Topological algebra

In mathematics, a topological algebra is an algebra and at the same time a topological space, where the algebraic and the topological structures are coherent in a specified sense.

Definition

A topological algebra over a topological field is a topological vector space together with a bilinear multiplication

,

that turns into an algebra over and is continuous in some definite sense. Usually the continuity of the multiplication is expressed by one of the following (non-equivalent) requirements:

  • joint continuity[1]: for each neighbourhood of zero there are neighbourhoods of zero and such that (in other words, this condition means that the multiplication is continuous as a map between topological spaces ), or
  • stereotype continuity[2]: for each totally bounded set and for each neighbourhood of zero there is a neighbourhood of zero such that , or
  • separate continuity[3]: for each element and for each neighbourhood of zero there is a neighbourhood of zero such that and .

(Certanly, joint continuity implies stereotype continuity, and stereotype continuity implies separate continuity.) In the first case is called a topological algebra with jointly continuous multiplication, and in the last - with separately continuous multiplication.

A unital associative topological algebra is (sometimes) called a topological ring.

History

The term was coined by David van Dantzig; it appears in the title of his doctoral dissertation (1931).

Examples

1. Fréchet algebras are examples of associative topological algebras with jointly continuous multiplication.
2. Banach algebras are special cases of Fréchet algebras.
3. Stereotype algebras are examples of associative topological algebras with stereotype continuous multiplication.

Notes

References

  • Beckenstein, E.; Narici, L.; Suffel, C. (1977). Topological Algebras. Amsterdam: North Holland. ISBN 9780080871356.
  • Akbarov, S.S. (2003). "Pontryagin duality in the theory of topological vector spaces and in topological algebra". Journal of Mathematical Sciences. 113 (2): 179–349. doi:10.1023/A:1020929201133.
  • Mallios, A. (1986). Topological Algebras. Amsterdam: North Holland. ISBN 9780080872353.
  • Balachandran, V.K. (2000). Topological Algebras. Amsterdam: North Holland. ISBN 9780080543086.
  • Fragoulopoulou, M. (2005). Topological Algebras with Involution. Amsterdam: North Holland. ISBN 9780444520258.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.