Thunder Bay District

Thunder Bay District is a district and census division in Northwestern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. The district seat is Thunder Bay.

Thunder Bay District
Location of Thunder Bay District in Ontario
Coordinates: 50°N 088°W
RegionNorthwestern Ontario
  MPsCarol Hughes (NDP)
Patty Hajdu (Liberal)
Don Rusnak (Liberal)
  MPPsMichael Gravelle (OLP)
Michael Mantha (NDP)
Judith Monteith-Farrell (NDP)
  Land103,719.51 km2 (40,046.33 sq mi)
Elevation220 m (720 ft)
Highest elevation
640 m (2,100 ft)
Lowest elevation
183 m (600 ft)
  Density1.4/km2 (4/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Postal code span
P0S, P0T, P7A to P7G, P7J to P7L
Area code(s)807
Largest communities [4]Thunder Bay (109,140)
Oliver Paipoonge (5,757)
Greenstone (4,906)

In 2016, the population was 146,048. The land area is 103,719.51 square kilometres (40,046.33 sq mi); the population density was 1.4 per square kilometre (3.6/sq mi).[1] Most of the district (93.5%) is unincorporated and part of the Unorganized Thunder Bay District.


Thunder Bay District was created in 1871 by provincial statute from the western half of Algoma District, named after a large bay on the north shore of Lake Superior. Its northern and western boundaries were uncertain until Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.[5] Until about 1902 it was often called Algoma West from the name of the provincial constituency established in 1885.

The following districts include areas that were formerly part of Thunder Bay District:



First Nations and their Indian Reserves

Unorganized areas


Thunder Bay District
Historical populations
Canada census – Thunder Bay District community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 146,048 (0.0% from 2011) 146,057 (-2.0% from 2006) 149,063 (-1.2% from 2001)
Land area: 103,722.82 km2 (40,047.60 sq mi) 103,706.27 km2 (40,041.21 sq mi)
Population density: 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi) 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi)
Median age: 45.0 (M: 44.0, F: 45.9) 41.7 (M: 41.1, F: 42.3)
Total private dwellings: 72,551 71,235 71,635
Median household income: $68,062
Notes: *Excludes census data for incompletely enumerated Indian reserves. – References: 2016[3] 2011[1] 2006[7] earlier[8]

Almost 80 per cent of the district's population lives in the city of Thunder Bay Census Metropolitan Area; no other community in the district exceeds 7,000 in population.

Further reading

See also


  1. "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  2. Highest point is 640m, located in Pukaskwa National Park. Thunder Bay is at 183m. 220 is an estimate
  3. "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
  4. Compilation of Northwestern Ontario's 2006 census data
  5. "Ontario-Manitoba Boundary Case". Archived from the original on 2012-10-04.
  6. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  7. "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  8. "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
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