Timeline of first artificial satellites by country

As of 6 December 2019, over eighty countries have operated artificial satellites.

  Denotes international organisations
  Denotes countries formerly part of another country which already had a spacecraft in orbit
  Denotes countries with disputed sovereignty or recognition and autonomous dependent territories
Country Satellite Operator Manufacturer Carrier rocket[1] Launch site[1] Date (UTC)[1] Remarks
 Soviet UnionSputnik 1[2]OKB-1 OKB-1 Sputnik 8K71PS Baikonur4 October 1957First satellite launched
 United StatesExplorer 1[3]ABMA JPL Juno I RS-29 Cape Canaveral1 February 1958
 United KingdomAriel 1[4]RAE NASA Thor DM-19 Delta Cape Canaveral26 April 1962
 CanadaAlouette 1[5]DRDC DRDC Thor DM-21 Agena-B Vandenberg29 September 1962
 ItalySan Marco 1[6]CNR CRA[6] Scout X-4 Wallops15 December 1964
 FranceAstérix[7]CNES CNES Diamant A Hammaguir26 November 1965
 AustraliaWRESAT[8]WRE WRE Sparta Woomera29 November 1967
ESRO 2B[9]ESRO Hawker Siddeley[9] Scout B Vandenberg17 May 1968[10]
 West GermanyAzur[11]DLR DLR / NASA Scout B Vandenberg8 November 1969
 JapanOhsumi[12]ISAS ISAS Lambda-4S Kagoshima11 February 1970
 People's Republic of ChinaDongfanghong I[13]CAST CAST Chang Zheng 1 Jiuquan24 April 1970
 NetherlandsANS[14]SRON / NASA Philips Scout D-1 Vandenberg30 August 1974
 SpainIntasat[14]INTA Standard Electrica Delta 2310 Vandenberg15 November 1974
 IndiaAryabhata[14]ISRO ISRO Kosmos-3M Kapustin Yar19 April 1975
 IndonesiaPalapa A1[14]Perumtel Hughes Delta 2914 Cape Canaveral8 July 1976
 CzechoslovakiaMagion 1[14] Kosmos-3M Plesetsk24 October 1978
 BulgariaBulgaria 1300[14]BSA Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Vostok-2M Plesetsk7 August 1981
 Saudi ArabiaArabsat-1AArabsat AérospatialeAriane 3 Kourou8 February 1985
 BrazilBrasilsat A1[14]Embratel Hughes
 MexicoMorelos 1[14]SCT Hughes Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy17 June 1985Deployed using PAM-D during STS-51-G
 SwedenVikingSSC Boeing/
Ariane 1 Kourou22 February 1986
 IsraelOfek-1 IAI Shavit Palmachim19 September 1988
 LuxembourgAstra 1ASES Astra GE AstrospaceAriane 44LP Kourou11 December 1988
 ArgentinaLusatAMSAT ArgentinaAriane 40 Kourou22 January 1990
 Hong KongAsiaSat 1AsiaSat Hughes Chang Zheng 3 Xichang7 April 1990Hong Kong, a British Overseas Territory, became part of the People's Republic of China in July 1997
 PakistanBadr-1SUPARCO SUPARCO Chang Zheng 2E Xichang16 July 1990
 RussiaKosmos 2175 Soyuz-U Plesetsk21 January 1992Successor state to the Soviet Union
 South KoreaKitsat-1KAIST SSTLAriane 42P Kourou10 August 1992
 PortugalPoSAT-1PoSAT SSTLAriane 40 Kourou26 September 1993
 ThailandThaicom-1Shin Satellite HughesAriane 44L Kourou18 December 1993
 TurkeyTurksat 1BTurksat AérospatialeAriane 44LP Kourou10 August 1994
 Czech RepublicMagion 4 Molniya-M Plesetsk2 August 1995Formerly part of Czechoslovakia
 UkraineSich-1 Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk31 August 1995Formerly part of the Soviet Union
 ChileFasat-Alfa SSTLFailed to separate
 MalaysiaMEASAT-1MEASAT HughesAriane 44L Kourou13 January 1996
 NorwayThor 2Telenor Hughes Delta II 7925 Cape Canaveral20 May 1997
 PhilippinesMabuhay (Agila 1)
(former Palapa B2P)
Mabuhay Delta-3920 Cape Canaveral20 March 1987Originally operated and launched for Indonesian company PT Pasifik Satelit Nusantara. Acquired while on orbit by Mabuhay in 1996 making it the first Philippine owned satellite.
Mabuhay 1 (Agila 2) SS/Loral Chang Zheng 3B Xichang19 August 1997First Philippine satellite to be launched from space
 EgyptNilesat 101NilesatAstriumAriane 44P Kourou28 April 1998
 Republic of China
AstriumAriane 44P Kourou25 August 1998
 Republic of ChinaFormosat-1NSPO TRW Athena I Cape Canaveral27 January 1999
 South AfricaSUNSATStellenbosch Stellenbosch Delta II 7920 Vandenberg23 February 1999Launched on same rocket as first Danish satellite
 DenmarkØrsted CRILaunched on same rocket as first South African satellite
 United Arab EmiratesThuraya 1Thuraya Boeing Zenit-3SL Odyssey21 October 2000
 BelgiumPROBA-1ESA Verhaert Space Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle Satish Dhawan22 October 2001
 MoroccoMaroc-Tubsat TU Berlin Zenit-2 Baikonur10 December 2001
 TongaEsiafi 1
(formerly Comstar D4)
TONGASAT SS/Loral Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR Cape Canaveral21 February 1981A private American satellite that transferred ownership to Tonga in April 2002
 AlgeriaAlSAT-1 SSTL Kosmos-3M Plesetsk28 November 2002
 GreeceHellas-Sat 2Hellas-SatAstrium Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral13 May 2003
 NigeriaNigeriaSat-1 SSTL Kosmos-3M Plesetsk27 September 2003
 IranSina-1 NPO Polyot Kosmos-3M Plesetsk27 October 2005
 KazakhstanKazSat-1 Khrunichev Proton-M/DM3 Baikonur17 June 2006Formerly part of the Soviet Union
 ColombiaLibertad-1 Dnepr Baikonur17 April 2007
 MauritiusRascom-QAF 1Rascom AlcatelAriane 5GS Kourou21 December 2007
 VietnamVinasat-1Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group Lockheed MartinAriane 5ECA Kourou18 April 2008
 VenezuelaVenesat-1 CAST Chang Zheng 3B/E Xichang29 October 2008
  SwitzerlandSwissCube-1 PSLV-CA Satish Dhawan23 September 2009
 SingaporeX-Sat SATREC PSLV-C Satish Dhawan20 April 2011
 Isle of ManViaSat-1ViaSat-IOM, ManSat, Telesat-IOM SS/Loral Proton-M/Briz-M Baikonur19 October 2011Isle of Man is a Crown Dependency of the British sovereign
 HungaryMaSat-1[15] BMEVega Kourou13 February 2012
 PolandPW-Sat[15]Warsaw University of Technology, Space Research CentreDeorbit on 28 October 2014
 BelarusBelKA-2[16][17] Soyuz-FG/Fregat Baikonur22 July 2012
 North KoreaKwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2[18]KCST Unha-3 Sohae12 December 2012Failed to operate in orbit
 AzerbaijanAzerspace-1/Africasat-1a[19] Orbital SciencesAriane 5ECA Kourou7 February 2013Formerly part of the Soviet Union
 AustriaTUGSAT-1/UniBRITE[20] UTAIS PSLV-CA Satish Dhawan25 February 2013Austria's first two satellites were launched together
 BermudaBermudasat 1
(former EchoStar VI)
Bermudasat SS/Loral Atlas IIAS Cape Canaveral14 July 2000Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory; Bermudasat 1 (former private American EchoStar VI) satellite was transferred in April 2013 to Bermuda being at orbit
 EcuadorNEE-01 Pegaso[21]EXA EXA Chang Zheng 2D Jiuquan26 April 2013
 EstoniaESTCube-1Vega Kourou7 May 2013Estonia was formerly occupied by the Soviet Union.
 JerseyO3b-1/O3b-2/O3b-3/O3b-4O3b Networks Thales Alenia Space Soyuz-STB/Fregat-MT Kourou25 June 2013Jersey's first four satellites were launched together. Jersey is a Crown Dependency of the British sovereign
Eutelsat 25B / Es'hail 1Eutelsat
SS/LoralAriane 5ECA Kourou29 August 2013Qatar's first satellite flew as a joint project with the French corporation Eutelsat
 QatarEs'hail 1Es'hailSat SS/LoralAriane 5ECA Kourou29 August 2013Full ownership of the joint France-Qatar satellite Eutelsat 25B / Es'hail 1 was sold to Es'hailsat in 2018 [22]
 PeruPUCP-Sat 1 Dnepr Dombarovsky21 November 2013
 BoliviaTúpac Katari 1 CAST Chang Zheng 3B/E Xichang20 December 2013
 LithuaniaLitSat-1/Lituanica SAT-1 Antares 120 MARS LP-0A9 January 2014The first two Lithuanian satellites were launched together; both carried to the International Space Station and deployed later in the year. Lithuania was formerly occupied by the Soviet Union.
 IraqTigrisatMOST / La Sapienza La Sapienza Dnepr Dombarovsky19 June 2014
 TurkmenistanTurkmenAlem52E/MonacoSATTNSA Alcatel Falcon 9 Cape Canaveral27 April 2015Formerly part of the Soviet Union.
 LaosLaosat-1Laos National Authority for Science and Technology CAST Chang Zheng 3B/E Xichang20 November 2015
 FinlandAalto-2Aalto University Aalto University Atlas V 401 Cape Canaveral18 April 2017
 BangladeshBRAC ONNESHABRACU KIT Falcon 9 Full Thrust Kennedy3 June 2017Launched on same rocket as first Ghanaian and Mongolian satellites
 GhanaGhanaSat-1All Nations UniversityLaunched on same rocket as first Bangladeshi and Mongolian satellites
 MongoliaMazaalai (satellite)National University of MongoliaLaunched on same rocket as first Ghanaian and Bangladeshi satellites
 LatviaVenta 1Ventspils University College Ventspils University College PSLV-CA Satish Dhawan23 June 2017Formerly occupied by the Soviet Union, Launched on same rocket as first Slovakian satellite
 SlovakiaskCUBESOSA SOSAFormerly part of Czechoslovakia, Launched on same rocket as first Latvian satellite
 AngolaAngoSat 1AngoSatRSC Energia Zenit-3F / Fregat-SB Baikonur26 December 2017Launch was successful but contact was lost quickly afterwards.[23] On 28 December 2017, communication was restored and telemetry was received.[24]
 New ZealandHumanity StarRocket Lab Rocket Lab Electron Rocket Lab Launch Complex 121 January 2018First satellite launched by New Zealand laucher.
 Costa RicaProyecto IrazúCosta Rica Institute of Technology Costa Rica Institute of Technology Falcon 9 Cape Canaveral2 April 2018First satellite of Central America. Manufactured in Costa Rica.[25]
 Kenya1KUNS-PFUniversity of NairobiUniversity of Nairobi Launched on same rocket as first Costa Rican satellite.
 BhutanBhutan 1 Bhutanese students under Kyutech-led second Joint Global Multination Birds Project (Birds-2)-"- Falcon 9 Full Thrust Cape Canaveral29 June 2018
 JordanJY1-SAT Jordanian students under the Crown Prince Foundation-"- Falcon 9 Full Thrust Vandenberg3 December 2018
   NepalNepaliSat-1NASA for Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Kyushu Institute of Technology Antares 230 MARS LP0A17 April 2019
 Sri LankaRaavana 1NASA University of Peradeniya Antares 230 MARS LP0A17 April 2019
 RwandaRWASAT-1Rwanda Utilities Regulatory AuthorityRwandan engineers swith support from University of Tokyo H-IIB Tanegashima Space Centre Yoshinobu Launch Complex24 September 2019
 SudanSudan Remote Sensing Satellite 1 (SRSS-1)SudanISRA Long March 4B Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre LC-93 November 2019

See also


  1. McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  2. Zak, Anatoly. "Sputnik's Mission". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  3. "Explorer 1". Milestones of Flight. Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  4. "Timeline: 1960s". Space Research: 50 Years and Beyond. University of Leicester. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  5. "Alouette I and II". Canadian Space Agency. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  6. Russo, Arturo (2002). The Century of Space Science. 1. Springer. p. 52. ISBN 0-7923-7196-8.
  7. Kramer, Herbert J. (2002). Observation of the Earth and Its Environment: Survey of Missions and Sensors. Springer. p. 160. ISBN 3-5404-2388-5.
  8. Williamson, Mark (2006). Spacecraft Technology: The Early Years. Institution of Engineering and Technology. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-86341-553-1.
  9. "ESA Achievements" (PDF). European Space Agency. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  10. "ELDO/ESRO/ESA: Key Dates 1960-2013". European Space Agency. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  11. "When did the first German satellite go into space?". DLR. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  12. "Ohsumi". Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  13. Long, Wei (25 April 2000). "China Celebrates 30th Anniversary Of First Satellite Launch". Space Daily. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  14. "First Time in History". The Satellite Encyclopedia. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  15. "Central and Eastern Europe Make History with Small Satellites". European Space Agency. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  16. Krebs, Gunter. "BKA (BelKa 2)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  17. "Belarus' first satellite enters orbit". Xinhua. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  18. Fisher, Max (12 December 2012). "Real-time satellite tracker shows precise location of North Korea's new satellite". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  19. Agayev, Zulfugar (8 February 2013). "First Azeri Satellite Launched, Two More Planned in 2015-2016". Bloomberg. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  20. "AUSTRIAN SATELLITES: BRITE-AUSTRIA & UniBRITE". BRITE-Constellation. Universität Wien. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  21. Barbosa, Rui C. (26 April 2013). "China back in action with Long March 2D launch of Gaofen-1". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  22. https://www.satellitetoday.com/business/2018/08/10/eshailsat-makes-deal-with-eutelsat-to-fully-own-satellite/
  23. Krebs, Gunter. "AngoSat 1". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  24. http://tass.ru/kosmos/4850396
  25. "Costa Rica Launches Its First Satellite Into Space with SpaceX". The Costa Rica Star. 2 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
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