Tribhuvan University

Tribhuvan University (TU, Nepali: त्रिभुवन विश्वविद्यालय) is a public university in Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal. Established in 1959, TU is the oldest university in Nepal.[4] In terms of enrollment, it is the tenth largest university in the world. The university offers 2,079 undergraduate and 2,000 postgraduate programs across a wide range of disciplines. As of March 2017, the university has 60 constituent campuses and 1,084 affiliated colleges across the country.[5] Since it is government financed, it is less expensive than private universities.

Tribhuvan University
त्रिभुवन विश्वविद्यालय
Tribhuvan University logo
(blue and red hexagram)
Established1959 (2016 B.S.)
BudgetRs 1.5 billion (USD $130 million) for 2019–2020[1]
ChancellorPrime Minister of Nepal
Vice-ChancellorDr. Dharma Kanta Baskota
Academic staff
7,049 professorial faculty
5607 other faculty[2]


Established on 25 June 1959 (or 11 Ashar 2016 BS),[6] Tribhuvan University is the oldest and largest university in Nepal. The university was named after the late King Tribhuvan. In its early years, all the postgraduate classes were held at Tripureshwor Campus. The administrative office was also located in Tripureshwor. It was only in 1967, that the university was relocated to its main campus in Kirtipur – an ancient town about 5 km south-west of the city of Kathmandu. The university at Kirtipur, which spreads over an area of 154.77 hectares, constitutes the Central Administrative Office and the Central Campus.[7]

TU marked its golden jubilee in 2009 organizing programmes.


Since its inception, the state-owned university has expanded its programmes. There are five technical institutes and four general faculties. The university offers 115 courses for the technical proficiency certificate level. TU offers 1079 courses at Bachelor's level and 1000 courses at Master's level. It offers Ph.D. degrees in the technical institutes and faculties.

TU ran its programmes only through its constituent campuses before 1980. With the increasing number of students wanting higher education, it was not possible to accommodate all the students in the constituent campuses. This situation led to the establishment of colleges in the private sector because the constituent campuses alone could not meet the demand. From 1979–80, TU started providing affiliation to private colleges. As of April 2016, 1,084 private and public colleges were affiliated with TU.[8]

In the 2014–2015 academic session 4,05,341 students were enrolled in TU academic programmes. 1,48,141 (36.55%) students study in its 60 constituent campuses including 38 central departments, while 2,57,200 (63.45%) students study in 1,053 affiliated colleges.[9]

TU has 7,841 teaching faculty and 7,413 non-teaching staff including the support staff in its constituent campuses. The number of total employees is 15,254.[10]


Tribhuvan University is ranked as 1001+ universities of the world by Times Higher Education ranking in 2020. It is ranked among the 251-300 best universities of Asia.[11]

Technical institutes

The university administers its science and technology programs, such as BSc, BE, MBBS, etc., through its technical institutes. There are five technical institutes at the university, each taking care of a specific domain within the field of science and technology education.

Faculties and associated central departments

There are four faculties and a total of 38 associated central departments at the university:

Constituent campuses

The following is a partial list of constituent colleges of the university:[13]

Eastern Development Region

Central Development Region (Out of Kathmandu Valley)

  • Dumarwana Multiple Campus, Dumarwana Bara
  • Ramshwaroop Ramsagar Multiple Campus, Janakpur
  • Thakur Ram Multiple Campus, Birgunj
  • National Academy Campus, Birgunj
  • Hetauda Campus, Hetauda
  • Birendra Multiple Campus, Bharatpur
  • Birgunj public college, Birgunj

Central Development Region (Inside Kathmandu Valley)

Western Development Region

Mid-Western Development Region

Far-Western Development Region


TU is government financed but still an autonomous organization.[2] The head of the government, the prime minister, is its chancellor.[15]

  • Chancellor: Prime Minister of Nepal (Khadga Prasad Oli)
  • Pro-Chancellor: Minister of Education (Giriraj Mani Pokharel)
  • Vice Chancellor: Prof. Dr. Dharma Kant Baskota
  • Chairman: Prof. Chaitanya Prasad Sharma
  • Rector: Prof. Dr. Sudha Tripathi
  • Registrar: Mr. Dilli Ram Uprety


Tribhuvan University has five decision-making bodies:

  • The University Council is the supreme body that makes decisions on policies, budget, rules and regulations and the formation of special committees and commissions.
  • Executive Council implements operational decisions while the University Council accepts donations to the university. It makes decisions on grants, affiliation to private campuses and appointments of university officials.
  • The Academic Council makes decisions on policies and practices regarding curriculum, teaching, examinations and research.
  • The Research Coordination Council makes policies on TU research activities, approves guidelines for researchers and coordinates the functions of university level research organizations.
  • The Planning Council has an advisory role of preparing plans (long- and short-term), developing annual programs and evaluating programs implementation.



Research Centers

Tribhuvan University has the following research centers:[16]

  • Centre for Economic Development and Administration (CEDA)
  • Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies (CNAS)
  • Research Centre for Applied Science and Technology (RECAST)
  • Research Centre for Educational Innovation and Development (CERID)

Reference For Students

MeroSpark - Tribhuvan University Notes, Old Question Papers, Solutions


  1. Kantipur Newspaper. ekantipur. Kantipur Publications Retrieved 30 November 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. "…". 6 October 2007. Archived from the original on 6 October 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2019. External link in |title= (help)
  3. "Tribhuvan university".
  4. "Nepal :: Health and education". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
  5. "FSU elections held in just 143 colleges". Republica. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017. TU has 60 constituent colleges and around 1,084 affiliate colleges including community colleges across the country, according to TU officials.
  6. K.C., Tanka (2009). प्रज्ञान प्रतियोगितात्मक सामान्यज्ञान [Pragyan Competitive General Knowledge] (in Nepali). Kathmandu, Nepal: Pragyan Prakashan. p. 77.
  7. "About Us". Tribhuvan University. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  8. "Over 1,000 colleges only temporarily affiliated to Tribhuvan University - The Himalayan Times". The Himalayan Times. 9 April 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  9. "About Us - Tribhuvan University of Nepal". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  10. "about us".
  11. "Tribhuvan University". Times Higher Education (THE). 10 April 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  12. "Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences | Tribhuvan University of Nepal". Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  13. "LIst of Constituent Campuses of Tribhuvan University". Tribhuvan University's Official Website. TU. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  14. "Welcome :: CCT Dharan".
  15. "PM Dahal stresses need of reforming TU". Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  16. "TU Research Centres". Retrieved 20 October 2018. External link in |website= (help)
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