Thorne is an unincorporated community within the unincorporated township of Poitras, in the Canadian province of Ontario. It is located in the census division of Nipissing District. A designated place served by a local services board, the community had a population of 204 in the 2016 Canadian Census.
As early as 1942 a number of squatters had established themselves on CIP (Canadian International Paper) property on the Ontario side of the Ottawa River. Leo Armitage and Leo Dorion are attributed as the first white setters at the location. The small grouping of houses would eventually take the name of Thorneville after C.B. Thorne, a Norwegian born engineer and technical director in charge of building the paper mill for the Riordon Pulp and Paper Co. between 1917-20. After the Second World War owing to a lack of housing lots within the company town site at Témiscaming, CIP decided to establish a secondary town site on the Ontario shore of the river. The company surveyed and serviced housing lots which it then sold to the public. In 1948 town site was built and the homes were privately owned unlike those at Témiscaming where the CIP still retained ownership of most of the town.
Although Thorne is a modern town site, the first residents to the area came be traced back to the 1870s when a depot farm was established to cater to the regions numerous lumber camps. The surrounding valley contains mostly poor rocky soil, however some good farm land was available approximately 3 km inland. Situated on steep slope, The Farm, as residents call the Boyce place, supplied fresh produce, meat, diary and hay to the camps. The farm contained a number of families until it was abandoned during the 1950s. It supplied goods to Témiskaming by the Boyce clan from around 1900 to 1946.The first Ed Boyce then his brother James then his two sons Eldon and Gorden all originating in Manotick and North Gower Ontario and thru time all went back.
The first grocery store was operated by Mr. and Mrs Leo Cyr. In 1952, Mr. Paul Pharand established an additional grocery store. Thorne also had an Odd Fellows Hall which hosted dances. The village was settled by both francophones and anglophones, the majority of whom worked at the lumber mills located across the river in Témiskaming. In 1951, Thorne counted 267 residents. In 1956 Thorne counted 401 residents, 416 in 1961 and maintained this figure for three decades as it still counted 425 residents in 1980. However, by 1990 Thorne's population had dropped to 230 residents. The decline in population is mostly attributed to the large retired population and smaller family units. Though in recent years younger families have been relocating to community. In 2006, Thorne counted 254 residents, and 196 in 2011. In 2016, the census counted 204 residents in the village.
Due to the construction of the Otto Holden Generating Station in 1950, the water levels along the Ottawa river changed the riverfront of the village and large white pine trees were cut down.
At various times Thorne did contain a few services such as a post office, service station, 2 general stores, propane dealer, a ski resort, skating rink as well as an English Public school and a French Separate school. In the mid 1980s a sea food restaurant operated and Catholic masses were conducted in the French language for a number of years the Separate School's gymnasium through the Parish of Sainte-Thérese, domiciled in Témiscaming, Quebec. In the 1990s a veterinary office operated for a decade.
Today only the French Language Separate School, a nursing station, a restaurant, and the post office remains to service the community. Other services are obtained in Témiscaming, Quebec or in North Bay, Ontario.
- Témiscaming 1921-1996: nos racines, notre histoire (in French). Book Committee: Louise Forget, Yolande Dumas, Julienne Cécire, Thérese Gélineau, Ken Collins, Ross Sparling, Philippe Barette, Shirley McCullock, Marjorie Brown, Linda Lamarhe, Pierre Bérubé, Gerry Jones, Peter McCulloch, Lois Lynn. Témiscaming?: s.n. 1996. p. 354. ISBN 9782980420603. OCLC 936856576.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Canada. Dominion Bureau of Statistics = Canada. Bureau federal de la statistique. (1954). Population : unincorporated villages and hamlets = Population : villages et hameaux non constitués. Government of Canada. Bureau of Statistics. p. 48.
- Statistics Canada. 2012. Thorne, Ontario (Code 350029) and Canada (Code 01) (table). Census Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-XWE. Ottawa. Released October 24, 2012. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 7, 2019).
- Statistics Canada. 2017. Thorne, LSB [Designated place], Ontario and Canada [Country] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017. https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 7, 2019).