Timeline of artificial satellites and space probes

This timeline of artificial satellites and space probes includes unmanned spacecraft including technology demonstrators, observatories, lunar probes, and interplanetary probes. First satellites from each country are included. Not included are most earth science satellites, commercial satellites or manned missions.

Timeline

1950s

Year DateOriginName Launch VehicleStatusDescription Weight
1957 October 4 Soviet UnionSputnik 1 Sputnik-PSSuccessThe first human-made object to orbit Earth. 83.6 kg (183.9 lb)
November 3 Soviet UnionSputnik 2 Sputnik-PSSuccessThe first satellite to carry a living animal, a dog named Laika. 508 kg (1,118 lb)
December 6 USAVanguard 1A Vanguard TV-3FailedThe first stage engine was improperly started, causing the vehicle to fall back to the launch pad immediately after launch and explode.[1] 1.36 kg (2.99 lb)
1958 January 31 USAExplorer 1 Juno ISuccessThe first American satellite in space.[1] 13.91 kg (30.66 lb)
February 5 USAVanguard 1B Vanguard TV-3BUFailedControl failure caused vehicle breakup at T+57 seconds as vehicle exceeded an angle of attack of 45° due to a control system malfunction.[1] 1.36 kg (2.99 lb)
March 5 USAExplorer 2 Juno IFailedFailed to orbit. Fourth stage did not ignite.[1] 14.52 kg (31.94 lb)
March 17 USAVanguard 1C Vanguard TV-4SuccessVanguard 1. Expected to de-orbit in ~2240AD, this and its upper launch stage are the oldest human-made objects in space. Also the first use of solar cells to power a satellite.[1] 1.47 kg (3.25 lb)
March 26 USAExplorer 3 Juno ISuccessAdded to data received by Explorer 1.[1] 14.1 kg (31.0 lb)
April 27 Soviet UnionSputnik 3 Sputnik 89A1FailedRocket engine failure at 12 - 15 km. [2] 1,327 kg (2,926 lb)
April 29 USAVanguard 2A Vanguard TV-5FailedSecond stage shutdown sequence not completed, preventing proper 3rd stage separation and firing. Did not reach orbit.[1] 9.98 kg (21.96 lb)
May 15 Soviet UnionSputnik 3 SputnikSuccessContained 12 instruments for a wide range of upper atmosphere tests. 1,327 kg (2,926 lb)
May 28 USAVanguard 2B Vanguard SLV-1FailedThe first production model of the series. Nominal flight until a guidance error was encountered on second stage burnout. Did not reach orbit.[1] 9.98 kg (21.96 lb)
June 26  USA Vanguard 2C Vanguard SLV-2 Failed Premature second stage cutoff prevented third stage operation. Did not reach orbit.[1] 9.98 kg (21.96 lb)
July 26  USA Explorer 4 Juno I Success Expanded data set of previous Explorer missions and collected data from Argus high-altitude nuclear explosions.[1] 11.7 kg (25.8 lb)
August 17  USA Pioneer 0 Thor-Able 1 Failed Failed to orbit. First stage engine failure caused explosion at T+77 seconds. 38 kg (84 lb)
August 24  USA Explorer 5 Juno I Failed On-board instruments damaged on first stage separation. Failed to orbit.[1] 11.7 kg (25.8 lb)
September 26  USA Vanguard 2D Vanguard SLV-3 Failed Second stage under-performed, lacking only ~76 m/s (~250 fps) required to achieve orbit.[1] 10.6 kg (23.3 lb)
October 11 USAPioneer 1 Thor-Able 1Partial SuccessFirst spacecraft launched by NASA. Studied Earth's magnetic fields. Third stage provided insufficient thrust to reach the Moon, leaving it sub-orbital.[3] 38 kg (84 lb)
October 22  USA Beacon 1 Jupiter-C Failed A thin plastic sphere (12-feet in diameter) intended to study atmosphere density.[3] Payload dropped due to rotational vibrations.[1] 4.2 kg (9.2 lb)
November 8  USA Pioneer 2 Thor-Able 1 Failed Briefly provided further data on Earth's magnetic field. Third stage provided insufficient thrust to reach the vicinity of the Moon.[3] 38 kg (83 lb)
December 6  USA Pioneer 3 Juno II Partial Success Did not reach moon as intended, but discovered a second radiation belt around Earth.[3] 5.9 kg (13.0 lb)
1959 January 2 Soviet UnionLuna 1 LunaSuccessThe first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon, and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit. 361 kg (794.2 lb)
February 17 USAVanguard 2E Vanguard SLV-4SuccessVanguard 2. Measured cloud cover. First photo of Earth from a satellite. Precession motion resulted in difficulty interpreting data.[3] 10.8 kg (23.7 lb)
March 3  USA Pioneer 4 Juno II Success Passed within 60,030 km (37,300 mi) of the Moon into a heliocentric orbit, returning excellent radiation data.[3] 6.1 kg (13.4 lb)
April 13 USAVanguard 3A Vanguard SLV-5FailedFailed to orbit. Second stage hydraulics failure led to loss of control, damaged at launch. Two spheres included as payload.[3] 10.3 kg (22.7 lb)
June 22 USAVanguard 3B Vanguard SLV-6FailedFailed to orbit. Second stage exploded due to stuck helium vent valve. Intended to measure weather effects related to solar-Earth heating processes.[3] 10.3 kg (22.7 lb)
July 16  USA Explorer S-1 Juno II Failed Did not achieve orbit. Guidance system power malfunction. Destroyed by range safety officer at T+5.5s.[3] 41.5 kg (91.3 lb)
August 7  USA Explorer 6 Thor-Able 3 Success Included instruments to study particles and meteorology.[3] 64.4 kg (141.7 lb)
August 14  USA Beacon 2 Juno II Failed Premature cutoff of first stage caused upper stage malfunction.[3] 4.5 kg (9.9 lb)
September 12 Soviet UnionLuna 2 LunaSuccessThe first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon, and the first human-made object to land on another celestial body. 390.2 kg (858.4 lb)
September 18 USAVanguard 3 Vanguard TV-4BUSuccessIncorporated Allegany Ballistics Laboratory X248 A2 as third stage.[1] Solar-powered sphere measured radiation belts and micrometeorite impacts.[3] 22.7 kg (50.0 lb)
October 4 Soviet UnionLuna 3 LunaSuccessThe first mission to photograph the far side of the Moon. 278.5 kg (614 lb)
October 13 USAExplorer 7 Juno IISuccessProvided data on energetic particles, radiation, and magnetic storms. Also recorded the first micrometeorite penetration of a sensor.[3] 41.5 kg (69.4 lb)
November 26  USA Pioneer P-3 Atlas-Able 20 Failed Lunar orbiter probe; payload shroud broke away after 45 seconds.[3] 168.7 kg (371.1 lb)

1960s

Year Launch DateOriginName Launch VehicleTargetStatusDescription
1960 March 11 USAPioneer 5 Thor-AbleSunSuccessSolar monitor. Measured magnetic field phenomena, solar flare particles, and ionization in the interplanetary region[4]
May 15 Soviet UnionKorabl-Sputnik 1 Vostok-LEarthSuccessFirst test flight of the Soviet Vostok programme, and the first Vostok spacecraft
August 19 Soviet UnionKorabl-Sputnik 2 Vostok-LEarthSuccessFirst spaceflight to send animals into orbit and return them safely back to Earth
1961 August 23  USA Ranger 1 Atlas-Agena Moon Failure Rocket malfunction caused the spacecraft to get stranded in low earth orbit.[5]
November 18  USA Ranger 2 Atlas-Agena Moon Failure Booster rocket malfunction caused spacecraft to be trapped in low earth orbit.[6]
1962 January 26  USA Ranger 3 Atlas-Agena Moon Failure NASA's first attempt to land a spacecraft on the moon. A series of malfunctions caused spacecraft to hurtle past the moon.[7]
April 23  USA Ranger 4 Atlas-Agena Moon Mostly Failure Was the first U.S. spacecraft to reach another celestial body. Failure in the onboard computer prevented it from carrying out its scientific objectives.[8]
April 26 UKAriel 1 Thor-DeltaEarthSuccessFirst British satellite in space (on American rocket)
July 10 USATelstar 1 Thor-DeltaEarthSuccessCommunication satellite
July 22  USA Mariner 1 Atlas-Agena Venus Failure Software related guidance system failure, range safety officer ordered destroyed after 294.5 seconds after launch.
August 27 USAMariner 2 Atlas-AgenaVenusSuccessFirst spacecraft to visit another planet
September 29 CanadaAlouette 1 Thor-Agena EarthSuccessFirst Canadian satellite (on American rocket), first satellite not constructed by the US or USSR
October 18  USA Ranger 5 Atlas-Agena Moon Failure Malfunction in the spacecraft's batteries caused them to drain after 8 hours, leaving it inoperable.[9]
1963 First pair - October 17 USAVela Atlas-AgenaEarthSuccessSeries of satellites to monitor compliance to the 1963 Partial Test Ban Treaty
1964 December 15 ItalySan Marco 1 Scout X-4EarthSuccessFirst Italian satellite (on American rocket)
February 2  USA Ranger 6 Atlas-Agena Moon Success Lunar impactor. Successful impact but power failure resulted in no pictures.
July 31  USA Ranger 7 Atlas-Agena Moon Success Lunar impactor. Returned pictures until impact.
1965 February 2  USA Ranger 8 Atlas-Agena Moon Success Lunar impactor. Returned pictures until impact.
February 20  USA Ranger 9 Atlas-Agena Moon Success Lunar impactor. Live TV broadcast until impact.
November 26 FranceAsterix Diamant AEarthSuccessFirst French satellite
November 28 USAMariner 4 Atlas-AgenaMarsSuccessFirst deep space photographs of another planet and first flyby of Mars
November 29 CanadaAlouette 2 Thor-AgenaEarthSuccessResearch satellite designed to explore Earth's ionosphere
December 16  USA Pioneer 6 Delta E Sun Success A series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measurements on a continuing basis of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space.[10]
1966 January 31 Soviet UnionLuna 9 Molniya MMoonSuccessFirst spacecraft to achieve a soft landing on the Moon, or any planetary body other than Earth, and to transmit photographic data to Earth from the surface of another planetary body.
June 2  USA Surveyor 1 Atlas-Centaur Moon Success First US soft landing; Surveyor program performed various tests in support of forthcoming manned landings.[11]
July 1  USA Explorer 33 Delta E1 Earth Partial Success Was intended to orbit the moon but instead orbited the earth. Explored solar winds, interplanetary plasma, and solar X-rays.
August 10  USA Lunar Orbiter 1 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success First US spacecraft to orbit the Moon. Designed to photograph smooth areas of the lunar surface for selecting landing sites.
August 17  USA Pioneer 7 Delta E1 Sun Success A series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measurements on a continuing basis of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space.[10]
September 20  USA Surveyor 2 Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D Moon Failure Lunar Lander. A failure in one of its three thrusters caused it to lose control and crash into the moon.[12]
November 06  USA Lunar Orbiter 2 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success Designed to photograph smooth areas of the lunar surface to identify landing sites.
1967 April 17  USA Surveyor 3 Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D Moon Success Second successful lunar surface lander. Conducted experiments to see how the lunar surface would fare against the weight of an Apollo lunar module.[13]
June 14  USA Mariner 5 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Venus Success Flyby of Venus with a minimum distance of 5,000 km
July 14  USA Surveyor 4 Atlas LV-3C Centaur-D Moon Failure Despite a perfect flight to the moon, communications was lost 2.5 minutes prior to landing. NASA concluded the spacecraft may have exploded. [14]
September 08  USA Surveyor 5 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success Lunar lander. First spacecraft to do a soil analysis of any world. Returned more than 20,000 photos.[15]
November 07  USA Surveyor 6 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success Lunar lander. First spacecraft to be launched from the surface of the moon. It lifted itself to a height of about 3 meters. [16]
November 29 AustraliaWRESAT SpartaEarthSuccessFirst Australian satellite (on American rocket) launched from Woomera, Australia.
December 13  USA Pioneer 8 Delta E1 Sun Success A series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measurements on a continuing basis of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space.[10]
1968 January 07  USA Surveyor 7 Atlas SLV-3 Agena-D Moon Success Lunar lander. Only spacecraft in the series to land in the lunar highland region and had the most extensive set of instruments. [17]
November 08  USA Pioneer 9 Delta E1 Sun Success A series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measurements on a continuing basis of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space.[10]
1969 January 30 CanadaISIS 1 Delta E1EarthSuccessInternational Satellites for Ionospheric Studies (ISIS)
February 25  USA Mariner 6 Atlas SLV-3D Agena-D1A Mars Success Mars probe attempting to study the surface and atmosphere of Mars during close flybys to establish a basis for further investigations.[18]
March 27  USA Mariner 7 Atlas SLV-3D Agena-D1A Mars Success Mars probe attempting to study the surface and atmosphere of Mars during close flybys to establish a basis for further investigations.[19]

1970s

YearOriginNameTargetStatusDescription
1970 JapanOhsumiEarthSuccessFirst Japanese satellite
 Soviet UnionVenera 7VenusSuccessFirst successful landing of a spacecraft on another planet
 Soviet UnionLuna 16MoonSuccessLander is the first automated return of samples from the Moon
 Soviet UnionZond 8MoonSuccessFlyby
 Soviet UnionLuna 17/Lunokhod 1MoonSuccessLander/rover is the first automated surface exploration of the Moon
 UKOrba (satellite)EarthFailureSecond stage of rocket shutdown 13 seconds early
 USAUhuruEarthSuccessFirst dedicated X-ray astronomy satellite
 ChinaDong Fang Hong IEarthSuccessFirst Chinese satellite
1971 Soviet UnionLuna 18MoonFailureLander
 Soviet UnionLuna 19MoonSuccessOrbiter
 USAMariner 8MarsFailureOrbiter. Lost due to launch failure.
 Soviet UnionCosmos 419MarsFailureProbe
 Soviet UnionMars 2MarsPartial FailureOrbiter and lander, created the first human artifact on Mars
 Soviet UnionMars 3MarsPartial SuccessOrbiter and lander, first successful landing on Mars
 USAMariner 9MarsSuccessOrbiter, first pictures of Mars' moons (Phobos and Deimos) taken
 CanadaISIS 2EarthSuccess
 JapanShinseiEarthPartial successFirst Japanese science satellite
 UKProspero X-3EarthSuccessSatellite, first satellite launched by Britain using a British rocket
 UKAriel 4EarthSuccess
1972 Soviet UnionVenera 8VenusSuccessLander
 Soviet UnionLuna 20MoonSuccessLander
 USA/ UKCopernicus – Orbiting Astronomical Observatory-3EarthSuccess
 USAPioneer 10JupiterSuccessFirst spacecraft to encounter Jupiter
 USAExplorer 49SunSuccessSolar probe
1973 USAMariner 10Venus/MercurySuccessIt passed by and photographed Mercury, also was the first dual planet probe
 USAPioneer 11Jupiter/SaturnSuccessFirst spacecraft to encounter Saturn
 Soviet UnionLuna 21/Lunokhod 2MoonSuccessLander/rover
 Soviet UnionMars 4MarsFailureOrbiter
 Soviet UnionMars 5MarsSuccessOrbiter
 Soviet UnionMars 6MarsFailureOrbiter and lander
 Soviet UnionMars 7MarsFailureOrbiter and lander
1974 West GermanyHelios 1SunSuccessSolar probe
 Soviet UnionLuna 22MoonSuccessOrbiter
 Soviet UnionLuna 23MoonFailureProbe
 UKAriel 5EarthSuccessX-ray satellite
1975 Soviet UnionVenera 9VenusSuccessReturns the first pictures of the surface of Venus
 Soviet UnionVenera 10VenusSuccessOrbiter and lander
 USAViking 1MarsSuccessOrbiter and lander; lands on Mars 1976
 USAViking 2MarsSuccessOrbiter and lander; lands on Mars 1976
 IndiaAryabhataEarthSuccessLaunched by USSR, the first Indian satellite
1976 West GermanyHelios 2SunSuccessSolar probe
 Soviet UnionLuna 24MoonSuccessLander
 Canada/ USA/ EuropeCommunications Technology SatelliteEarthSuccessPrototype for testing direct broadcast satellite television on the Ku band
 Netherlands/ USAAstronomische Nederlandse Satelliet (ANS)EarthSuccessDiscovered X-ray bursts, first Dutch satellite (with US contributions)[20]
 USAOrbiting Solar ObservatorySunSuccessX-ray satellite shows that X-ray bursts have blackbody spectra
1977 USAHEAO-1EarthSuccessX-ray satellite
 Soviet UnionKosmos 954EarthSuccessReconnaissance satellites
1978 USAPioneer Venus 1VenusSuccessOrbiter
 USAPioneer Venus 2VenusSuccessAtmospheric probe
 Soviet UnionVenera 11VenusPartial SuccessFlyby and lander
 Soviet UnionVenera 12VenusSuccessFlyby and lander
. USA/ UK/ EuropeInternational Ultraviolet ExplorerEarthSuccess
 USAHEAO-2EarthSuccessFirst X-ray photographs of astronomical objects
1979 IndiaSatellite Launch VehicleFailureIndia's first rocket launched
 JapanHakuchoEarthSuccessX-ray satellite
 UKAriel 6EarthSuccessCosmic-ray and X-ray satellite
 USAVoyager 1 Voyager 2JupiterSuccessSent back images of Jupiter and its system
 IndiaBhaskara-1EarthSuccessLaunched by ISRO (First Indian low orbit Earth Observation Satellite)

1980s

YearOriginTargetStatusDescription
1980 USASunFailureSolar Maximum Mission solar probe succeeded after being repaired in Earth orbit
1981 IndiaEarthSuccessBhaskara-2 India, launched by ISRO
1981 Soviet UnionVenusSuccessVenera 13 launched, it returned the first colour pictures of the surface of Venus
1981 Soviet UnionVenusSuccessVenera 14 flyby and lander
1981 BulgariaEarthSuccessBulgaria 1300, polar research mission, launched by the Soviet Union
1983 Soviet UnionVenusSuccessVenera 15 orbiter
1983 Soviet UnionVenusSuccessVenera 16 orbiter
1983 EuropeEarthSuccessLaunch of the EXOSAT X-ray satellite
1983 JapanEarthSuccessLaunch of the Tenma X-ray satellite (ASTRO-B)
1983 USA/ Netherlands/ UKEarthSuccessLaunch of the IRAS satellite
1984 Soviet UnionVenus/Halley's CometSuccessVega 1 flyby, atmospheric probe and lander
1984 Soviet UnionVenus/Halley's CometSuccessVega 2 flyby, atmospheric probe and lander
1985 MexicoEarthSuccessMorelos I, the first Mexican satellite
1986 EuropeHalley's CometSuccessGiotto flyby
1986 USAUranusSuccessVoyager 2 sent back images of Uranus and its system
1987 JapanEarthSuccessLaunch of the Ginga X-ray satellite (ASTRO-C)
1988 Soviet UnionMarsFailurePhobos 1 orbiter and lander
1988 Soviet UnionMarsPartial FailurePhobos 2 flyby and lander
1988 IsraelEarthSuccessOfeq 1 first Israeli satellite, first satellite to be launched in retrograde orbit
1989 USAVenusSuccessMagellan orbiter launched which mapped 99 percent of the surface of Venus (300 m resolution)
1989 USAVenus/Earth/Moon/Gaspra/Ida/JupiterSuccessGalileo flyby, orbiter and atmospheric probe
1989 USANeptuneSuccessVoyager 2 sent back images of Neptune and its system
1989 EuropeEarthSuccessLaunch of the Hipparcos satellite
1989 USAEarthSuccessLaunch of the COBE satellite
1989 Soviet UnionEarthSuccessLaunch of the Granat gamma-ray and X-ray satellite

1990s

YearOriginTargetStatusDescription
1990 USA/ EuropeSunSuccessUlysses solar flyby
1990 JapanMoonSuccessHiten probe, this was the first non-United States or USSR probe to reach the Moon
1990 USA/ EuropeEarthSuccessLaunch of the Hubble Space Telescope
1990 GermanyEarthSuccessLaunch of the ROSAT X-ray satellite to conduct the first imaging X-ray sky survey
1991 JapanSunSuccessYohkoh solar probe
1991 USAEarthSuccessLaunch of the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory satellite
1992 USAMarsFailureMars Observer orbiter
1993 JapanEarthSuccessLaunch of the ASCA (ASTRO-D) X-ray satellite
1994 USAMoonSuccessClementine orbiter mapped the surface of the Moon (resolution 125–150 m) and allowed the first accurate relief map of the Moon to be generated
1995 MexicoEarthFailureUnamsat 1, First UNAM built orbiter
1995 EuropeEarthSuccessLaunch of the Infrared Space Observatory
1995 Europe/ USASunSuccessSOHO solar probe
1996 USA433 ErosSuccessNEAR Shoemaker asteroid flybys/orbiter/lander
1996 USAMarsSuccessMars Global Surveyor orbiter
1996 USAMarsSuccessMars Pathfinder, the first automated surface exploration of another planet
1996 RussiaMarsFailureMars 96 orbiter and lander
1996  Argentina Earth Failure Sac-B Orbiter
1997 USA/ EuropeSaturn and TitanSuccessCassini-Huygens arrived in orbit on July 1, 2004, landed on Titan January 14, 2005
1997 ArgentinaEarthSuccessNahuel 1A First Argentine satellite - geostationary communications satellites
1998 North KoreaEarthUnknownClaimed launch of Kwangmyongsong-1 by North Korea though no independent source was able to verify its existence
1998 USAMoonSuccessLunar Prospector orbiter
1998 JapanMarsFailureNozomi (Planet B) orbiter, the first Japanese spacecraft to reach another planet
1998 USAMarsFailureMars Climate Orbiter
1998  Argentina /  USA Earth Success Sac-A Orbiter
1999 USAMarsFailureMars Polar Lander
1999 USAMarsFailureDeep Space 2 (DS2) penetrators
1999 USAEarthSuccessLaunch of the Chandra X-ray Observatory
1999 EuropeEarthSuccessLaunch of the X-Ray Multi-Mirror Mission, XMM-Newton

2000s

YearOriginTargetStatusDescription
2000 UKEarthSuccessSNAP-1 robotic camera enabling images to be sent to other spacecrafts orbiting the Earth
2000  Argentina Earth Success SAC-C Orbiter
2001 USASunPartial SuccessGenesis solar wind sample crash-landed on return
2001 USAEarthSuccessWilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) performs cosmological observations.
2001 USAMarsSuccessMars Odyssey
2001 EuropeEarthSuccessPROBA-1 Small satellite to observe the Earth (first Belgian Satellite)
2003 CanadaEarthSuccessMOST the smallest space telescope in orbit.
2002 USAComet EnckeFailureCONTOUR launched, but lost during early trajectory insertion.
2002 Europe/ Russia/ USAEarthSuccessLaunch of the INTEGRAL gamma-ray satellite.
2003 EuropeMoonSuccessSmart 1 orbiter
2003 EuropeMarsPartial SuccessMars Express orbiter (successfully reached orbit) and failed lander, the Beagle 2
2003 USAMarsSuccessMars Exploration Rovers successful launches, Spirit successfully landed, Opportunity successfully landed
2003 UKEarthSuccessUK-DMC orbiter, part of the Disaster Monitoring Constellation
2003 Japan25143 ItokawaSuccessHayabusa, first sample return from asteroid, returned in 2010
2004 EuropeComet 67PSuccessRosetta space probe launched (arrived on comet 67P on November 12, 2014)
2004 USAMercurySuccessMESSENGER orbiter launched (in Mercury orbit)
2004 USAEarthSuccessLaunch of the Swift Gamma ray burst observatory.
2005 USAComet Tempel 1SuccessDeep Impact
2005 JapanEarthPartial successLaunch of the Suzaku X-ray observatory (ASTRO-EII)
2005 USAMarsIn orbitMars Reconnaissance Orbiter
2005 IranEarthSuccessSinah-1 launched, first Iranian-built satellite
2005 EuropeVenusSuccessVenus Express
2006 USAPlutoSuccessNew Horizons launched. On July 14, 2015, New Horizons flew within 7,750 miles (12,472 km) of Pluto.
2006 JapanEarthSuccessLaunch of the Akari infrared observatory (ASTRO-F)
2006 France/ESAEarthSuccessCOROT telescope to search for extrasolar planets
2007 USAMarsSuccessPhoenix launched and successfully landed in 2008
2007 JapanMoonSuccessSELENE orbiter and lander
2007 USAVesta/CeresIn Ceres OrbitDawn solar powered ion engined probe to 4 Vesta and 1 Ceres.
2007 ChinaMoonSuccessChang'e-I lunar orbiter
2007 NigeriaEarthInitial successNigComSat-1 launched by China, failed after 1 year
2008 USAEarthLaunched, operatingIBEX
2009 EuropeL2SuccessPlanck
2009 EuropeL2SuccessHerschel Space Observatory
2009 IranEarthSuccessOmid launched by Iranian made launcher Safir. First Iranian-launched satellite
2009 USAEarthSuccessKepler launched
2009 EuropeEarthSuccessPROBA-2 Small satellite to observe the sun
2009 IndiaEarthSuccessRISAT-2 developed by Israel Aerospace Industries, launched by ISRO, India
2009 IndiaMoonSuccessChandrayaan-1 developed and launched by ISRO, India
2009 UKEarthSuccessUK-DMC 2 orbiter, successor to UK-DMC part of the Disaster Monitoring Constellation

2010s

YearOriginTargetStatusDescription
2010 JapanVenusPartial successAkatsuki orbiter, first Japanese spacecraft to orbit another planet
2010 JapanVenusSuccessIKAROS, first solar-sail spacecraft
2010 ChinaMoonSuccessChang'e-2 lunar orbiter/impacter
2011 RussiaEarthSuccessLaunch of the Spektr-R radio telescope
2011 USAJupiterSuccessJuno
2011 RussiaMarsFailureFobos-Grunt lander and sample return
2011 NigeriaEarthSuccessNigComSat-1 replacement launched by China
2011 Taiwan /  SingaporeEarthSuccessST-2 replacement launched by Taiwan and Singapore
2011  Argentina /  USA Earth Success SAC-D Orbiter
2012 IranEarthLaunchedNavid earth-watching satellite
2012 USAMarsSuccessMars Science Laboratory with Curiosity rover—orbit and landed
2012 North KoreaEarthLaunchedKwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2, first successful North Korean orbital rocket launch
2013 PolandEarthLaunchedPW-Sat, first Polish satellite
2013 South KoreaEarthLaunchedSTSAT-2C, first successful South Korean orbital rocket launch
2013 CanadaEarthSuccessNEOSSat, monitoring near-Earth objects
2013 CanadaEarthSuccessSapphire, military space surveillance
2013 EuropeEarthSuccessPROBA-V, small satellite to monitor the vegetation of the Earth
2013 UKEarthSuccessSTRaND-1, first smartphone-operated satellite to be launched and dubbed the world's first "phonesat"
2013 JapanEarthLaunchedHisaki planetary atmosphere observatory
2013 CanadaEarthSuccessCASSIOPE, ionosphere research and communication satellite
2013 IndiaMarsSuccessMars Orbiter Mission
2013 USAMarsSuccessMAVEN orbiter
2013 PolandEarthLaunchedLem, First Polish scientific satellite
2014 EuropeComet 67PPartial successRosetta and Philae, Third comet landing at unintended site in suboptimal orientation due to failure of surface anchoring system
2014  Poland Earth Launched Heweliusz, Second Polish scientific satellite
2014 Japan162173 RyuguLaunched and en routeHayabusa 2, second Japanese asteroid sample return spacecraft
2014 Japan2000 DP107Partial failurePROCYON deep space probe
2015 United StatesEarth-Sun L1SuccessDSCOVR, Earth and space weather
2015 IndiaEarthSuccessAstrosat, Space observatory
2016 European Union /  RussiaMarsPartial successExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, Trace Gas Orbiter in orbit; Schiaparelli lander crashed
2016 CanadaEarthSuccessM3MSat, maritime monitoring and communication satellite
2016 United StatesEarthLaunched and en routeOSIRIS-REx, first American asteroid sample return spacecraft
2017 BrazilEarthSuccessSGDC-1, communication satellite
2018 United StatesMarsSuccessElon Musk's Tesla Roadster, dummy payload for the February 2018 Falcon Heavy test flight and is now an artificial satellite of the Sun
2018 United States  France  GermanyMarsLaunched and landedInSight, Mars lander for planetary information
2018 European Union/ JapanMercuryLaunched and en routeBepiColombo, two orbiters to study the magnetic field, magnetosphere, and both interior and surface structure of Mercury. Final mission of the Horizon 2000+ programme
2018 United StatesSunLaunched and en routeParker Solar Probe, first spacecraft to visit the outer corona of the Sun
2018 ChinaMoonSuccessChang'e 4, first spacecraft to soft-land on the lunar far side.
2019 IsraelMoonFailureBeresheet, first private space probe and moon lander, crashed
2019 IndiaMoonPartial SuccessChandrayaan-2, orbiter achieved orbit, but lander crash-landed

References

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  18. "Mariner 6". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-13. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  19. "Mariner 7". www.jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-13. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
  20. Astronomische Nederlandse Satelliet (ANS)
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