Tri-Rail (reporting mark TRCX) is a commuter rail line linking Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach, Florida, United States. The Tri prefix in the name refers to the three counties served by the railroad: Palm Beach, Broward, and Miami-Dade.[3] Tri-Rail is managed by the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority (SFRTA) along CSX Transportation's former Miami Subdivision,[4][5] the line now wholly owned by the Florida DOT. The 70.9-mile-long (114.1 km) system has 18 stations along the Southeast Florida coast, and connects directly to Amtrak at numerous stations, and to Metrorail at the Tri-Rail and Metrorail Transfer station and at Miami Airport station.

TypeCommuter rail
LocaleGreater Miami
TerminiMiami Airport station
Mangonia Park
Daily ridership15,000 (Q4 2018)[1]
Ridership4.33 million (2018)[2]
OpenedJanuary 9, 1989
OwnerSouth Florida Regional Transportation Authority
Operator(s)Herzog Transit Services
Line length71.2 miles (114.6 km)
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Operating speedUp to 79 miles per hour (127 km/h) ~38 miles per hour (61 km/h) overall average
Route map

Mangonia Park
Coastal Link
to Jupiter (proposed)
FEC Mainline
to Jacksonville
Toney Penna
PGA Boulevard
Park Avenue
13th Street
45th Street
West Palm Beach
Lake Worth
Fare zone
Boynton Beach
Delray Beach
Fare zone
Boca Raton
Deerfield Beach
Pompano Beach
Fare zone
Cypress Creek
Fort Lauderdale
Fare zone
I-595 (
Port Everglades
Fort Lauderdale Airport
Sheridan Street
Fare zone
Golden Glades
(Amtrak only)
Metrorail Transfer
Hialeah Market
Downtown Miami Link
(opens late 2020)
Miami Airport

All stations are accessible

A second Tri-Rail line on the Florida East Coast Railway corridor, dubbed the "Coastal Link", has been proposed. The line would operate between Toney Penna station in Jupiter and Virgin MiamiCentral in Downtown Miami, and add commuter rail service between the downtown areas of cities between West Palm Beach and Miami. Combined with the existing Tri-Rail line, the Tri-Rail system would have a daily passenger ridership of almost 30,000; or approximately 9 million passengers per annum, doubling Tri-Rail's current ridership.


1920s: Seaboard-All Florida Railway

The line on which Tri-Rail operates was built by the Seaboard-All Florida Railway (a subsidiary of the Seaboard Air Line Railroad) for intercity passenger rail service in the early 1920s. The line was inaugurated on January 7, 1927. Intercity rail service by Seaboard operated the Orange Blossom Special service from New York City until 1953. Amtrak continues to offer passenger rail service with the Silver Star and Silver Meteor trains from New York City. Today, the original 1920s Seaboard stations are used by Tri-Rail for service at West Palm Beach, Deerfield Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood. Though no longer in use, the Seaboard stations at Delray Beach, Opa-locka, and Hialeah are still standing.

1980-1990s: Planning and inauguration

Planning for a new commuter rail line began in 1983, and building the organization began in 1986. The current system was formed by the Florida Department of Transportation and began operation January 9, 1989, to provide temporary commuter rail service while construction crews widened Interstate 95 and the parallel Florida's Turnpike.[6] Tri-Rail was free from opening until May 1, 1990, at which time the fare became $4 round trip.[7]

Due to higher than expected ridership, FDOT made Tri-Rail a permanent service, adding more trains and stations in the process. Line extensions have enabled Tri-Rail to serve all three South Florida international airports: Miami International Airport, Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport, and Palm Beach International Airport. The state's original plan was to use the more urban Florida East Coast Railway (FEC) line, but FEC declined the offer as it wanted freight to be their top priority.[8] In 1998, the initial 67-mile-long (108 km) route was extended north from the West Palm Beach station to the Mangonia Park, and south from Hialeah Market to Miami Airport (at an earlier station on the site of the current station). Construction of the extensions began in 1996; which added nearly 4 miles (6.4 km) to the system.

2000s: New stations, more service

In the early 2000s, Tri-Rail received a budget of $84.8 million for double tracking, building extensions, improving stations, establishling a headquarters, and linking to buses.[9]

In 2002, Tri-Rail began to upgrade its grade crossings to include raised medians and/or four quadrant gates to prevent cars from driving around them in an attempt to beat trains. This decreases accidents and allows the cities they run through to petition for them not to use their whistle between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. They also decreased headways to 20 minutes during rush hours.[10]

In 2007, a project to upgrade the full length of the line from Mangonia Park to Miami Airport with double track was completed with the opening of a high-level fixed bridge over the New River near Fort Lauderdale. During the 2000s, most of the stations were completely rebuilt to accommodate for double tracking and include dual platforms, elevators, pedestrian bridges over the tracks, large roofs over the platforms, and better facilities.

In March 2006, Tri-Rail went from 30 passenger trains a day to 40 trains; the completion of the New River rail bridge, the double-tracking project, and the addition of a second Colorado Railcar diesel multiple unit (DMU) ushered in sweeping changes to Tri-Rail's operational timetables. Tri-Rail added several more trains during peak weekday commuting hours in June 2007, increasing to the current 50 trains per day, as well as increasing weekend service.[11] During "rush-hour," trains ran every twenty to thirty minutes rather than the previous schedule of every hour. This change comes at quite a fortuitous time in Tri-Rail's operation history. With gasoline prices at record highs—particularly in South Florida's sprawling metropolis—Tri-Rail saw a double-digit percentage increase in ridership in mid-2007. By 2009, annual ridership had reached about 4.2 million passengers.[12] This was also the time during which work was being done on I-95 to add the express lanes from the Golden Glades Interchange to the Airport Expressway near downtown Miami.[13]

In 2009, Tri-Rail service was nearly cut drastically, with the threat of being shut down altogether by 2011,[14] even as ridership was at a record high, as Palm Beach County withheld its funding of the system and looked to cut its funding from $4.1 million to $1.6 million per year. This would mean that Broward and Miami-Dade counties would also have had to cut their support to $1.6 million each to match. The state, which was also running a budget shortfall and did not pass a rental car tax increase to help fund Tri-Rail, would have had to cut its support as well. This would have caused an immediate cut from 50 to 30 daily trains and a complete cutting weekend service, followed by additional cuts and possible shut down two years later.[15] Schedules were decreased slightly, but service was never cut altogether, as dedicated federal funding was attained through the $2.5 million grant as part of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009.

After a 25% fare increase in mid-2009, annual ridership dropped by 15% (about 600,000) in 2010.[16] However, in 2011, Tri-Rail again saw increasing ridership due to sustained high gas prices, averaging about 14,500 riders per weekday by the end of year. Throughout the year, ridership increased at a rate of about 11% per month, paired with a decline in automobile travel [17] and an increase in employment, with 285 companies and 2,829 individuals joining in the discount program.[18]

In 2011, the dilapidated Pompano Beach station received a $5.7 million federal grant, to be redone as a "green station," generating more than 100% of its energy demand through solar power, with the excess to be sent to the grid or stored for nighttime lighting. Construction started in spring 2012 with the station remainining open during construction.[19] The crossing of Race Track Road and the Tri-Rail line near the Pompano Beach station has been rough for several years, and will be repaired in 2012.[20]

Total ridership on the system fully recovered to earlier high levels in fiscal year 2013, to 4.2 million.[16] Tri-Rail wants to double ridership by 2021 to 30,000 daily riders by building the Coastal Link.[21]

In April 2015, Miami Airport station opened at the Miami Intermodal Center, once again connecting Tri-Rail directly with the Miami International Airport for the first time since the original Miami Airport station closed in 2011. This new station has connections to MIA Mover (providing a direct link to the airport), Metrorail, Metrobus, and Greyhound. After extensive delays, Amtrak has yet to move its operations from its current station.[22] This new station was under construction since 2009, with a September 2011 closure of the original Miami Airport station to allow for construction of the new station.[23]

On January 27, 2017, the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority board voted to award Herzog Transit Services a $511 million, 10-year contract to operate Tri-Rail beginning in July 2017.[24] The board disqualified the other five bidders (Bombardier, First Transit, Amtrak, SNC-Lavalin Rail & Transit, and incumbent operator Transdev), stating that they had all submitted "conditional" prices despite the request for proposals mandating that the bid price be final.[24] The other five losing bidders all protested the contract, with Transdev, Bombardier, and First Transit jointly requesting a court injunction to prevent it from being awarded.[24]

Extensions and upgrades

Proposed Tri-Rail Coastal Link
Toney Penna
PGA Boulevard
Park Avenue
13th Street
Mangonia Park
45th Street
Northwood Connection
West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach
Gregory Road
Lake Worth
Lake Avenue
Fare zone
Boynton Beach
Boynton Beach Boulevard
Delray Beach
Atlantic Avenue
Fare zone
Boca Raton
Northeast 2nd Street
Deerfield Beach
Hillsboro Boulevard
Pompano Beach
Pompano Beach crossover
Fare zone
Atlantic Boulevard
Cypress Creek
Oakland Park
Wilton Manors
Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale
Fare zone
Fort Lauderdale Airport
Fort Lauderdale Airport
Sheridan Street
Dania Beach
Downtown Hollywood
Fare zone
Golden Glades
Hallandale Beach
North Miami Beach
North Miami
Metrorail Transfer
(Amtrak only)
Upper Eastside
Iris Connection
Hialeah Market
Design District/Midtown
Miami Airport
Virgin MiamiCentral

Boca Raton Glades Road station

In early 2012, it was announced that a second Tri-Rail station in Boca Raton was once again being considered at the busy intersection of Glades Road (S.R. 808) and Military Trail (S.R. 809), near Town Center Mall, Florida Atlantic University and large office parks. A station was proposed for this location in the early 2000s while many other stations were being renovated. Boca Raton station near Yamato Road (S.R. 794) is the busiest station in the system[25] as of 2014, with 1,600 riders a day,[26] surpassing the Tri-Rail and Metrorail transfer station in Miami-Dade County. For this reason, and the fact that Glades Road is considered the most congested road in the county, an infill station there has been long considered.[27] As of 2019, the station was not under construction.

In the 2025 and 2030 long range transportation plans, Tri-Rail has envisioned moving to or adding service on the Florida East Coast Railway (FEC) corridor, which runs parallel to U.S. 1 (Biscayne Boulevard/Brickell Avenue) in Miami-Dade County, and Federal Highway in Broward and Palm Beach counties). This corridor will provide more opportunities for pedestrian travel from stations to end destinations than does the current South Florida Rail Corridor, which must rely almost exclusively on shuttle buses for passenger distribution. Tri-Rail officials project that the project would cost about $2.5 billion and that 59,000 people per day would ride it,[8] The FEC, which denied the state's request to use the line for commuter rail in the 1980s, under new ownership has now stated that it is willing to allow the use of the 85-mile-long (137 km) segment of track between downtown Miami and Jupiter for passenger trains.[8]

Tri-Rail service on the FEC line would bring stations to Downtown Miami's transit hub, Government Center station via Virgin MiamiCentral, as well as service in Midtown Miami/Miami Design District, Upper East Side/Miami Shores, North Miami, North Miami Beach/Aventura, Downtown Hollywood, and Downtown Fort Lauderdale, putting it within walking distance of thousands of potential riders. Getting to and from the current stations has always been a major detractor of Tri-Rail's convenience since opening.[28] Miami's Downtown Development Authority along with Miami-area politicians are actively lobbying to bring Tri-Rail to the city core.[29]

Track connections between the FEC tracks and the South Florida Rail Corridor are also currently under construction. These connections are mainly for freight connectivity between the two lines, but are planned for future Coastal Link use. The Northwood Connection just north of West Palm Beach will provide a new connection as well as rehabilitating an existing connection. The Iris Connection will connect the SFRC to the FEC's Little River Branch near Hialeah. FDOT is building both connections, which were funded by a federal TIGER grant.[30]

The Coastal Link is planned to begin in phases. The first phase is known as Tri-Rail Downtown Miami Link, which will provide service to Virgin MiamiCentral station in Downtown Miami. About half of Tri-Rail's trains will switch to the FEC's Little River Branch on the new Iris Connection south of Metrorail Transfer station and head east to the FEC mainline, where they will turn south and head to downtown Miami. The Downtown Link costs about $69 million and is planned to be operational in 2019.[31][32]

A later phase would allow Tri-Rail to begin service to Jupiter by having trains switch to the FEC on the new Northwood connection north of West Palm Beach and head north to Jupiter with additional stops in Palm Beach Gardens, Lake Park, and Riviera Beach. Though no official timeframe has been given for this phase.[33]

Miami-Dade County is also working to find funding for service on the FEC from Downtown Miami as far north as Aventura.[34] Construction of an additional track for commuter service would require the approval of Bightline, which owns perpetual rights to operate passenger trains over the corridor.[35]

Once the Coastal Link is fully implemented, Tri-Rail will operate in three separate services with a line on the FEC tracks from Jupiter to Downtown Fort Lauderdale, a line on the existing tracks from Mangonia Park to Pompano Beach, and then transition to the FEC tracks and continue to Downtown Miami. Another line would run on the existing tracks from Boca Raton to Miami Airport.[36]

Before full implementation of Coastal Link service can begin, officials have acknowledged that a new higher rail bridge over the New River in Fort Lauderdale is necessary. The FEC's current low-level drawbridge will be unable to handle Tri-Rail service along with Virgin Trains USA and FEC freight service without negatively impacting vessel traffic on the river since the bridge would need to be lowered quite often. Proposals include a taller bridge or possibly a tunnel under the river.[34]


Tri-Rail shares the South Florida Rail Corridor trackage with Amtrak's Silver Meteor and Silver Star and CSX Transportation's Miami Subdivision. The Florida Department of Transportation purchased the track from CSX in 1989. Under the terms of the agreement, CSX would continue to provide dispatch services and physical plant maintenance for the track and would have exclusive freight trackage rights until certain conditions were met. As of Sunday March 29, 2015, at 12 midnight, CSX handed over dispatching and maintenance to SFRTA (Tri-Rail). While this should have the advantage of giving passenger trains signal priority over freight trains, it was at first wracked with delays.[37]

Tri-Rail participates in the EASY Card regional smartcard-based fare collection system along with Miami-Dade Transit. Purely paper tickets are also available for same-day or weekend use. A paper ticket or an EASY Card with a paper-based transfer receipt (created after a confirmed trip is completed) can be used to obtain transfer discounts when transferring to Broward County Transit as well as Palm Tran. Only EASY Cards may be used to obtain a transfer discount when transferring to Miami-Dade Transit.[38][39][40]

Fares and services

Tri-Rail fare is divided into six zones for one day passes, ranging from $2.50 to $11.55, with fare calculated by the number of zones traveled through, and whether it is one way or round trip. On weekends, a $5 all day pass good for all zones is available, though trains run hourly headways. For frequent use, Tri-Rail offers a $100.00 monthly pass (good for Tri-Rail only) and a $145.00 regional monthly pass good on Tri-Rail, Metrorail, and Metrobus. Discount fares are available for senior citizens, the disabled, students, and children under twelve.[41] Certain businesses allow their employees to register for the Employer Discount Program, which reduces their fares by 25%.[11] Free parking is available at all Tri-Rail stations.[42] On weekdays, 50 train trips are made in all, with 25 in each direction, while on weekends only 30 trips, 15 north and 15 south, are made in all, with 1 hour headways between each train. While Tri-Rail peaks at speeds of 79 miles per hour (127 km/h), it can be extracted from the timetable and the distance of the line that its overall average speed is approximately 38 miles per hour (61 km/h).

Revenue and expense

For fiscal year 2010, train revenue was approximately $10.3 million.[43] Total operating expenses for fiscal year 2010, including depreciation expense, were approximately $86.9 million. Expenses increased by approximately $14.9 million or 20.7% when compared to fiscal year 2009.[43] 2010 was a low year for ridership after the economy crashed and there were service cuts. By 2015, ridership was about 25% higher.[44]

Rolling stock


The service began with five Morrison-Knudsen F40PHL-2 diesel locomotives. Tri-Rail later took delivery of three MotivePower Industries F40PH-2C locomotives and two ex-Amtrak EMD F40PHs. In 2006, six EMD GP49 locomotives were acquired from Norfolk Southern Railway and were rebuilt by Mid America Car Company to the designation GP49H-3.

On October 29, 2008, the Tri-Rail switched to biodiesel fuel with a goal of a 99-percent blend, when available.[45]

On February 25, 2011, Tri-Rail announced an order for ten Brookville BL36PH locomotives, with options for thirteen more, from the Brookville Equipment Corporation at a cost of $109 million.[46] The purchase was met with criticism by the Florida Chamber of Commerce and state lawmakers, who claimed the bidding process was flawed. Rival bidder MotivePower Industries filed a lawsuit against Tri-Rail, claiming that the bidding process was skewed in Brookville's favour.[46] Tri-Rail later added two more BL36PH locomotives to the order for a total of twelve. As of 2015, all locomotives have been delivered and are used in regular service, allowing the F40PHL-2, F40PH-2C and F40PH locomotives to be retired. However, in July 2018, all the F40PH-2C and F40PH locomotives were sent up to Progress Rail in Georgia to be rebuilt and returned to service for use on the Coastal Link. They are expected to return in late 2019.

Passenger cars

Tri-Rail uses two types of passengers cars. Since the beginning of operations, the system has used 26 Bombardier BiLevel Coaches purchased new from Urban Transportation Development Corporation (even though they were delivered in GO Transit colors, the Tri-Rail cars were purchased new and never used or sold secondhand by GO), a common model among Canadian and US commuter railroads, 11 with operating cabs and 15 without. Briefly, bi-level rolling stock from Colorado Railcar (4 DMU power coaches and 2 unpowered coaches) was used beginning in 2006.

In 2010, the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority agreed to purchase new rail cars from Hyundai Rotem for $95 million.[47] The first new car was put into service in March 2011. By late 2011, the 12 new locomotives and 24 new passenger cars had not yet been delivered, and the original cars, many over 30 years old, were falling into disrepair. This led to Tri-Rail often running two cars per train instead of three despite increasing ridership, leaving only standing room on many trains during rush hour.[48] By January 2013, all trains were again running with 3 cars, just as most of the Hyundai Rotem rail cars were delivered. In addition to decreased comfort but more reliability, the new cars provide additional safety with front and rear crumple zones designed to absorb energy in a crash.[47]

In 2015, three Bombardier coaches were renovated to include additional bicycle capacity. Cars 1002, 1006, and 1007 had one side of seating removed from the lower levels, which were in turn replaced by bike racks. These trains with special bike cars have the capacity to carry an additional 14 bicycles per train.

Diesel multiple units

In 2003, after receiving a grant from the Florida Department of Transportation, Tri-Rail contracted to purchase two pieces of rolling stock from Colorado Railcar: a self-propelled diesel multiple unit (DMU) prototype control car and unpowered bi-level coach entered regular service with Tri-Rail in October 2006. The new purpose-built railcars are larger than the Bombardier BiLevel Coaches, holding up to 188 passengers, with room for bicycles and luggage. Tri-Rail possessed four DMU control cars and two unpowered trailer cars. One DMU train usually consists of two DMU power cars at each end of a trailer coach (making for two complete DMU+trailer+DMU sets on the system). One trainset was sent to the SunRail Rand Yard in Sanford, FL, months before the system opened, for test purposes on their new commuter line. The trainset was sent back to the CSX Hialeah Yard soon after SunRail began revenue service.


Year built Make and model Road Nos. Capacity Notes
1968 (Rebuilt 1988) M-K EMD F40PHL-2 801-805 3 crew These were the first diesel locomotives in service by Tri-Rail. Rebuilt from CR GP40 locomotives 3230, 3238, 3240, 3252 and 3256 in 1988. Retired 2015.
1992 M-K EMD F40PH-2C 807-809 3 crew All locomotives had new engines to improve head end power. Retired 2015. Currently being rebuilt.
1981 EMD F40PH 810-811 3 crew Formally Amtrak No. 363 and 379. Acquired 1997. Retired 2015. Currently being rebuilt.
1980 (Rebuilt 2006) EMD GP49PH-3 812-817 3 crew Ex-Norfolk Southern 4600-4605 GP49s. Locomotives were rebuilt and reclassified as GP49PH-3 in 2006 giving more horsepower than before. 813 and 814 have both been retired.
2013–15 Brookville BL36PH 818-829 3 crew All are in service
Passenger coaches
1987-1996 Bombarder Bi-Level Passenger Coach/Cab Car 501-511 (cab cars), 1001-1015 (trailer cars) 136 and 3 crew (cab cars), 142 (trailer cars), 128 (bicycle cars) Collected from GO Transit, repainted to Tri-Rail livery and all have been in service since. Cars 1002, 1006, and 1007 have been renovated to seat bicyclists. 510 wrecked in the Lake Worth derailment on January 4, 2016. 501, 1001, and 1009 all sidelined following involvement in the January 28, 2016 derailment.
2010-11 Hyundai Rotem Passenger Coach/Cab Car 512-521 (cab cars), 1101-1114 (trailer cars) 140 and 3 crew (cab cars), 146 (trailer cars) Tested in 2010 and all are in service since 2013. From February to May 2019, cab cars were banned from leading following failure of an inspection, and a locomotive would be flipped around and block the cab car.
Diesel multiple units
2002 Colorado Railcar Single-Level DMU Demonstrator 702 73 and 3 crew Formerly Colorado Railcar #2002. This unit was tested across the United States and Canada and was tested in select commuter railways in the US's metropolitan area and Alaska to promote companies for adding DMUs to their rosters. It was soon brought and sold by Tri-Rail and was repainted to their railway colors and was given a new number in 2004. It is now stored unserviceable in Pueblo, Colorado, after it was sold away. Bi-Level DMUs soon arrived to Tri-Rail after the demonstrator was returned to Colorado.
2005–09 Colorado Railcar Bi-Level Diesel Multiple Unit 703-706 165 and 3 crew No. 703 was the first Bi-Level DMU to test Florida Tri-Rail tracks in 2005. Others units arrived several years later and are all in service after testing
2005-07 Colorado Railcar Bi-Level Trailer Coach 7001-7002 182 Double Decker Coaches that usually transit with two DMUs. They are much larger than the Bombardier and Rotem coaches and they have a very large seating capacity too.


A typical station contains two tracks and two side platforms connected by an overpass. Most stations have large parking lots, however, some, like West Palm Beach and Hollywood have a limited number of spaces, most of which are reserved for Amtrak travelers.

Location Zone Station Time to Pompano Beach Year opened Connections
Mangonia Park 1 Mangonia Park 48 min 1998 Palm Tran: 20, 31, 33
West Palm Beach West Palm Beach 42 min 1925 Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Palm Tran: 1, 2, 31, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 49
Tri-Rail Shuttle: WBP1
City of West Palm Beach: Green Trolley
Greyhound Lines
Lake Worth Lake Worth 33 min 1989 Palm Tran: 61, 62
Tri-Rail Shuttle: LKW1
Boynton Beach 2 Boynton Beach 28 min 1989 Palm Tran: 70, 71
Delray Beach Delray Beach 19 min 1991 Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Palm Tran: 2, 70, 81, Downtown Roundabout Trolley
Boca Raton 3 Boca Raton 13 min 1989 Palm Tran: 2, 94
Tri-Rail Shuttle: BR1
City of Boca Raton: TPABS Shuttle, T-Rex Shuttle
Deerfield Beach Deerfield Beach 6 min 1926 Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Broward County Transit: 48
Tri-Rail Shuttle: DB1, DB2
Deerfield Beach Community Bus: 1
Pompano Beach Pompano Beach 1989 Broward County Transit: 34
Tri-Rail Shuttle: PB1
Fort Lauderdale 4 Cypress Creek 8 min 1989 Broward County Transit: 14, 60, 62
Tri-Rail Shuttle: CC1, CC2, CC3
Fort Lauderdale Sun Trolley: Uptown Link
Fort Lauderdale 15 min 1927 Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Broward County Transit: 9, 22, 81
Tri-Rail Shuttle: FL1, FL2, FL3
Fort Lauderdale Sun Trolley: Northwest Community Link, Neighborhood Link
Miami-Dade Metrobus: 95 Express
Dania Beach 5 Fort Lauderdale Airport 22 min 2000 Broward County Transit: 4, 6, 15, 16, 595 Express
Tri-Rail Shuttle: FLA1, SFEC Shuttle
Dania Beach Community Bus: West Route
Hollywood Sheridan Street 26 min 1996 Broward County Transit: 12
Tri-Rail Shuttle: SS1
Metrobus: 95 Express
Greyhound Lines
Hollywood 30 min 1928 Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Broward County Transit: 7, 95 Express
Hallandale Community Bus: 3
Hollywood Trolley: Train to Trolley Service
Miami 6 Golden Glades 39 min 1989 Metrobus: E, 22, 77, 155, 246, 277, 95 Express
Broward County Transit: 18, 441 Breeze, University Breeze
Greyhound Lines
Opa-locka Opa-locka 45 min 1927 Metrobus: 32, 42, 135
Tri-Rail Shuttle: North Link, South Link
Hialeah Metrorail Transfer 52 min 1989 Metrorail: Green Line
Metrobus: L, 42
Hialeah Market 58 min 1989 Metrobus: J, 36, 132
Miami Miami Airport 64 min 2012 Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Metrorail: Orange Line
Metrobus: 7, 37, 42, 57, 110, J, 150, 238, 297
MIA Mover
Greyhound Lines
Downtown Miami 2019[49] Virgin Trains USA
Metrorail: Green Line, Orange Line, Downtown Express
Metromover: Omni Loop, Brickell Loop, Inner Loop
Metrobus: 2, 3, 7, 9, 11, 21, 51, 77, 93, 95, S (119), 120, 207, 208, 246, 277, 500
Broward County Transit: 95, 595


Annual ridership averages

Annual total
% ChangePassengers
Weekday average

Ridership records

Tri-Rail posted its highest paid daily ridership in the commuter-rail system's 24-year history on June 24, 2013. It transported 19,060 people, many of whom attended a "victory parade" for the Miami Heat, which won the 2013 National Basketball Association championship. Most trains operated at or near capacity, SFTRA officials said in a press release. Special four-car sets were operated to accommodate the anticipated overflow crowd.[53]

Previous Miami Heat victory parades resulted in high ridership counts for Tri-Rail, as well. On June 23, 2006, Tri-Rail transported 18,613 riders; and on June 25, 2012, the agency carried 18,355 passengers.

Accidents and incidents

On January 4, 2016, a passenger train collided with a garbage truck which had broken down on a grade crossing at Lake Worth station and was derailed. Twenty-two people were injured.[54] This marked the first derailment in almost 27 years of operation.

On January 28, 2016, Tri-Rail suffered their second derailment in Pompano Beach, Florida, after a train hit debris on the tracks between the Cypress Creek and Pompano Beach stations. This section of track is also where Tri-Rail is allowed to go its fastest speed, 79 MPH. One injury was reported and GP49H-3 locomotive #813 and a Bombardier BiLevel Coach directly behind it came off the rail.[55]

See also


  1. "Tri Rail facts" (PDF).
  2. "Tri Rail facts" (PDF).
  3. "Tri-Rail Train Schedule". 9 July 1997. Archived from the original on 9 July 1997.
  4. CSX Miami Sub
  5. CSX Jacksonville Division Timetable
  6. "TRI-RAIL South Florida's Commuter Rail System". Retrieved 2011-11-10.
  7. "Tri-Rail's hardtimes WTVJ 1990". WJTV/YouTube. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
  8. "Officials seek public input on new transit option along FEC tracks". Sun-Sentinel. September 16, 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-14.
  9. Gibson, William E. (April 10, 2001). "TRI-RAIL GETS BOOST IN U.S. BUDGET SHORTFALL: BUSH'S BUDGET PROPOSAL LEAVES EVERGLADES PROJECTS OUT $58 MILLION". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
  10. Turnbell, Michael (June 20, 2002). "Tri-rail Upgrade To Speed Service". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-12-01.
  11. "Now we can get you to work faster..." (pdf). SFRTA. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
  12. "Gov. Rick Scott raps Tri-Rail while rejecting high-speed rail funding". Politifact. 2011-03-01. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  13. "I-95 express lane construction comes to Broward starting Nov. 28". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-11-23.
  14. "We can't let Tri-Rail close!". CNN. June 7, 2009. Archived from the original on April 21, 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
  15. Polansky, Risa (April 2, 2009). "Tri-Rail may be forced to cut half its weekday routes, eliminate weekend service". Miami Today News. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
  16. "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2013" (PDF). South Florida Regional Transportation Authority. December 12, 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-12.
  17. Salisbury, Susan (December 9, 2011). "Driving on the decline as gas prices remain above $3 a gallon". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2011-12-09.
  18. Turnbell, Michael (January 12, 2012). "Tri-Rail's ridership soars in 2011". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
  19. Turnbell, Michael (November 27, 2011). "New Pompano Beach Tri-Rail station will be solar-powered". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
  20. Turnbell, Michael (November 25, 2011). "Rough railroad crossing in Pompano Beach irks jostled drivers". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-12-01.
  21. David Smiley (11 April 2015). "Push to build Miami Tri-Rail station driven by desire as much as data". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2015-04-14.
  22. "The trains are too long. The platform is too short. Bad news for the new station". Miami Herald. January 29, 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-30.
  23. Turnbell, Michael (April 5, 2015). "Tri-Rail opens Miami airport station". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2015-04-05.
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