Trojan Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers

The Trojan Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers (AVRE) is a combat engineering vehicle of the British Army. It is used to breach minefields and for many other tasks. It is currently in use with the Royal Engineers.

Trojan
A Trojan AVRE leading a convoy in Afghanistan during 2010
TypeCombat engineering vehicle
Place of originUnited Kingdom
Service history
In service2007–present
Used byRoyal Engineers
WarsOperation Moshtarak, Afghanistan (since 2010)
Production history
ManufacturerBAE Systems Land Systems
Unit cost~£4,217,000
~$6,694,400
~€5,338,860[1]
Produced2004–
No. built33
Specifications
Mass62.5 tonnes (61.5 long tons; 68.9 short tons)
Length8.3 m (27 ft 3 in) 11.50 m (37 ft 9 in)
Width3.5 m (11 ft 6 in) 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in) with appliqué armour
Height2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
Crew3 (commander, operator, driver)

ArmourChobham/Dorchester Level 2 (classified),
Main
armament
7.62 mm L94A1 (remote controlled)
EnginePerkins CV12-8A Diesel
1,200 hp (890 kW)
Power/weight19.2 hp/t (14.2 kW/t)
TransmissionDavid Brown TN54 epicyclic transmission (6 fwd, 2 rev.)
SuspensionHydropneumatic
Operational
range
450 km (280 mi)
Speed59 km/h (37 mph) 40 km/h (25 mph) off road

Design

The Trojan Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers is based on a Challenger 2 tank chassis, but lacks the main armament. In place of the turret, it has a large hydraulic excavator arm, which can be used to excavate areas, move obstacles, and deposit the fascine that the Trojan carries at its rear. The Trojan is usually also fitted with a plough on the front, which enables it to clear mines, either detonating them on contact, or pushing them out of the way to clear a safe channel for following vehicles.

For self-defence only, it carries a 7.62mm machine gun.

For rapid mine-clearing purposes, the Trojan can also tow a trailer carrying the Python, a rocket-propelled hose similar to the Giant Viper. This allows for a much quicker way of clearing a path for ground forces. The hose, packed with explosive, is launched across a minefield, and detonates after it hits the ground, clearing a 7-metre wide path for 230 metres.

History

The vehicles were built at BAE Systems Land Systems plant in Newcastle upon Tyne. The contract was awarded in 2001 to Vickers Defence Systems, who were bought by BAE Systems in 2004. The project was known as the Future Engineer Tank. 33 have been built.

It was first used on exercise in May 2007 with the 1st Battalion (Mechanised) of the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment.

A number of Trojans are permanently based in Canada at British Army Training Unit Suffield in order to allow the Royal Engineers to support Armoured Battle Groups on major exercises.

Trojans were first deployed operationally by the British Army to Afghanistan in 2009 engaging in their first advance under contact in 2010.[2] During Operation Moshtarak 28 Engineer Regiment operated the Trojan attempting to use its traditional mine clearance equipment in the Counter-IED role in support of a major British Army advance.[3]

Its companion vehicle, developed at the same time, is another variant of the Challenger 2, the Titan armoured bridge layer, of which 33 have also been built.

References

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.