Timeline of Cape Town

The following is a timeline of the history of Cape Town, in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Prior to 19th century

19th century

20th century

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Note: Census figures (1996–2011) cover figures after 1994 reflect the greater Cape Town metropolitan municipality reflecting post-1994 reforms. Sources: 1658-1904,[34] 1950-1990,[35]

1996,[36] 2001, and 2011 Census;[37]

2007,[38] 2014 Census estimates.




21st century

See also


  1. Britannica 1910.
  2. Brown 1906.
  3. R.F.M. Immelman (1970). "Book Provision in Cape Colony, 1800-1860". Journal of Library History. 5 (1): 35–46. JSTOR 25540212.
  4. Worden 1998.
  5. Thomas 1868.
  6. W.H. Hosking (1914). South African Year Book. London: Routledge.
  7. Henry Hall (1866), "Table of Chronological Events", Manual of South African Geography (2nd ed.), Cape Town: Saul Solomon & Co.
  8. Appiah 2005.
  9. William Darby (1845), Darby's Universal Gazetteer (4th ed.), Philadelphia: Grigg & Elliot, OL 20829216M
  10. J. Van de Sandt, ed. (1846). Cape of Good Hope Almanac ... for 1846. Cape Town: J. Van de Sandt Jr.
  11. Jedidiah Morse; Richard C. Morse (1823), "Cape town", A New Universal Gazetteer (4th ed.), New Haven: S. Converse, OL 7216242M
  12. McKenzie 1998.
  13. Andrew Smith (1826), A descriptive catalogue of the South African Museum, Cape Town: W. Bridekirk, OL 20455440M
  14. George McCall Theal (1908), History Of South Africa, 1795-1834, London: S. Sonnenschein & Co.
  15. A. Wyatt Tilby (1914), South Africa, 1486-1913, The English People Overseas, 6, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, OCLC 6132589, OL 6568352M
  16. "Cape Town (South Africa) -- Newspapers". Global Resources Network. Chicago, US: Center for Research Libraries. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  17. Cape Town Mail. WorldCat. OCLC 124053885.
  18. "Cape Town Botanic Garden". Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (Royal Gardens, Kew). 1892.
  19. Ad Donker (1983). "English-Language Publishing in South Africa". English in Africa. 10. hdl:10520/AJA03768902_160.
  20. J. Don Vann; Rosemary T. VanArsdel, eds. (1996). Periodicals of Queen Victoria's Empire. University of Toronto Press.
  21. Proceedings at the 35th anniversary meeting of the subscribers to The Public Library, Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope, Cape Town: Saul Solomon & Co., 1864, OL 7106605M
  22. Bond J.: They were South Africans. London: Oxford University Press. 1956. Chapter 19, The Makers of Railways: John Molteno. p.170.
  23. Friis, T. 1962. The public library in South Africa - an evaluative study. Cape Town: Afrikaanse Pers-Boekhandel. p.69
  24. Burman, Jose (1984), Early Railways at the Cape, Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, ISBN 0-7981-1760-5
  25. Statement Showing, in Chronological Order, the Date of Opening and the Mileage of Each Section of Railway, Statement No. 19, p. 181, ref. no. 200954-13
  26. Cape Archives
  27. http://www.sahistory.org.za/topic/amersfoort-legacy-timeline-1658-present
  28. Great Britain Board of Education (1901), Educational Systems of the Chief Colonies of the British Empire, Printed for H.M. Stationery Off., by Wyman and Sons
  29. George Thomas Amphlett (1914), History of the Standard Bank of South Africa Ltd., 1862-1913, Glasgow: Printed by R. Maclehose, OL 7184724M
  30. Denis Martin (1999), Coon Carnival, Cape Town: David Philip, ISBN 0864864485
  31. Stephen, Leslie; Freshfield, Douglas William; Conway, Sir William Martin; Butler, Arthur John; Yeld, George (1907). "Mountaineering Clubs, 1857-1907". Alpine Journal.
  32. Mantzaris 1987.
  33. Elaine Denby (1998), Grand Hotels: Reality and Illusion, Reaktion Books, ISBN 9781861890108
  34. Worden, Nigel; van Hyningen, Elizabeth; Bickford-Smith, Vivian (1998). Cape Town: The Making of a City. Claremont, Cape Town, South Africa: David Philip Publishers. p. 212. ISBN 0-86486-435-3.
  35. "Population estimates for Cape Town, South Africa, 1950-2015". Mongabay.com. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  36. "Census 96 : Community Profile". City of Cape Town. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  37. "City of Cape Town – 2011 Census – Cape Town" (PDF). City of Cape Town. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  38. Small, Karen (December 2008). "Demographic and Socio-economic Trends for Cape Town: 1996 to 2007" (PDF). City of Cape Town. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  39. "History of Kirstenbosch NBG". South African National Biodiversity Institute. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  40. "Cape Town Timeline, 1300-1997". Cape Town: South African History Online. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  41. Besteman 2008.
  42. "Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: South Africa". www.katolsk.no. Norway: Oslo katolske bispedømme (Oslo Catholic Diocese). Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  43. Worden 1994.
  44. Bickford-Smith 1999.
  45. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  46. History of Maynardville - Old Wynberg Village
  47. "Arts Page, Official Opening of the Maynardville Theatre". Cape Times. 27 November 1950.
  48. Maynardville Theatre - History (City of Cape Town Website) Archived 8 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  49. "Arranged for Athlone Nursery School". Cape Times. 1 December 1950.
  50. Cape Times, Arts Supplement. 1950–56. p.14 (var.)
  51. "Archives, Libraries, Bibliographies, Book Dealers & Publishers on Africa". Virtual Libraries: African Studies. New York: Columbia University Libraries. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  52. "Obituary: Ronald Segal, Anti-apartheid activist, writer and editor who founded the Penguin African Library", Guardian, UK, 25 February 2008
  53. "Africa South" via Digital Innovation South Africa. 1956-1961
  54. Jack Cope (1980). "World of 'Contrast'" (PDF). English in Africa. 7 via Sabinet.
  55. Jacqueline Audrey Kalley; et al., eds. (1999). Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from Independence to Mid-1997. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-30247-3.
  56. "Organizations". International Relations and Security Network. Switzerland: Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  57. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  58. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  59. "The Women's Centre, Cape Town". Agenda (10). 1991.
  60. "South Africa". Africa South of the Sahara 2003. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. 2003. ISBN 9781857431315. ISSN 0065-3896.
  61. Marback 2004.
  62. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012.
  63. "History". National Library of South Africa. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  64. "Milestones". Cape Town Science Centre. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  65. "Capetown.gov.za". City of Cape Town. Archived from the original on 16 June 2001 via Wayback Machine.
  66. "Southern Africa, 1900 A.D.–present: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  67. World Literature Today, 2007
  68. "Neighbourgoods Market". Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  69. "African Centre for Cities". Rondebosch. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  70. Fodor's. "Cape Town Sights". Random House. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  71. Ineke van Kessel (2012). "South Africa". In Andreas Mehler; et al. (eds.). Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2011. 8. Koninklijke Brill. pp. 511–526. ISBN 978-90-04-24178-7.
  72. Contemporary African art comes home to Cape Town, UK: Economist Group, 2017
  73. Evans, Jenni (5 March 2018). "Cape Town winning Day Zero battle, but City warns residents to keep saving". News24. 24.com. Retrieved 6 March 2018. ... Day Zero has been pushed back again – this time from July 9 to July 15.


Published in 19th century

  • Robert Semple (1805), "Cape Town", Walks and sketches at the Cape of Good Hope to which is subjoined a journey from Cape Town to Blettenberg's Bay (2nd ed.), London: Printed by and for C. and R. Baldwin
  • Josiah Conder (1830), "Cape Town", The Modern Traveller, London: J.Duncan
  • "British Colonies: Cape Town". The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction. London: J. Limbird (716–717). April–May 1835.
  • J. Thomas; T. Baldwin, eds. (1868), "Cape Town", Lippincott's Pronouncing Gazetteer (2nd ed.), Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co.
  • John Noble, ed. (1886). "Cities and Towns of the Colony". Official Handbook: History, Productions and Resources of the Cape of Good Hope. Cape Town: Saul Solomon & Co. for the Colonial & Indian Exhibition Committee. Cape Town

Published in 20th century

  • A. Samler Brown; G. Gordon Brown, eds. (1906), "Cape Town and Suburbs", Guide to South Africa (14th ed.), London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Co.
  • "Cape Town", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 via Internet Archive
  • "Cape Town", Official South African Municipal Year Book, Cape Town: Francis G. Pay, 1914
  • Dorothea Fairbridge (1922), "Old Cape Town", Historic houses of South Africa, London: H. Milford, Oxford University Press, OCLC 2777566
  • John Western (1981). Outcast Cape Town. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-20737-0.
  • Evangelos A. Mantzaris (1987). "Jewish Trade Unions in Cape Town, South Africa, 1903-1907: A Socio-Historical Study". Jewish Social Studies. 49 (3/4): 251–264. JSTOR 4467388.
  • Nigel Worden (Spring 1994). "Unwrapping History at the Cape Town Waterfront". Public Historian. 16.
  • Noelle Watson, ed. (1996). "Cape Town". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa. UK: Routledge. pp. 165–170. ISBN 1884964036.
  • Kirsten McKenzie (1998). "Franklins of the Cape: the South African Commercial Advertiser and the Creation of a Colonial Public Sphere, 1824-1854". Kronos (25).
  • Grant Saff (1998). Changing Cape Town: Urban Dynamics, Policy, and Planning During the Political Transition in South Africa. University Press of America. ISBN 978-0-7618-1199-2.
  • Nigel Worden; Elizabeth Van Heyningen; Vivian Bickford-Smith (1998), Cape Town: the Making of a City, Claremont, South Africa: D. Philip, ISBN 0864864353
  • Vivian Bickford-Smith; Elizabeth Van Heyningen; Nigel Worden (1999), Cape Town in the twentieth century, Claremont, South Africa: D. Philip Publishers, ISBN 0864863845

Published in 21st century

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