In linguistic typology, time–manner–place is a general order of adpositional phrases in a language's sentences: "yesterday", "by car", "to the store". Japanese, Afrikaans, Dutch, Mandarin, and German belong to this category.

An example of this appositional ordering in German is:

I'm travelling to Munich by car today.

The temporal phrase – heute ("today") – comes first, the manner – mit dem Auto ("by car") – is second, and the place – nach München ("to Munich") – is third.

One way to remember the order in German is the mnemonic acronym ZAP: Zeit (time), Art (manner), Platz (place). Another, in English, is the "acronym" TeMPo. It is a subset of the system called TeKaMoLo in German, from Latin: Temporal, Kausal, Modal, Local, or time-cause-manner-place

English and French use this order only when the time is mentioned before the verb, which is commonly the case when time, manner, and place are all mentioned.

See also

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.