Tripoli is a 1950 American adventure film directed by Will Price and written by Winston Miller. The film is a fictionalized account of the Battle of Derna at Derna, a coastal town in modern eastern Libya in April 1805 against Tripoli, one of the four Barbary states in North Africa and stars John Payne, Maureen O'Hara, Howard Da Silva, Phillip Reed, Grant Withers, Lowell Gilmore and Connie Gilchrist. The film was released on November 9, 1950, by Paramount Pictures.
|Directed by||Will Price|
|Produced by||William H. Pine|
William C. Thomas
|Screenplay by||Winston Miller|
|Story by||Will Price|
Howard Da Silva
|Music by||Lucien Cailliet|
|Cinematography||James Wong Howe|
|Edited by||Howard A. Smith|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$1.6 million|
In 1805, the USS Essex is part of a blockade of the port of Tripoli by the small United States Navy Mediterranean squadron, targeting pirates menacing American shipping. American diplomatic Consul William Eaton (Herbert Heyes) comes on board to recruit a small commando squad for a secret mission. Lt. Presley O'Bannon, of the U.S. Marine Corps (John Payne) and Lt. Tripp (Lowell Gilmore) volunteer to raise a force to seize Derna, a strategic coastal town to the east. Hamet Karamanly (Phillip Reed), exiled former Pasha of Derna, supplies men in exchange for being restored to his throne which was taken by his brother. Countess Sheila D’Areneau (Maureen O'Hara) stays with the Pasha, and everyone presumes she is his mistress, while she angles into persuading him to marry her. O'Bannon recruits a native force of mercenaries - Greeks, Turks and Arabs - to accompany his Marines and some American soldiers and Navy midshipmen. O'Bannon and Countess D’Arneau meet and are attracted to each other, but both refuse to admit it to themselves.
D’Arneau convinces Hamet that the Americans plan to turn him over to his brother, but O’Bannon gets him to change his mind. D’Arneau defies O’Bannon and accompanies the expedition from Alexandria, Egypt, across the North African deserts, but he forces her to travel with the camp followers. After a waterhole is poisoned, the expedition has to cross a dune sea to reach the next waterhole ahead of the poisoners. O’Bannon kisses the countess and the force has to endure a sandstorm. Hamet’s brother offers him a deal: half the kingdom in return for getting rid of the Americans. They reach the coast twelve days late and the American navy squadron under Commodore Samuel Barron is not yet there. There is almost a mutiny before the ships arrives. Hamet tells his brother the plan of attack on Derna. When the countess learns of this, she rides to warn O’Bannon. He leads a surprise attack on the city and captures it. Lt. O’Bannon and the countess become a couple.
- John Payne as Lt. Presley O'Bannon, USMC (1776-1850)
- Maureen O'Hara as Countess Sheila D'Arneau
- Howard Da Silva as Capt. Demetrios
- Phillip Reed as Hamet Karamanly
- Grant Withers as Sgt. Derek, USMC
- Lowell Gilmore as Lt. Tripp, USMC
- Connie Gilchrist as Henriette
- Alan Napier as Khalil
- Herbert Heyes as American Consul William Eaton, (1764-1811)
- Alberto Morin as Il Taiib
- Emil Hanna as Interpreter
- Grandon Rhodes as Commodore Samuel Barron, (U.S. Navy - Mediterranean squadron), (1765-1810)
- Frank Fenton as Capt. Adams, USN
- Rosa Turich as Seewauk
- Ray Hyke as Crawford
- Walter Reed as Wade
- Paul Livermore as Evans
- Gregg Barton as Huggins
- Don Summers as Langley
- Jack Pennick as Busch
- Ewing Mitchell as Elroy
There was a vogue for films about the Barbary War at this time: Universal had made Slave Girl (1947) and Columbia Barbary Pirate (1949). Payne and O'Hara had appeared together in To the Shores of Tripoli (1942).
The film was originally called The Barbarians and was a story by Will Price and Winston Miller. Pine-Thomas bought the story in 1949. It was to have starred Dennis O'Keefe who just made The Eagle and the Hawk for Pine-Thomas, as Presley O'Bannon. Price's wife Maureen O'Hara agreed to play the female lead. Eventually Payne played the male lead instead of O'Keefe.
- "Top Grosses of 1950". Variety. January 3, 1951. p. 58.
- Tripoli at the TCM Movie Database
- Wendell Corey Male Star in 'No Sad Songs'; Erickson Gets Ace Role Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 7 Oct 1949: A7.
- John Payne Will Hit Pioneer Trail Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 Nov 1949: B7.
- "Pine Thomas to Lens more 'significant' pix if 'Lawless' clicks". Variety. 10 May 1950. p. 14.