flotilla leader
Displacement: 3,350 long tons (3,404 t) standard
Length: 131.95 m (432 ft 11 in)
Beam: 12.43 m (40 ft 9 in)
Draught: 4.32 m (14 ft 2 in)
Propulsion:
  • 2 Parsons geared steam turbines
  • 4 Yarrow boilers
  • 2 shafts
  • 56,000 shp (41,759 kW)
Speed: 32.5 knots (37.4 mph; 60.2 km/h)
Complement:
  • 380 (Tromp)
  • 420 (Jacob van Heemskerk)
Armament:
  • Tromp :
  • 6 × 150 mm (5.9 in) guns (3×2)
  • 4 × 75 mm
  • 8 × 40 mm (4×2)
  • 2 × 20 mm
  • 6 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (2×3)
  • Jacob van Heemskerk :
  • 10 × 102 mm (4 in) guns (5×2)
  • 8 × 40 mm (4×2)
  • 4 × 20 mm
Aircraft carried: 1 × Fokker C.XIW floatplane (Tromp)
Notes: All of the above are from [1]

At the outbreak of World War II, Tromp was sent to the Dutch East Indies. Jacob van Heemskerck was still being completed in the naval shipyard in Den Helder when the German attack started on 10 May 1940, but she succeeded in escaping to the United Kingdom, where she was completed with a completely different armament set, as an anti-aircraft ship. Both ships served in the Far East and survived the war, Tromp to be decommissioned in 1955 and sold for scrap in 1969 and Jacob van Heemskerck to become an artillery instruction ship in 1947, decommissioned in 1969 and sold for scrap in 1970.[3][4][5][6][7][8]

Ships

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned
Tromp 17 January 1936 24 May 1937 18 August 1938 20 December 1968
Jacob van Heemskerck 31 October 1938 16 September 1939 10 May 1940 20 November 1969

Citations

References

  • Mulder, Jantinus; Mulder, Frits (2012). destroyer leader HNLMS Tromp. Emmen: Lanasta. ISBN 9789086161911.
  • Teitler, G. (1984). De strijd om de slagkruisers. Dieren: De Bataafsche Leeuw. ISBN 978-9067070287.
  • Kimenai, Peter (May 30, 2011). "Lichte kruisers van de Tromp-klasse" (in Dutch). Go2War2.nl. Archived from the original on June 25, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
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