Toyama Prefecture

Toyama Prefecture (富山県, Toyama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu.[2] Toyama Prefecture has a population of 1,044,588 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,247.61 km² (1,640.01 sq mi). Toyama Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture to the south, Nagano Prefecture to the east, and Niigata Prefecture to the northeast.

Toyama Prefecture

富山県
Japanese transcription(s)
  Japanese富山県
  RōmajiToyama-ken

Flag

Symbol
Coordinates: 36°43′N 137°9′E
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Hokuriku)
IslandHonshu
CapitalToyama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 2, Municipalities: 15
Government
  GovernorTakakazu Ishii
Area
  Total4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi)
Area rank33rd
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total1,044,588
  Rank38th
  Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-16
Websitepref.toyama.jp
Symbols
BirdPtarmigan[1]
FishJapanese amberjack
Pasiphaea japonica
Firefly squid[1]
FlowerTulip (Tulipa)[1]
TreeTateyama Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)[1]

Toyama is the capital and largest city of Toyama Prefecture, with other major cities including Takaoka, Imizu, and Nanto.[3] Toyama Prefecture is part of the historic Hokuriku region, and the majority of prefecture's population lives on Toyama Bay, one of the largest bays in Japan. Toyama Prefecture is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast and has the advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. Toyama Prefecture contains the only known glaciers in East Asia outside of Russia, first recognized in 2012, and 30% of the prefecture's area is designated as national parks.[4]

History

Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province.[5] Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture.

In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.

The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.

Geography

Toyama Prefecture is bordered by Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Niigata to the northeast, Nagano to the southeast, Gifu to the south and Sea of Japan to the north.

As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[6]

Municipalities

Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages).

Cities

Ten cities are located in Toyama Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

List of governors of Toyama Prefecture (from 1947)

This is a list of governors of Toyama with their titles.

  • 19 April, 1947–15 November, 1947: Tetsuji Tachi (館哲二)
  • 16 November, 1947-30 September, 1956: Takekuni Takatsuji (高辻武邦)
  • 1 October, 1956–1 December, 1969: Minoru Yoshida (吉田実)
  • 30 December, 1969-18 September, 1980: Kokichi Nakata (中田幸吉)
  • 11 November, 1980-8 November, 2004: Yutaka Nakaoki (中沖豊)
  • 9 November, 2004-present: Takakazu Ishii (石井隆一)

Economy

Agriculture

In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 2.5% of Japan's rice production [7] and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate. It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline.

Manufacturing

Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing.

Energy

Kurobe Dam generates electricity for the Kansai Electric Power Company. It is located on the Kurobe River in Toyama Prefecture.

Demographics

As of October 2010, the population of the prefecture was 1,090,367.[8]

Transportation

Rail

Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen

Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen and Thunderbird Limited Express

  • The Hokuriku Shinkansen line is scheduled to extend to Osaka in the future, and will shorten the Osaka-Toyama trip to approximately 1 hr 40 min.

Expressway

Air

Domestic

International

Culture

UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites

Gokayama Historical Village (Nanto City)

National Treasures of Japan

Zuiryū-ji Temple (Takaoka City)

Festivals

Spring

Summer

  • Sassa Narimasa Sengoku Era Festival (Toyama City), Late July
  • Japan Wildlife Film Festival (Toyama Prefecture), Early August

Fall

Winter

Regional Foods

  • Trout Sushi (Masu Zushi)
  • White Shrimp (Shiro Ebi)
  • Matured Yellow Tail (Buri)
  • Firefly Squid (Hotaru Ika)
  • Fish Paste (Kamaboko)

Regional sake

  • Tateyama (立山)
  • Narimasa (成政)
  • Masuizumi (満寿泉)
  • Sanshoraku (三笑楽)

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama.

Football (soccer)

Basketball

Baseball

Rugby Union

Tourism

Notes

  1. 富山県の魅力・観光>シンボル. Toyama Prefectural website (in Japanese). Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Toyama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books; "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Toyama" at p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books.
  4. Matsutani, Minoru (April 6, 2012). "First glaciers in Japan recognised". The Japan Times. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
  5. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  7. "米の生産 〔2014年〕" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  8. "Location - Area - Population". Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  9. "Andhra Pradesh inks pact with Toyama Prefecture". The Hindu. December 29, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2019.

References

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