Time in Indonesia
The Indonesian archipelago geographically stretches across four time zones from UTC+06:00 in Aceh to UTC+09:00 in Western New Guinea. However, the Indonesian government only recognizes three time zones in its territory:
- Indonesia Western Standard Time (WIB) —seven hours in advance (UTC+07:00) of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
- Indonesia Central Standard Time (WITA) — eight hours ahead (UTC+08:00) of GMT; and
- Indonesia Eastern Standard Time (WIT) —nine hours ahead (UTC+09:00) of GMT
The boundary between the western and central time zones established is a line running north between Java and Bali through the center of Kalimantan. The border between central and eastern time zones runs north from the eastern tip of Timor to the eastern tip of Sulawesi.
In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones:
|Time zone name||Time of day and abbreviation||UTC offset||WIB offset||Area covered||Population|
|Indonesian Western Standard Time||19:20, 18 December 2019 WIB [refresh]||UTC+07:00||WIB+0h||Sumatra, Java, West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan||207,485,712|
|Indonesia Central Standard Time||20:20, 18 December 2019 WITA [refresh]||UTC+08:00||WIB+1h||South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara||40,840,394|
|Indonesia Eastern Standard Time||21:20, 18 December 2019 WIT [refresh]||UTC+09:00||WIB+2h||Maluku, North Maluku, West Papua and Papua||6,855,338|
The time zones above have been observed since 1 January 1988 (based on Keputusan Presiden No. 41 tahun 1987, Presidential Decision 41/1987). Prior to that date, West and Central Kalimantan used WITA, while Bali used WIB from 29 November 1963 (based on Keputusan Presiden No. 243 tahun 1963)
During the colonial era until early independence, the time in Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) was regulated as follows:
Standardized Time Zone (Indonesia 1932)
- Northern Sumatra Time (NST) (UTC+06:30), was observed in Aceh, Padang and Medan.
- Central and Southern Sumatra Time (CSST) (UTC+07:00), was observed in Bengkulu, Palembang and Lampung.
- Java, Bali, and Borneo Time (JBBT) (UTC+07:30), was observed in Java (Jawa), Bali, Madura and Kalimantan.
- Celebes Time (CBT) (UTC+08:00), was observed in Sulawesi and Lesser Sunda Islands.
- Moluccan Time (MCT) (UTC+08:30), was observed in Ternate, Namlea, Ambon and Banda.
- West Irian Time (WIT) (UTC+09:00) was observed in West Irian. It observed during 1 November 1932 to 31 August 1944.
- Dutch New Guinea Time (DGT) (UTC+09:30), was observed in West Irian during named Dutch New Guinea because Netherlands still hold West Irian. It observed from 1 September 1944 to 31 December 1963.
Daylight saving time was observed from 1 November 1932 to 23 March 1942, and from 23 September 1945 to 1 January 1964, except in West Irian, which observed it until 1944. Jakarta, observed daylight saving time only from 1 May 1948 to 1 May 1950.
From 23 March 1942 to 23 September 1945, all regions in Indonesia except West Irian used Japan Standard Time (JST) (UTC+09:00) for the sake of the effectiveness of Japanese military operations in Indonesia This meant that western parts of Indonesia observed double daylight saving time and central parts of Indonesia were on daylight saving time during the period of Japanese occupation 1942-1945.
Single time zone proposal
|2012-03-12||Coordinating Minister for the Economy Hatta Rajasa is reported to have said: "According to research, with a single time zone the country could cut costs by trillions of rupiah,"|
|2012-05-26||The Jakarta Post reported on 26 May 2012 that a single time zone using UTC+08:00 may start on 28 October 2012.|
|2012-07-30||Reported on 30 July 2012 as still on the agenda|
|2012-08-31||Jakarta Globe reported on 31 August 2012 that a single time zone is now put on hold. The Indonesian Economic Development Committee (KP3EI) cited that they will need at least 3 months to communicate and plan for the change. Hence this could happen in 2013.|
|2013-01-30||A deputy minister said the idea has been abandoned after missed two target dates: 17 August (Independence day) and 28 October 2012 (Youth Pledge day)|
|2013-02-09||Then the minister said that it's not abandoned, only without any definite date|
IANA time zone database
- Statistics Indonesia (November 2015). "Result of the 2015 Intercensal Population Census" (PDF). Retrieved 10 June 2018.
- Soeharto (26 November 1987). "Keputusan Presiden No. 41 Tahun 1987" (PDF). Keputusan Presiden No. 41 tahun 1987 - BAPPENAS. BAPPENAS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- "Indonesia Pernah Ubah 9 Kali Zona Waktu". Viva.co.id. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- "Garuda Indonesian Airways". timetableimages.com. 1963. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
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- "Time Zone & Clock Changes in Jakarta, Jakarta Special Capital Region, Indonesia". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Post, The Jakarta. "Single time zone may begin in late October". thejakartapost.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Indonesia to implement single time zone". khabarsoutheastasia.com. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Okezone. "Hatta : Penyatuan Zona Waktu Tidak Batal : Okezone Economy". okezone.com. Retrieved 30 March 2018.