Trøndelag

Trøndelag (Urban East Norwegian: [ˇtrœndəlɑːɡ])[2][3] (Southern Sami: Trööndelagen, Swedish: Tröndelag) is a county in the central part of Norway. It was created in 1687, then named Trondhjem County (Norwegian: Trondhjems Amt); in 1804 the county was split into Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag, and the counties were reunited in 2018. Trøndelag county and the neighbouring Møre og Romsdal county together form what is known as Central Norway. A person from Trøndelag is called a trønder.

Trøndelag fylke

Trööndelagen fylhkenttjïelte
Seierstad in July 2007
Trøndelag within Norway
Coordinates: 63°25′37″N 10°23′35″E
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
RegionCentral Norway
County IDNO-50
Administrative centresSteinkjer (county municipality, county governor)
Trondheim (county mayor)
Government
  GovernorFrank Jenssen
  H
  (2018present)
  County mayorTore O. Sandvik
  Ap
  (2018present)
Area
  Total41,260 km2 (15,930 sq mi)
Area rank#2 in Norway, % of Norway's land area
Population
 (30 September 2019[1])
  Total466,128
  Rank5 (8.6% of country)
  Density11/km2 (29/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
0 %
Demonym(s)Trønder
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02 (CEST)
Websitewww.trondelagfylke.no
Data from Statistics Norway

The largest city in Trøndelag is the city of Trondheim. The administrative centre is Steinkjer, while Trondheim functions as the office of the county mayor.[4] Both cities serve the office of the county governor, however, Steinkjer houses the main functions.[5]

The old Trondhjems amt county was divided into two administrative counties in 1804 by the King of Denmark-Norway. In 2016, the two county councils voted to merge into a single county in 2018.[6][7]

The dialect spoken in the area, trøndersk, is characterized by dropping out most vowel endings; see apocope.

Trøndelag is one of the most fertile regions of Norway, with large agricultural output. The majority of the production ends up in the Norwegian cooperative system for meat and milk, but farm produce is a steadily growing business.

Name

The Old Norse form of the name was Þrǿndalǫg. The first element is the genitive plural of þrǿndr which means "person from Trøndelag", while the second is lǫg (plural of lag which means "law; district/people with a common law" (compare Danelaw, Gulaþingslǫg and Njarðarlǫg). A parallel name for the same district was Þróndheimr which means "the homeland (heim) of the þrǿndr".[8] Þróndheimr may be older since the first element has a stem form without umlaut.

History

People have lived in this region for thousands of years. In the early iron-age Trøndelag was divided into several petty kingdoms called fylki. The different fylki had a common law, and an early parliament or thing. It was called Frostating and was held at the Frosta-peninsula. By some this is regarded as the first real democracy.

In the time after Håkon Grjotgardsson (838-900), Trøndelag was ruled by the Jarl of Lade. Lade is located in the eastern part of Trondheim, bordering the Trondheimsfjord. The powerful Jarls of Lade continued to play a very significant political role in Norway up to 1030.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
176978,274    
1951307,635+293.0%
1960327,127+6.3%
1970350,297+7.1%
1980368,942+5.3%
1990377,202+2.2%
2000389,960+3.4%
2010422,102+8.2%
2017454,596+7.7%
Source: Statistics Norway . 2017 data[1]
Religion in Trøndelag[9][10]
religion percent
Christianity
88.17%
Islam
0.75%
Buddhism
0.24%
Other
10.84%

Jarls of Lade (Ladejarl) were:

Trøndelag (together with parts of Møre og Romsdal) was briefly ceded in 1658 to Sweden in the Treaty of Roskilde and was ruled by king Charles X until it was returned to Denmark-Norway after the Treaty of Copenhagen in 1660. During that time, the Swedes conscripted 2,000 men in Trøndelag, forcing young boys down to 15 years of age to join the Swedish armies fighting against Poland and Brandenburg. Charles X feared the Trønders would rise against their Swedish occupiers, and thought it wise to keep a large part of the men away. Only about one third of the men ever returned to their homes; some of them were forced to settle in the then Swedish province of Estonia, as the Swedes thought it would be easier to rule the Trønders there, utilising the ancient maxim of divide and rule.[11]

In the fall of 1718, during the Great Northern War, General Carl Gustaf Armfeldt was ordered by king Charles XII of Sweden to lead a Swedish army of 10,000 men into Trøndelag and take Trondheim. Because of his poor supply lines back to Sweden, Armfeldt's army had to live off the land, causing great suffering to the people of the region. Armfeldt's campaign failed: the defenders of Trondheim succeeded in repelling his siege. After Charles XII was killed in the siege of Fredriksten in Norway's southeast, Armfeldt was ordered back into Sweden. During the ensuing retreat, his 6,000 surviving threadbare and starving Caroleans were caught in a fierce blizzard. Thousands of Caroleans froze to death in the Norwegian mountains, and hundreds more were crippled for life.[12]

Government

The county is governed by the Trøndelag County Municipality. The town of Steinkjer is the seat of the county governor and county administration. Both the county governor and Trøndelag County Municipality, however, also have offices in Trondheim.

The county oversees the 41 upper secondary schools, including nine private schools. Six of the schools have more than 1000 students: four in Trondheim plus the Steinkjer Upper Secondary School and the Ole Vig Upper Secondary School in Stjørdalshalsen. The county has ten Folk high schools, with an eleventh folk high school being possibly being opened in Røros, with a possible start in 2019.[13]

Districts

The county is often sub-divided into several geographical regions:

Towns and cities

There are nine towns/cities in Trøndelag, plus the "mining town" of Røros.

Municipalities

There are 48 municipalities (in 2018) in Trøndelag county.

NameMapAdm. CenterPopulation
(2017)[1]
DistrictNumber [14]
TrondheimTrondheim190,464Trondheim Region5001
SteinkjerSteinkjer21,972Innherred5004
NamsosNamsos13,051Namdalen5005
HemneKyrksæterøra4,259Orkdalen5011
SnillfjordKrokstadøra982Orkdalen5012
HitraFillan4,659Orkdalen5013
FrøyaSistranda4,937Orkdalen5014
ØrlandBrekstad5,291Fosen5015
AgdenesLensvik1,711Orkdalen5016
BjugnBotngård4,822Fosen5017
ÅfjordÅrnes3,263Fosen5018
RoanRoan959Fosen5019
OsenSteinsdalen978Fosen5020
OppdalOppdal6,973Orkdalen5021
RennebuBerkåk2,556Gauldalen5022
MeldalMeldal3,960Gauldalen5023
OrkdalOrkanger11,981Trondheim Region5024
RørosRøros5,623Gauldalen5025
HoltålenRenbygda2,046Gauldalen5026
Midtre GauldalStøren6,319Gauldalen5027
MelhusMelhus16,213Orkdalen5028
SkaunBørsa8,000Trondheim Region5029
KlæbuKlæbu6,050Trondheim Region5030
MalvikHommelvik13,820Trondheim Region5031
SelbuMebonden4,098Stjørdalen5032
TydalÅs861Stjørdalen5033
MeråkerMidtbygda2,509Stjørdalen5034
StjørdalStjørdalshalsen23,625Stjørdalen5035
FrostaFrosta2,630Stjørdalen5036
LevangerLevanger19,892Innherred5037
VerdalVerdalsøra14,849Innherred5038
VerranMalm2,515Innherred5039
NamdalseidNamdalseid1,593Namdalen5040
SnåsaSnåsa2,159Namdalen5041
LierneSandvika1,389Namdalen5042
RøyrvikRøyrvik469Namdalen5043
NamsskoganNamsskogan872Namdalen5044
GrongMedjå2,467Namdalen5045
HøylandetHøylandet1,264Namdalen5046
OverhallaRanemsletta3,840Namdalen5047
FosnesDun628Namdalen5048
FlatangerLauvsnes1,090Namdalen5049
ViknaRørvik4,418Namdalen5050
NærøyKolvereid5,138Namdalen5051
LekaLeknes584Namdalen5052
InderøyStraumen6,800Innherred5053
Indre FosenÅrnset10,108Fosen5054
RindalRindal2,026Orkdalen5061
TrøndelagSteinkjer454,596Trøndelag50

Culture

Arts

The region's official theatre is the Trøndelag Teater in Trondheim.[15] At Stiklestad in Verdal, the historical play called The Saint Olav Drama has been played each year since 1954. It depicts the last days of Saint Olaf.

Jazz on a very high level is frequently heard in Trondheim, due to the high-level jazz education in Trondheim. Trondheim is also the national centre of rock music; the popular music museum Rockheim opened there in 2010. Trøndelag is also known for its local variety of rock music, often performed in local dialect, called "trønderrock".

Food and drink

The region is popularly known for its moonshine homebrew, called karsk. Although officially prohibited, the art of producing as pure home-made spirits as possible still has a strong following in parts of Trøndelag. Traditionally served mixed with coffee, local variations apply. In southern regions, people tend to use normal filter coffee, while in the north they choose to serve karsk with as weak coffee as possible.

The "official dish" of the region is sodd which is made from sheep or beef meat and meatballs in boiled stock. The Norwegian Grey Troender sheep is an endangered breed of domesticated sheep that originated from Trøndelag in the late 19th century. There are currently approximately 50 individual animals remaining and efforts are being made to revive the breed.

See also

References

  1. Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  2. Berulfsen, Bjarne (1969). Norsk Uttaleordbok (in Norwegian). Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co (W Nygaard). p. 336.
  3. Vanvik, Arne (1985). Norsk Uttaleordbok: A Norwegian pronouncing dictionary (in Norwegian and English). Oslo: Fonetisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. p. 311. ISBN 978-8299058414.
  4. "Fakta om Trøndelag". www.trondelagfylke.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  5. "Om oss". Trøndelag (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  6. Hofstad, Sigrun (2016-04-27). "Her bankes det for et samlet Trøndelag". NRK (in Norwegian).
  7. "Trøndelag fylke: English". Trøndelag fylke. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  8. Sandnes, Jørn; Stemshaug, Ola (1980). Norsk stadnamnleksikon. pp. 322–323.
  9. Statistics Norway - Church of Norway. Archived 2012-07-16 at Archive.today
  10. Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010
  11. Gjerset, Knut (1915). History of the Norwegian People, Volumes II. The MacMillan Company. pp. 318–320.
  12. "Historien" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-04-07.
  13. Olsen Haugen, Morten, ed. (2018-03-10). "Trøndelag". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  14. "Nye fylkes- og kommunenummer - Trøndelag fylke" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Det kongelige kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartement.
  15. Haugan, Trond E (2008). Byens magiske rom: Historien om Trondheim kino. Tapir Akademisk Forlag. ISBN 9788251922425.)
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.