Thomas Denys

Sir Thomas Denys (c.1477–1561) of Holcombe Burnell, near Exeter, Devon, was a prominent lawyer who served as Sheriff of Devon nine times between 1507/8 to 1553/4 and as MP for Devon. He acquired large estates in Devon at the Dissolution of the Monasteries.

Origins

He was the son and heir of Sir Thomas Denys (d.1498) of Holcombe Burnell by his wife Joan (alias Janera[1]) Loveday, daughter of Philip Loveday of Sneston in Suffolk.[2]

Career

He served twice as Recorder of Exeter, 1514-1544[3] and Sept. 1551 to his death.[1] Sir Thomas is notorious as having supervised in Exeter, in his capacity as Sheriff of Devon or as Recorder of Exeter, the burning at the stake of the Protestant martyr Thomas Benet in January 1531/2.[1] The burning took place outside the eastern side of the city walls, near the Livery Dole where in 1592 his son Sir Robert Dennis (d.1592) commenced the building of an almshouse, possibly an act of atonement for his father's action.

Lands acquired

  • Royal grant 11 February 1539. The following grant from King Henry VIII dated 11 February 1539 was made to Thomas Denys of Holcombe Burnell, Knt. for £1,127 3s 4d:
"the Manors of Litlam alias Littelham and Exmouthe belonging to the late Monastery of Shirbourne, Dorset, in as full manner as the last Abbot held the same; also the messuage formerly in the tenure of Katherine Lytton in the parish of St. Peter-the-Less, in the ward of Beynardes Castell in London; which messuage lately belonged to the late Monastery of Croxden, Staffs. and is worth 26s 8d per year. Also the hundred of Budlegh alias East Budleigh which came to the King's hands by the attainder of Henry Courteney, late Marquis of Exeter. To hold by the following yearly rent, viz: for the Manors of Litlam and Exmouth, £6 3s 10d; for the messuage in London 2s 8d, the hundred of East Budleigh to be held by the 20th part of a knight's fee without any rent".
His later heir Henry Rolle (1708-1750), later 1st Baron Rolle, of Stevenstone obtained an inspeximus of this grant from King George II in 1731, immediately on coming into his inheritance following his father's death in 1730.[4]

Marriages

He married twice:

  • The first marriage was at sometime before 1506, to Anne Wood, daughter of a "Wood of London"[6] and widow of Thomas Warley (alias Waley) an Exchequer official and clerk of the works.[1]
  • His second marriage was in 1524 to Elizabeth Donne, a daughter of Sir Angel Donne,[1] an Alderman of London, by his wife Anne Hawarden (alias Hawardine), of Cheshire, and widow of Sir Thomas Murfyn,[1] an alderman and former Lord Mayor of London.[7] Elizabeth's brother was Gabriel Donne (d.1558), the last Abbot of Buckfast Abbey in Devon, who in 1539 on the Dissolution of the Monasteries surrendered his abbey into the hands of Sir William Petre, as agent for King Henry VIII and was rewarded with a large annual pension of £120. The site of the abbey was granted by the king to Dennis, the Abbot's brother-in-law.[8][9]

Progeny

His eldest son was Sir Robert Denys (d.1592), MP for Devon in 1555 and Sheriff of Devon, who acquired the manor of Bicton, on the other side of Exeter (i.e. the eastern side) to Holcombe Burnell. It is likely that the Easter Sepulchre in the church is his tomb and monument.[10]

References

  1. Kirk & Hawkyard
  2. Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.279, pedigree of Dennis
  3. Prince, John, (1643–1723) The Worthies of Devon, 1810 edition, London, pp.468-9
  4. Devon Record Office 48/22/2/1 National Archives. 25 February 1731, Letters Patent, 4 George II, Inspeximus (at the request of Henry Rolle of Stevenstone)
  5. Oliver, Rev. George, The History of Exeter, Exeter, 1825, p.164
  6. "Anne da. to ... Wood of London", per Heraldic Visitation (Vivian, 1895, p. 279); Kirk & Hawkyard however state Anne to have been a widow of "Thomas Wood of London"
  7. Robertson 1975, p. 474.
  8. "Donne, Gabriel", Dictionary of National Biography, London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900 , quoting: "Oliver, Monasticon Diœcesis Exoniensis, p. 372"
  9. Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries: Volume 23, 1949
  10. Hoskins, W.G., "Devon", 1954

Sources

  • Kirk, L. M. Kirk & Hawkyard, A.D.K., biography of Sir Thomas Denys, published in History of Parliament: House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff, 1982
  • Robertson, Mary Louise (1975). Thomas Cromwell's servants: the ministerial household in early Tudor government and society (Ph.D. thesis). University of California, Los Angeles.
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