Tidal (album)

Tidal is the debut studio album by American singer-songwriter Fiona Apple, released on July 23, 1996 by Work Records and Columbia Records (Sony Music). Tidal produced six singles: "Shadowboxer", "Slow Like Honey",[1] "Sleep to Dream", "The First Taste", "Criminal" and "Never Is a Promise". "Criminal", the album's most popular single, won a Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance in 1998. In 2017, Tidal got its first vinyl run as a 'Vinyl Me, Please' exclusive "Record of the Month."[2]

Studio album by
ReleasedJuly 23, 1996
StudioSony Music Studios, Ocean Way Recorders and 4th Street Recording, Los Angeles, CA
LabelClean Slate, Work, Columbia
ProducerAndrew Slater
Fiona Apple chronology
When the Pawn...
Singles from Tidal
  1. "Shadowboxer"
    Released: July 1, 1996
  2. "Slow Like Honey"
    Released: 1996
  3. "Sleep to Dream"
    Released: April 14, 1997
  4. "The First Taste"
    Released: 1997
  5. "Criminal"
    Released: September 16, 1997
  6. "Never Is a Promise"
    Released: 1997

Background and reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Christgau's Consumer Guide[4]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music[5]
The Guardian[6]
Los Angeles Times[7]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide[11]

"When I did Tidal," Apple said in 2000, "it was more for the sake of proving myself; telling people from my past something. And to also try to get friends for the future."[12]

Tidal was received well by critics,[13] with Jenny Eliscu of Rolling Stone and Richard Harrington of The Washington Post describing it as a mature effort comparable to the work of singer/songwriters Alanis Morissette and Tori Amos.[11][13] In 2010, Rolling Stone ranked the album at number 83 among the 100 greatest albums of the 1990s.[14] The following year, Slant Magazine placed it at number 74.[15] The album is featured in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[16]

As of July 2016, the album has sold 2.9 million copies in United States. [17]

Track listing

All tracks are written by Fiona Apple.

1."Sleep to Dream"4:08
2."Sullen Girl"3:54
5."Slow Like Honey"5:56
6."The First Taste"4:47
7."Never Is a Promise"5:54
8."The Child Is Gone"4:14
9."Pale September"5:50
Total length:51:31



  • Andrew Slater – producer
  • Mark Endert – recording, mixing
  • Claude "Swifty" Achille – additional engineering
  • Niko Bolas – additional engineering
  • Brian Scheuble – additional engineering
  • Jim Wirt – additional engineering
  • Troy Gonzalez – assistant engineer
  • Al Sanderson – assistant engineer
  • Tom Banghart – mixing assistant
  • Ted Jensen – mastering
  • Valerie Pack – production coordination
  • Fred Woodward – art direction
  • Nathaniel Goldberg – photography


Chart (1996–97) Peak
Australian Albums Chart 43
French Albums Chart 21
Belgian Albums Chart (Wallonia) 48
New Zealand Albums Chart[18] 22
U.S. Billboard Top Heatseekers 2
U.S. Billboard 200 15
Single Chart (1996) Peak
"Shadowboxer" U.S. Billboard Adult Top 40 32
U.S. Billboard Modern Rock Tracks 34
Single Chart (1997) Peak
"Sleep to Dream" U.S. Billboard Modern Rock Tracks 28
"Criminal" U.S. Billboard Adult Top 40 17
U.S. Billboard Modern Rock Tracks 4
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 21
U.S. Billboard Top 40 Mainstream 18

Certifications and sales

Region CertificationCertified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[19] Platinum 100,000^
France (SNEP)[20] Gold 117,100[21]
Russia (NFPF)[22] Gold 10,000*
United States (RIAA)[23] 3× Platinum 2,900,000[17]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone


  1. "Fiona Apple Slow Like Honey US Promo CD single (CD5 / 5") (115842)". Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  2. "Fiona Apple: 'Tidal'". Vinyl Me, Please. May 2017.
  3. Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Tidal – Fiona Apple". AllMusic. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  4. Christgau, Robert (2000). "Fiona Apple: Tidal". Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 0-312-24560-2. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  5. Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
  6. Sullivan, Caroline (September 6, 1996). "Fiona Apple: Tidal (Columbia)". The Guardian.
  7. Gardner, Elysa (July 28, 1996). "Fiona Apple 'Tidal,' Work/Clean Slate". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  8. Pelly, Jenn (August 13, 2017). "Fiona Apple: Tidal". Pitchfork. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  9. Kholeif, Omar (July 27, 2009). "Fiona Apple: Tidal". PopMatters. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  10. "Fiona Apple: Tidal". Q (123): 121. December 1996.
  11. Eliscu, Jenny (2004). "Fiona Apple". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. p. 23. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  12. Sutcliffe, Phil, "Hard Core Pawn", Q, March 2000, p48
  13. Harrington, Richard (November 28, 1999). "Fiona Apple: The Time Is Ripe". The Washington Post. p. G1.
  14. "Fiona Apple, 'Tidal'". Rolling Stone.
  15. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-02-18. Retrieved 2011-05-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (23 March 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.
  17. "Fiona Apple's 'Tidal' Turns 20: Celebrating Her Masterful Debut Album". Billboard. July 23, 2016. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
  18. "Fiona Apple - New Zealand Chart Positions". charts.org.nz. Retrieved December 15, 2007.
  19. "Canadian album certifications – Fiona Apple – Tidal". Music Canada.
  20. "French album certifications – Fiona Apple – Tidal" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.
  21. "Les Albums Or". infodisc.fr. SNEP. Archived from the original on 2011-10-18. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
  22. "Russia certifications 2018" (PDF). Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  23. "American album certifications – Fiona Apple – Tidal". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
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