# Triakis octahedron

In geometry, a **triakis octahedron** (or **trigonal trisoctahedron**[1] or **kisoctahedron**[2]) is an Archimedean dual solid, or a Catalan solid. Its dual is the truncated cube.

Triakis octahedron | |
---|---|

(Click here for rotating model) | |

Type | Catalan solid |

Coxeter diagram | |

Conway notation | kO |

Face type | V3.8.8 isosceles triangle |

Faces | 24 |

Edges | 36 |

Vertices | 14 |

Vertices by type | 8{3}+6{8} |

Symmetry group | O_{h}, B_{3}, [4,3], (*432) |

Rotation group | O, [4,3]^{+}, (432) |

Dihedral angle | 147°21′00″ arccos(−3 + 8√2/17) |

Properties | convex, face-transitive |

Truncated cube (dual polyhedron) |
Net |

It can be seen as an octahedron with triangular pyramids added to each face; that is, it is the Kleetope of the octahedron. It is also sometimes called a *trisoctahedron*, or, more fully, *trigonal trisoctahedron*. Both names reflect the fact that it has three triangular faces for every face of an octahedron. The *tetragonal trisoctahedron* is another name for the deltoidal icositetrahedron, a different polyhedron with three quadrilateral faces for every face of an octahedron.

This convex polyhedron is topologically similar to the concave stellated octahedron. They have the same face connectivity, but the vertices are in different relative distances from the center.

If its shorter edges have length 1, its surface area and volume are:

## Orthogonal projections

The *triakis octahedron* has three symmetry positions, two located on vertices, and one mid-edge:

Projective symmetry |
[2] | [4] | [6] |
---|---|---|---|

Triakis octahedron |
|||

Truncated cube |

## Cultural references

- A triakis octahedron is a vital element in the plot of cult author Hugh Cook's novel
*The Wishstone and the Wonderworkers*.

## Related polyhedra

The triakis octahedron is one of a family of duals to the uniform polyhedra related to the cube and regular octahedron.

Uniform octahedral polyhedra | ||||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Symmetry: [4,3], (*432) | [4,3]^{+}(432) |
[1^{+},4,3] = [3,3](*332) |
[3^{+},4](3*2) | |||||||

{4,3} | t{4,3} | r{4,3} r{3 ^{1,1}} |
t{3,4} t{3 ^{1,1}} |
{3,4} {3 ^{1,1}} |
rr{4,3} s _{2}{3,4} |
tr{4,3} | sr{4,3} | h{4,3} {3,3} |
h_{2}{4,3}t{3,3} |
s{3,4} s{3 ^{1,1}} |

= |
= |
= |
||||||||

Duals to uniform polyhedra | ||||||||||

V4^{3} |
V3.8^{2} |
V(3.4)^{2} |
V4.6^{2} |
V3^{4} |
V3.4^{3} |
V4.6.8 | V3^{4}.4 |
V3^{3} |
V3.6^{2} |
V3^{5} |

The triakis octahedron is a part of a sequence of polyhedra and tilings, extending into the hyperbolic plane. These face-transitive figures have (**n*32) reflectional symmetry.

*n32 symmetry mutation of truncated tilings: t{n,3} | |||||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Symmetry * n32[n,3] |
Spherical | Euclid. | Compact hyperb. | Paraco. | Noncompact hyperbolic | ||||||

*232 [2,3] |
*332 [3,3] |
*432 [4,3] |
*532 [5,3] |
*632 [6,3] |
*732 [7,3] |
*832 [8,3]... |
*∞32 [∞,3] |
[12i,3] | [9i,3] | [6i,3] | |

Truncated figures |
|||||||||||

Symbol | t{2,3} | t{3,3} | t{4,3} | t{5,3} | t{6,3} | t{7,3} | t{8,3} | t{∞,3} | t{12i,3} | t{9i,3} | t{6i,3} |

Triakis figures |
|||||||||||

Config. | V3.4.4 | V3.6.6 | V3.8.8 | V3.10.10 | V3.12.12 | V3.14.14 | V3.16.16 | V3.∞.∞ |

The triakis octahedron is also a part of a sequence of polyhedra and tilings, extending into the hyperbolic plane. These face-transitive figures have (**n*42) reflectional symmetry.

*n42 symmetry mutation of truncated tilings: n.8.8 | |||||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Symmetry * n42[n,4] |
Spherical | Euclidean | Compact hyperbolic | Paracompact | |||||||

*242 [2,4] |
*342 [3,4] |
*442 [4,4] |
*542 [5,4] |
*642 [6,4] |
*742 [7,4] |
*842 [8,4]... |
*∞42 [∞,4] | ||||

Truncated figures |
|||||||||||

Config. | 2.8.8 | 3.8.8 | 4.8.8 | 5.8.8 | 6.8.8 | 7.8.8 | 8.8.8 | ∞.8.8 | |||

n-kis figures |
|||||||||||

Config. | V2.8.8 | V3.8.8 | V4.8.8 | V5.8.8 | V6.8.8 | V7.8.8 | V8.8.8 | V∞.8.8 |

## References

- "Clipart tagged: 'forms'". etc.usf.edu.
- Conway, Symmetries of things, p.284

- Williams, Robert (1979).
*The Geometrical Foundation of Natural Structure: A Source Book of Design*. Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-486-23729-X. (Section 3-9) - Wenninger, Magnus (1983),
*Dual Models*, Cambridge University Press, doi:10.1017/CBO9780511569371, ISBN 978-0-521-54325-5, MR 0730208 (The thirteen semiregular convex polyhedra and their duals, Page 17, Triakisoctahedron) *The Symmetries of Things*2008, John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 21, Naming the Archimedean and Catalan polyhedra and tilings, page 284, Triakis octahedron)

## External links

- Eric W. Weisstein,
*Triakis octahedron*(*Catalan solid*) at MathWorld. - Triakis Octahedron – Interactive Polyhedron Model
- Virtual Reality Polyhedra www.georgehart.com: The Encyclopedia of Polyhedra
- VRML model
- Conway Notation for Polyhedra Try: "dtC"