Transverse muscle of auricle

The transverse muscle of auricle (transverse auricular muscle,[1] transversus auriculae, transversus auricularis or transverse muscle of pinna[2]) is an intrinsic muscle of the outer ear.

Transverse muscle of auricle
The muscles of the outer ear.
OriginCranial surface of the eminentia conchae
InsertionCranial surface of the eminentia scaphae
ArteryAuricular branches of posterior auricular and auricular branch of occipital arteries
NerveFacial nerve
ActionsFlattens the cranial profile outer ear
LatinMusculus transversus auriculae
Anatomical terms of muscle

The muscle is located on the cranial surface of the pinna. It consists of scattered fibers, partly tendinous and partly muscular, extending from the eminentia conchae to the prominence corresponding with the scapha.[1]

While the muscle modifies the auricular shape only minimally in the majority of individuals, it could help flatten the cranial profile of the auricular cartilage.[2]

The transverse muscle is developmentally derived from the second pharyngeal arch.[2]

Additional images

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 1035 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. "Definition: 'Transverse Muscle Of Auricle'". MediLexicon International Ltd. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  2. "Transverse muscle of auricle". AnatomyExpert. Archived from the original on 21 July 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.

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