Tobol River

Tobol (Russian: Тобол, Kazakh: Тобыл Tobyl) is a river and the main tributary of the Irtysh. Its length is 1,660 km (1,030 mi), and the area of its drainage basin is 395,000 km2 (153,000 sq mi).

Tobol River
Confluence of Irtych and Tobol in Tobolsk in 1912
Map of the Tobol watershed
Location
CountryRussia
Physical characteristics
Source 
  locationTurgai Plateau
Mouth 
  location
Irtysh River
Length1,591 km (989 mi)
Basin size426,000 km2 (164,000 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average805 cubic metres per second (28,400 cu ft/s)

History

The Tobol River was one of the four important rivers of the Siberia Khanate. In 1428 the khan was killed in a battle with the forces of Abu'l-Khayr Khan at the Battle of Tobol.[1]

In the 16th century, the Tobol was the eastern terminus of the portage route leading westward to the Vishera and Kama Rivers.

Cities and towns on the Tobol

Main tributaries

References

  1. Forsyth, James (1992). A History of the Peoples of Siberia: Russia's North Asian Colony, 1581-1990. Cambridge University Press. p. 25. ISBN 0-521-47771-9.

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