Trenton (2001 population 16,770) is a large unincorporated community in Southern Ontario in the municipality of Quinte West, Ontario, Canada. Located on the Bay of Quinte, it is the starting point for the Trent-Severn Waterway, which continues northwest to Peterborough and eventually Port Severn on Georgian Bay.
Dundas Street, the main road in Trenton
Location of Trenton in Ontario
|Coordinates: 44°06′00″N 77°34′50″W|
|Amalgamated||January 1, 1998|
|• Mayor||Jim Harrison|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Postal Code FSA|
The Trent River was known to the Mississauga as Sangichiwigewonk, or 'fast flowing.' It was re-named after the River Trent in England.
French explorer Samuel de Champlain followed the Trent passing through Trenton in 1615. The area around the mouth of the Trent River was first settled by Europeans in the 1780s. Assorted settlements and town plots in the area went under a number of names, until the Village of Trenton was incorporated in 1853. Trenton grew thanks to its port location and the area's lumber industry. During the First World War, the town was home to a major munitions plant owned by the British Chemical Company. This facility was built in 1915 to manufacture artillery, rifle, and small arms ammunition. Three weeks before the Armistice, an explosion levelled the plant. Remains of the old plant can still be found today.
Trenton was also an important film production centre. In 1917, a film studio was built in the town and a number of productions were filmed there. In 1923, the Trenton Film Plant was purchased by the Ontario government to house the studio and laboratory of the Ontario Motion Picture Bureau. The advent of talkies and 16mm film made the equipment at the film plant obsolete and the facility closed in 1934.
The construction of a RCAF Station Trenton, a major Royal Canadian Air Force base just east of Trenton, started in 1929 and continued through the 1930s. This provided a major economic boost to the area through the Great Depression, the Second World War and later.
Trenton was incorporated as a city in 1980. On January 1, 1998, Trenton was amalgamated with the Village of Frankford and the Townships of Murray and Sidney to form Quinte West. Home to nearly half the population of Quinte West, Trenton is the largest community within the municipality, and is one of Ontario's largest unincorporated settlements.
Canadian Forces Base Trenton/8 Wing, located on the east side of the town, is an important facility for the Royal Canadian Air Force's transport and search and rescue operations, and is Trenton's main employer.
Other large employers include Trenton Cold Storage, Norampac, Pentair Thermal Controls, Nestlé, ElectroCables, Domtech, Global Med Inc. (Schauenburg), Mckesson Canada and DECA Cables.
Tourism also plays an important role in the economy, given Trenton's location as the southern entry point for the Trent–Severn Waterway.
From 1917–1920, The Parker Bros. Textile Mill was a movie studio, which dubbed Trenton "Hollywood North".
Highway 401 crosses the Trent River on the north side of the town. Hastings County Road 2 (formerly Ontario Highway 2) is the main east–west route through town leading towards Brighton in the west and to Belleville in the east. The main north–south route is Hastings County Road 33 (formerly Ontario Highway 33), leading towards Picton to the south and Stirling to the north.
Canadian Pacific and Canadian National main railway lines (Toronto – Ottawa/Montreal) pass through the city. Via Rail offers limited passenger service to and from Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal via Kingston to Trenton Junction station.
Trenton Airport is co-located with CFB Trenton on the east side of town.
Trenton is the starting point for the Trent–Severn Waterway and two locks (Lock 1 and Lock 2) are located in the community.
Trenton also has a local public transit system, run by Quinte Access. It runs an hourly schedule Monday to Friday and limited service on Saturday (no Sunday Service, check for holidays) with Chevrolet Arboc specialized buses with ramps for wheelchairs. Several private firms also provide dispatched taxi services.
|Climate data for Trenton|
|Record high humidex||17.4||14.1||27.9||32.5||42.3||43.5||44.4||49.3||43.5||33.9||26.4||18.5||49.3|
|Record high °C (°F)||14.5
|Average high °C (°F)||−2.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−7.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−12.3
|Record low °C (°F)||−35.1
|Record low wind chill||−44.9||−44.1||−35.0||−21.9||−8.5||−0.7||5.6||0.7||−6.1||−12.2||−28.9||−42.4||−44.9|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||70.1
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||35.4
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||46.7
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||16.3||13.2||13.5||12.3||12.2||11.9||9.1||10.7||11.6||12.8||14.7||15.8||154.2|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||5.6||5.3||8.4||11.3||12.2||11.9||9.1||10.7||11.6||12.7||12.3||7.7||118.8|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||13.3||10.6||7.6||2.2||0.03||0||0||0||0||0.37||4.1||11.5||49.8|
|Source: Environment Canada|
Recreation and culture
Trenton is located on the Lake Ontario Waterfront Trail. Surrounding Trenton, there are numerous conservation areas, a YMCA, campsites, picnic grounds, and marinas. The area has nine golf courses, three ice hockey rinks, numerous soccer fields, bowling, many kilometres of walking trails, a dog park, curling rinks and baseball diamonds, amongst many other recreational activities. Trenton also serves as a gateway to Prince Edward County, south of the Bay of Quinte. This area is becoming increasingly well known for its vineyards, camping, beaches and boating.
The city is home to the Trenton Golden Hawks a junior hockey team that plays in the OJHL
Trenton is the site of the National Air Force Museum of Canada. It features an original RAF Halifax Bomber, the 75th RCAF time capsule, a Lockheed CC-130E Hercules, and many other aircraft and exhibits. The museum is presently restoring an Avro Lancaster bomber.
Every summer CFB Trenton also is home to over one thousand Royal Canadian Air Cadets who attend two-week Familiarization Courses, three-week Introductory Specialty Courses, and six-week Advanced Specialty Courses, and has special staff positions for more senior cadets. These summer courses introduce the cadets to a military learning environment. Most camps here also go on trips to the airport, the Air Museum, and other relevant places.
Trenton is a hot spot for sport fishing. Popular freshwater fish in the Bay of Quinte and the Trent River include walleye (pickerel), bass, pike, perch, and mudcat. During particular times of the year, salmon and rainbow trout can be caught in the Trent River and in cold-water streams in the area. Each year in May, the Kiwanis Club of Trenton holds the Annual Live Release Fishing Derby, attracting thousands of sport fishermen from around North America with major prizes for tagged fish and heaviest weighed walleye and Northern pike.
In 1990, Canadian poet Al Purdy (who received the Order of Canada and the Governor General's award) published his only novel A Splinter In The Heart. It takes place entirely in Trenton and provides a historical look at the town. It mentions many of the landmarks in the city (Mount Pelion, The Bridges, Trent River, etc.) and documents the period of the town directly before and after the huge munitions plant explosion of 1918. Purdy also wrote a poem entitled "At the Quinte Hotel" about the strip club in Trenton called The Sherwood Forest Inn.
The public school system is served by the Hastings and Prince Edward District School Board.] The Separate School system is served by the Algonquin and Lakeshore Catholic District School Board as well as one school in the area that is part of the neighbouring school board, Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board.
Trent River Public School North Trenton Public School Prince Charles Public School V.P. Carswell Public School Trenton High School
French Immersion: Bayside Public School (Located in Bayside)
Separate Schools: St. Mary Catholic School St. Peter Catholic School St. Paul Catholic Secondary School Murray Centennial Public School
French Schools: École élémentaire Catholique l'Envol (French Catholic School) École élémentaire publique Cité-Jeunesse (French Public School) École secondaire publique Marc-Garneau (French Public High School)
Private Schools: Trenton Christian School
- Marc Tessier-Lavigne, neuroscientist, the 11th and current president of Stanford University.
- Roy Bonisteel, journalist and the former host of the CBC Television program Man Alive.
- Mel Bridgman, former National Hockey League player.
- William Bleasdell Cameron (1862–1951), survivor of the Frog Lake Massacre, author, journalist.
- Graydon Carter, editor-in-chief, Vanity Fair.
- Henry Comstock, after whom Nevada's Comstock Lode was named.
- George Ferguson, former professional hockey player for the Toronto Maple Leafs.
- John Garrett, former National Hockey League goalie and hockey announcer.
- Howard Graham, Commander of the Canadian Army (1955–1958).
- Steve Graves, former National Hockey League hockey player.
- Jayna Hefford, member of Canada's gold medal women's hockey team at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics.
- Elizabeth Manley, 1988 Olympic figure skating silver medalist.
- Brenda Martin, a Canadian woman imprisoned in Mexico.
- Steve Smith, former National Hockey League player.
- Peter Wintonick, documentary filmmaker.
- Al Purdy, C.M., O.Ont., one of Canada's most renowned writers (1918–2000).
- Adam Sioui, 2008 Olympic swimmer.
- "The History of the Canadian Film Industry" Archived 2017-05-08 at the Wayback Machine. The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- "Easy to do Business with, Coast to Coast". Trenton Cold Storage. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Angus, James T. A Respectable Ditch: A History of the Trent-Severn Waterway 1833–1920. McGill-Queens University Press, Montreal and Kingston, 1988.
- Environment Canada—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 10 July 2012
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-13. Retrieved 2012-01-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Home page". Hastings & Prince Edward District School Board. Archived from the original on 4 October 2006. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Home page". Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board. Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Rayburn, Alan. Place Names of Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997. ISBN 0-8020-7207-0.
- Quinte West Tourism retrieved 2007-10-30
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trenton, Ontario.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Trenton (Ontario).|
- City of Quinte West Official Homepage
- Trentonian Newspaper
- New International Encyclopedia. 1905. .
- Memories of Good Times : A Pictorial History of the Lives and Activities of the People of Trenton Over the Past Century (Trent Port Historical Society, 1982) https://cdm22007.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p22007coll8/id/302870/rec/9
- Trenton Downtown Business Improvement Area http://www.downtowntrenton.ca/en/index.asp