Treaty of Dunkirk

The Treaty of Dunkirk was signed on 4 March 1947, between France and the United Kingdom in Dunkirk (France) as a Treaty of Alliance and Mutual Assistance against a possible German attack in the aftermath of World War II. It entered into force on 8 September 1947 and according with article VI paragraph 2 of its text it remained in force for a period of fifty years.

Treaty of Dunkirk
TypeMutual defence treaty
Signed4 March 1947
LocationDunkirk, France
Effective8 September 1947
PartiesFrance and the United Kingdom
LanguagesEnglish and French
Treaty of Dunkirk at Wikisource

According to Marc Trachtenberg, the German threat was a pretext for defense against the USSR.[1]

This Treaty preceded the Treaty of Brussels of 1948 (also known as "Brussels Pact"), which established the Western Union among Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, that became Western European Union in 1955, after the entry into force of the Treaty of Brussels of 1954 (also known as "Modified Brussels Treaty (MBT)"), when Italy and West Germany were added to the other nations.

See also


  1. Trachtenberg, Mark (1998). "A Constructed Peace: Appendices".

Further reading

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