Tranvía del Este
The Tranvía del Este, also known as the Puerto Madero Tramway, was a 12-block "demonstration" tram line in the Puerto Madero neighborhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina, in operation from 2007 to 2012. It used French-built Citadis 302 trams on loan, initially from Mulhouse, France, and later from Madrid, Spain, and was operated by the rail company Ferrovías.
Tram in Puerto Madero, 2009
|Service type||Light rail|
|First service||14 July 2007|
|Last service||October 10, 2012|
|Annual ridership||102,000 (2012)|
|Distance travelled||2 km (1.2 mi)|
|Service frequency||15 minutes|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Track owner(s)||Government of Argentina (2007-2013) |
After its initial demonstration status, numerous plans were put forward to extend the line and increase ridership, while incorporating it into the Buenos Aires Underground; however, none came to fruition. As of July 2016 it is planned to dismantle the line and move its infrastructure to other areas.
With construction of the first section completed, the line was inaugurated on July 14, 2007. Initially, the service was provided by two Citadis 302 model vehicles, manufactured by the French company Alstom, built for the Mulhouse tramway, in France, and temporarily loaned to Buenos Aires. Carrying Mulhouse numbers 04 and 05, the vehicles were double-ended, bi-directional, low-floor, four-section units, each section having 48 fixed seats, another 16 folding seats and standing room for a total of 300 passengers for the whole car. The vehicles, locally known by the name Celeris, ran on an exclusive right-of-way for 2 km (1.2 mi) parallel to Avenida Alicia Moreau de Justo, from Avenida Córdoba to Avenida Independencia.
After Mulhouse requested the return of the two trams it loaned, those cars left Buenos Aires in 2008. Replacing them on the Tranvía del Este was another tram of the same type, but loaned from Madrid, Spain, where it was number 153 (a number it also used in Buenos Aires) in the fleet of the Metro Ligero de Madrid light rail system.
The Mulhouse and Madrid trams both wore the paint schemes of their home systems while in Buenos Aires.
Trams ran from Monday through Saturday from 8:00 until 23:20, and on Sundays and holidays from 9:00 until 22:00, every 15 minutes. For tickets there were two Ticket Vending Machines (TVMs) installed at each station and guards with portable vending machines were also available. Tickets cost ARS 1.00 (around US$0.26).
Extensions were planned, of 2 km to Retiro railway station and the Intercity Bus Terminal and of 5.2 km from the then-existing terminus at Independencia to Caminito in La Boca. However, the extension plans did not proceed.
By 2012, the scheduled headway was 40 minutes, using one car, and ridership on the line declined to a very low level. In October 2012, the line's only tramcar broke down, and service consequently had to be suspended indefinitely. It was decided to close the line, and 10 October 2012 was the last day of service.
In January 2013, the Government of Argentina transferred the Buenos Aires Underground lines to the Government of Buenos Aires autonomous city, including the Tranvía del Este among its services. In May 2013, the defective car still remained, abandoned, at Independencia station. After the transfer, the extension and expansion of the line was considered but it was not carried out.
The proposal made by State-owned company "Subterráneos de Buenos Aires" (SBASE) consisted of a series of improvements to the service that included the extension of the line to Retiro complex (connecting it with the three railway terminals and the homonymous Underground stations). The project also included the construction of a second track and the purchase of eight trains (at a cost of US$2 million).
Nevertheless, in July 2016, the Chief of Government of Buenos Aires, Horacio Rodriguez Larreta, announced that the disused Tranvía del Este tracks would be lifted, and its components would be transferred to the Premetro, including its rolling stock (one tram), overhead lines and traffic signals. The reason given for dismantling of the line (along with freight tracks in its vicinity) was that its existence conflicted with a regeneration program over the line's entire trajectory, which would turn the right-of-way into parks as well as a partly-underground motorway for buses and heavy goods vehicles travelling between the north and south of the city.
- Tramways & Urban Transit, January 2013, p. 29. UK: LRTA Publishing.
- Estadísticas del transporte ferroviario - Total 2014 Archived 2015-06-12 at the Wayback Machine, CNRT website - Ministry of Transport
- Rocha, Laura (6 January 2007). "Comenzaron las obras para el tranvía de Puerto Madero" [Work begun for the Puerto Madero tramway]. La Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- Atta, Carlos (18 January 2008). "Francia quiere una red de tranvías en Buenos Aires" [France wants a tram network in Buenos Aires]. La Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- Tramways & Urban Transit, January 2009, p. 27. UK: LRTA Publishing.
- Rossi, Antonio (14 March 2008). "El Tranvía de Puerto Madero será ampliado de Retiro a la Boca" [The Puerto Madero tramway will be extended to Retiro and La Boca]. Clarín (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- "El tranvía de Puerto Madero está a la deriva" [The Puerto Madero tramway: Cost 8 million euros and now, adrift]. Infobae. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- Sanguinetti, Andrés (23 May 2013). "El tren de Puerto Madero, ocho meses sin servicio y un futuro incierto" [The Puerto Madero train [sic]: Eight months without service and an uncertain future]. El Cronista (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- "Es ley el traspaso del subte de la órbita nacional a la porteña", La Nación, 20 Dec 2012
- "La Legislatura aprobó el traspaso del subte", Página/12, 20 Dec 2012
- "Ahora SBASE busca extender el Tranvía del Este". EnElSubte (in Spanish). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- "La Ciudad desmantelará el tranvía de Puerto Madero" [City will dismantle the Puerto Madero tramway] (in Spanish). Noticias Urbanas. 25 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
- "Desmantelarán el tranvía de Puerto Madero". EnElSubte (in Spanish). 25 July 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- El tranvía de Puerto Madero, una postal de la desidia que se empezó a demoler by Diego Gabot, La Nación, 26 July 2017
- Paseo del Bajo at GCBA website
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